Difference Between Management and Administration (With Table)

Management and Administration are two words that look so same yet are very very different. If one does a survey he/she should not be surprised if he/she finds out that most people do not know the difference between the two.

Management vs Administration

The difference between Administration and Management is that while the management makes sure that all policies are implemented properly the role of the administration is to formulate these policies and set objectives.

Management is the process that involves the management of people in such an order as to get the goal/target completed/achieved. Management plays an executive role and represents the employees. People involved in the field of management are called managers and work at middle and lower levels of authority in an organization.

The administration is the process carried out by a well-qualified body of individuals to administer an organization. The administration plays a decisive role and they represent the owners/shareholders of the organization. People involved in the field of administration are called administrators and work at the top level of authority in an organization.

Comparison Table Between Management and Administration

Parameters of ComparisonManagementAdministration
DefinitionManagement is the process that involves the management of people in such an order as to get the goal/target completed/achieved. The administration is the process carried out by a well-qualified body of individuals to administer an organization.
Nature of RoleManagement plays an executive role.The Administration plays a decisive role.
RepresentationThe management represents the employees who work for remuneration.The Administration works for the shareholders/owners of the organization who look for a return on their capital invested.
Level of AuthorityMiddle and lower levelsTop level
The Subject of ManagementManagement looks to manage People and their work.The administration aims to manage Resources.
Scope of authorityManagement has a narrow scope of authority as it works under the administration.The administration is the topmost authority of an organization. Therefore, they have a wider scope.
AimMaking sure that plans and actions are put into action.Formulation of policies and setting of objectives.
Main FocusManaging workMaking the best possible use of limited resources.
Work TitleManagerAdministrator

What is Management?

Management is the art of managing people. It involves the implementation of policies and strategies set up by the administration in order to get the work/task/goal/target done on time. It has a narrow scope of authority when compared to the administration as the administration works above management.

The Management works on some important functions namely:

  1. Planning
  2. Organizing
  3. Staffing
  4. Directing
  5. Controlling

It is a goal-oriented activity that aims at attaining the wanted output. It is often referred to as having 5 M’s as its features namely- Men, Machine, Medium, Mission, and Management(Leadership).

An employee who works in this field is known as a Manger, whose job is to get things done and works at the middle or lower levels with an aim to manage people and their work.

The management plays an executive role and represents the employees who work for remuneration. It makes an environment wherein the management and the subordinates can work together and focus on achieving a set goal in the best way possible.

What is Administration?

The Administration is basically a group of people working as the topmost authority of an organization. They are responsible for the formulation of policies, strategies, and rules and regulations.

When compared to management it has a wider scope than management as the management works under administration. They play a decisive role and represent the owners/shareholders of the organization who expect returns on their investments.

Administration lays down the fundamental framework of any organization. This fundamental framework is the framework under which the administration works. It mainly involves coordination and efficient utilization of resources and thus is many times referred to as an art and not a science activity.

While a sales manager working in an organization may aim to complete his target sales. The administration of the organization would be concerned with deciding how much sales should be expected out of him and ensuring that the manager gets sufficient resources to carry out the sales activities.

Major Differences Between Management and Administration

  1. Management is the process that involves the management of people in such an order as to get the goal/target completed/achieved while the administration is the process carried out by a well-qualified body of individuals to administer an organization.
  2. Management plays an executive role while the administration plays a decisive role.
  3. The management represents the employees who work for remuneration whereas the administration represents the owners/shareholders of the organization who expect returns on their investment/capital.
  4. The management works at the middle and lower levels of an organization whereas the administration is the topmost level of authority in an organization.
  5. Management looks to manage People and their work while the administration aims to manage resources in an efficient manner.
  6. Management has a narrow scope of authority as it works under the administration. The administration is the topmost level of authority in an organization and thus the management works under the administration. Therefore we can say that the administration has a wider scope.
  7. The main aim of management is to make sure that the plans, policies, and strategies are implemented properly while the administration is the one that makes these plans, policies, and strategies.
  8. While the management focuses on the completion of tasks and targets the administration focuses on making the best possible use of limited resources.
  9. An individual working in the management is called the Manager while an individual working in the administration is called the administrator.

Conclusion

While almost everyone confuses between management and administration a man with proper knowledge would most certainly know that both these things are far from being the same. While management is the process that involves the management of people in such an order as to get the goal/target completed/achieved while the administration is the process carried out by a well-qualified body of individuals to administer an organization.

The administration has a wider scope of authority than that of management, this is mainly because of the simple fact that management works under the administration. Management plays an executive role while the administration plays a decisive role.

Both of them represent a completely different set of people, while management represents the employees the administration represents the owners/shareholders. An individual who works in these fields is referred to as a manager and an administrator respectively. Thus, with a careful understanding of the two one can make out how different both these words are.

References

  1. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.0033-3298.2005.00465.x
  2. https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=2O09DwAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PR6&dq=management+and+administration+difference&ots=KdljfgefNL&sig=b7Z5g8HRYMKj8Zx55DsNdXVAOIQ
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