Difference Between Mergers and Joint Ventures

Two terms in corporate business and finance are prevalent and familiar if you want to expand your business or gain advantages, technical resources, and money.

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Mergers and Joint Ventures are the terms that help to grow the business successfully, and often, these terms are confused with one other.

Mergers vs. Joint Ventures

A merger occurs in a company when two different companies function as one single company. A joint venture occurs when two different business ventures decide to form a third entity. But the identity of both businesses exists separately. Mergers in a company happen for an extended time, whereas joint ventures happen for a short period.

Mergers vs Joint Ventures

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Mergers mean when two companies of the same size join together to form one. Both companies surrender their stocks to function as one.

A Joint Venture has shared ownership where two companies are owners simultaneously and share profits, returns, risks, and governance.

Comparison Table

Parameters of ComparisonMergersJoint Ventures
CommitmentMergers require a lot of dedication to operate the entity efficiently.Joint Ventures require less commitment when compared to mergers.
TermMergers are for long periods.Joint Ventures are for the short term and are formed for fast projects.
OwnershipIn a merger, ownership of a new entity lies with both the companies’ owners.In a joint venture, ownership is owned by the company that started it.
ScopeMergers have a more extensive range to grow.Joint ventures have minimal scope to grow.
MotiveIn mergers, the motive is to create opportunities and benefits for the company.In a joint venture, the only motive is to reach a specific goal or objective.

What are Mergers? 

Mergers or acquisitions transfer all the units, ownerships, and entities amalgamated into one entity or business. Mergers can be very risky. Almost 50% of mergers fail, according to a study.

Whatever the result, it changes the nature of your business. Mergers happen legally, whereas an acquisition occurs when a big company takes over a small firm’s assets.

There is not much difference between mergers and acquisitions because both result in consolidating stocks and assets to form one enterprise. There can also be a reverse merger when a private company is listed publicly for a short period.

There are various types of mergers. A horizontal merger takes place when two companies are rivals to each other and share the same market. Cogeneric Mergers occur between two businesses with the same customer base.

mergers

What are Joint Ventures?

A joint venture is a term that describes ownership, risks, and profits between two companies. It happens when a company wants to acquire a new market with the help of another company. It is for a short period.

Joint ventures happen when companies want more resources, such as knowledge or technology, far from an individual entity.

Joint ventures involve a dark side, like adverse outcomes and unethical behaviors by companies and organizations with evil intentions. In India, there are no separate laws regarding Joint ventures, and it is treated at par with domestic companies only.

joint ventures

Main Differences Between Mergers and Joint Ventures

  1. Mergers have a larger scope to grow. Joint ventures have minimal scope to grow.
  2. In mergers, the motive is to create opportunities and benefits for the company. In joint ventures, the only motive is to reach a certain goal or an objective.
References
  1. https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.1177/0003603X0104600406
  2. https://heinonline.org/hol-cgi-bin/get_pdf.cgi?handle=hein.journals/antil64&section=33

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