Difference Between MBBS and MD (With Table)

Doctors are referred to as the second God because they save the life of other people. And in this COVID-19 era, Doctors are always there without worrying about their life. They are serving other people with kindness and purity without fearing the virus after the engineering profession medical profession is the second most common profession in India chosen by students after their higher secondary level.

MBBS is persuaded after class 12th. It provides you with an undergraduate degree in bachelor of medicine, bachelor of surgery. But if a person wants to become a specialist in something, he or she needs to do MD. The doctor of medicine that is MD is a postgraduate course. By doing this, a person becomes an expert in their specific field of interest.

MBBS vs MD

The difference between MBBS and MD is that MBBS is a course that you pursue after your 12th class if you have taken biology as your main subject after class 10th. While MD is a postgraduate course and it is pursued by those people who want to become specialists in the specific topic after doing their MBBS.

MBBS is referred to as bachelor of medicine, bachelor of surgery which is a baccalaureate course for biology stream students who want to become doctors and serve others. It is the root qualification that one can pursue becoming a doctor, and after that, they can do some postgraduation courses for becoming specialist in that topic.

MD that is the doctor of medicine, is the course pursued after MBBS by eligible students who want to gain expertise in their respective topics. This course is of two years duration where the students learn deeply about their chosen topics. One does more practice when he or she is pursuing MD.

Comparison Table Between MBBS and MD

Parameters of ComparisonMBBSMD
DefinitionMBBS is also referred to as a bachelor of medicine, bachelor of surgery, a baccalaureate course for students who want to become doctors and serve others.MD that is the doctor of medicine, is the course pursued after MBBS by eligible students who want to gain expertise in their respective topics.
Course durationThis course is for 5 and half years, and this also involves a one-year internship. This course is for three years, and it is done after MBBS.
Course typeIt is an undergraduate course.It is a postgraduate course type.
Selection eligibilityThe student should have completed their 12th with PCB or PCMB and should have passed in NEET exam.The eligible student should have completed his or her MBBS, a one-year training, and have qualified NEET PG exam.
Course focusIt focuses on general medicine study. This course is for specialization in medicine and surgery.
Stands for MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery)MD (Doctor of Medicine)

What is MBBS?

MBBS is opted by students who want to serve the nation by becoming a doctor. They become a general physician after getting this degree. MBBS is a five-year course, and after the last year of the course, one had to complete their training for getting a degree.

MBBS syllabus contains pharmacology, anatomy, medicine, and surgery, etc. MBBS is referred to as a Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of surgery. MBBS offers you a bachelor’s degree course after completion, of which one can pursue higher degree courses or postgraduate courses.

Only students who had taken physics, chemistry, and biology or physics, chemistry, mathematics, and biology as their mainstream subjects after 10th are eligible for pursuing MBBS. They also need to qualify NEET exam that is the national eligibility cum entrance test, and should score above the cut-off marks for getting admission into MBBS colleges.

What is MD?

MD course is chosen by those students who have completed their MBBS course and want to become specialists in a particular subject. The doctor of medicine that is MD offers you a postgraduate course with the help of which you can become an expert in your field of interest.

MD course duration is of three years, and it is only for those students who have completed their MBBS course. And also, they need to qualify for the NEET PG exam with a decent rank for getting a good institute for their MD. There are so many subjects available that one can choose for doing specialization, for example, specialization in cardiology, endocrinology, neonatology, etc.

In the MD course, one only needs to study one topic in detail that they have chosen to do their specialization on. After doing this degree, their salary also increases.

Main Differences Between MBBS and MD

  1. MD course duration is of three years, and it is only for those students who have completed their MBBS course. While MBBS is an undergraduate course for students who have chosen to become doctors.
  2. MBBS is a five-year course, and after the last year of the course, one had to complete their training for getting a degree. On the other hand, MD is a three-year course, and there is no need for an internship.
  3. MD is only for those students who have completed their MBBS course and have qualified for the NEET PG exam with a decent rank. While for doing MBBS, one needs to complete their 10+2 with PCB or PCMB and have a qualified NEET exam.
  4. MBBS courses focus on general medicine study. But when one needs to do specialization in a specific topic, they opt for an MD course.
  5. MBBS gets you a bachelor’s degree after completion whereas, one gets a master’s degree after completion of their MD course.

Conclusion

Doctors are fighters as they fight for their patient’s life. Opting for an MBBS degree needs courage and patience as this undergraduate degree is of five-year duration, and you will see a lot of body-related stuff during that degree. After doing MBBS, if one needs to become an expert in their specific field of interest, they go for an MD course which is a three-year course where you do specialization in a specific topic and get a postgraduate degree.

MBBS course pursuing students needs to qualify NEET exam which is an entrance exam for medical students before getting into a good MBBS college. And for an MD degree, one needs to complete their MBBS as well as should have to qualify NEET PG exam with a decent rank.

References

  1. https://acsjournals.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/(SICI)1097-0142(19990201)85:3%3C616::AID-CNCR12%3E3.0.CO;2-7
  2. https://www.annualreviews.org/doi/abs/10.1146/annurev.med.46.1.223
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