Mahayana believes that enlightenment can be achieved by following the teachings of Buddha. Boddhisattvas have huge prominence in Mahayana.
While Theravada believes monks need to strive to gain freedom and need to become Arhats. It believes that freedom from samsara's cycle is crucial.
Comparison Table Between Mahayana and Theravada
|Parameters of Comparison||Mahayana||Theravada|
|Origin||Believed to be originated in the Hinayana schools||Descends from Vibhajjavada (a division within the Sthavira Nikaya)|
|Buddhists Followers||Over 360 million Buddhists are followers Mahayana||Over 150 million Buddhists are followers of Theravada|
|Earliest of evidence||Textual evidence from Sutras||Textual evidence of gold plates found in Sri Ksetra in the Pāli language|
|Promotion of beliefs||Believes in promotion of other monks too and not exclusively Buddha||Believes in exclusive supremacy of Buddha|
|Spread||From China and India to different parts of Southeast Asia||From Southern India to Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Laos, Burma, Thailand, Myanmar, and beyond|
What is Mahayana?
Mahayana is a term used to refer to a branch of Buddhism which includes Buddhist traditions, practices, philosophies, and texts. It is also called the Great Vehicle.
Mahayana is the largest Buddhist tradition to date. There are various origin theories and hypotheses to explain the origin of
It focuses on inner motivation and vision regardless of the institutional position of the individual. Therefore, it is not considered as a term but a religious tendency.
Mahayana has achieved growth from the fifth century. Some popular Buddha's of Mahayana are Amitabha, Aksobhya, Bhaisajyaguru, and Vairocana.
What is Theravada?
Theravada is a term used to refer to the oldest existing school of Buddhism. The Pail of Canon contains the main scriptures of Theravada.
Theravada does not promote the authenticity of Mahayana sutras. A part of the modern Theravada is derived from a tradition of the Sri Lankan branch called the Mahavihara order.
Theravada consists of seven stages of purification and considers it to be the path to be followed, which is orthodox, unlike Mahayana.
Theravada is extremely influential in Cambodia, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Vietnam, Laos, India, China, Nepal, Bangladesh. Mauryan kings like Ashoka helped Theravada reach different parts of Southeast Asia.
Main Differences Between Mahayana and Theravada
- Mahayana Buddhists believe in faith time to achieve salvation while Theravada Buddhists believe one has to work out the salvation with diligence.
- Mahayana believes in three words Bodhisattva-yana, Prateka-Buddha-yana, and Sravaka-yana while Theravada believes in Arahant-yana and promotes Arahantship.
Mahayana and Theravada are the main branches of Buddhism. Both follow the deep-rooted teachings of Lord Buddha. The goal of both the branches is similar – to promote the liberation of individuals by search.
The methods to attain liberation are different in every branch. Both the branches rigidly follow the teachings and principles of Buddha without doubt or contradiction.
The fundamental teachings are similar in both the branches like the four Noble Truths, Eightfold Path, the Dependent Origination (Paticca-Samuppada) are the same for both the branches.
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