Difference Between Methodist and Lutheran (With Table)

God is one, stated everywhere, but everyone follows different ideas, beliefs in different ways. Like them, two groups of Protestantism established in the different year under different leaders with different beliefs are discussed here. Methodist doctrine under John Wesley was established in the 18th century, whereas Lutheran doctrine was established in the 16th century under the supervision of Martin Luther.

Methodist vs Lutheran 

The main difference between Methodist and Lutheran is the founding year and their beliefs. Methodist doctrine was founded around the 18th century in the year 1784, whereas Lutheran doctrine gave the people holy support in the 16th century, i.e. year was 1517. Martin Luther gave beliefs and a holy place to see God, whereas John Wesley stated humanity in doing good.

Methodism followed by a group of people who derived their doctrine of practice and principle of living from the beliefs and teaching of John Wesly in 1784. All methods followers believe that god Jesus Christ who is the son of God died for humanity, and salvation is available for all everywhere.

Lutheran is the largest part of the protestants group that follows the teachings of Martin Luther, founded in the 16th century. Lutheran supporters support the doctrine of justification. It scripts the final authority of all the matters is faith. They believe that God’s spirit can only be founded in holy places.

Comparison Table Between Methodist and Lutheran

Parameters of ComparisonMethodistLutheran
DefinitionMethodist teachings say that the god Jesus Christ (son of god) is available for all.Lutheran doctrine believes that any individual can be saved from their sins only by God’s grace.
FounderThe founder of Methodist doctrine was John Wesley.Martin Luther was the founder of the Lutheran doctrine
YearMethodist doctrine was established in 1784.Lutheran doctrine was founded in 1517.
Belief on the presence of godMethodist followers believe that god’s spirit is present everywhere.Lutheran followers believe that someone can seek god only in holy places.
Important BeliefThe main focus of them for their followers was to do good.They motivate their followers to creed and belief.

What is Methodist? 

Methodism is also known as the Methodism movement. It is a group of people who are related to the history of protestant Christianity. They follow the life teachings of John Wesley. The other important leader of the movement was George Whitefield and Charles Wesley (John Wesley’s brother). The movement was established in the 18th century in The Church of England and become an individual denomination after the death of Wesley. The Wesley brothers are also the founder of “Holy Club” at “Oxford University.”

Alike all other dominations, the primary fundamental Belief of Methodists is that Jesus Christ and the bible are lords as well as saviors.
The thing which makes the Methodist stand out of the crowd is they use mind and logic in all the matters concerned about faith. John Wesley was used to challenging everyday religious assumptions.

They practice charity. They help poor and average people to reduce their suffering. They help in the form of establishments of hospitals, schools, universities, orphanages, and soup kitchens. Most of their teachings say that Christ died for all humanity, not for a single group, and hence all deserve God’s grace and protection. For them, building and enhancing loving – relationships through social work is an effort for God’s love.

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Wesley and the People Called Methodists: Second Edition
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Methodist Doctrine: The Essentials, Revised Edition
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Wesley and the People Called Methodists: Second Edition
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Methodist Doctrine: The Essentials, Revised Edition
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What is Lutheran? 

Lutheranism is one huge branch among several branches of Protestantism. They follow the teaching and life lessons of Martin Luther. He was a German reformer whose efforts were inclined to reform the practice and theology of the church and who launched the protestant reformation.

 Lutheranism was established in the 16th century. His writings spread internationally, which lead to a big impact on churches and government, and their reaction divided Western Christianity. While reforming, Lutheranism spread out and came forward as the religion of the state like Northern Germany and Nordic Countries. The division of Christians was fundamentally based on two aspects:

  1. The formal principle of the reformation: It is the proper source of authority in the church.
  2. The doctrine of justification: The other name of the doctrine of justification is the material principle of Lutheran theology.

There was an era in Lutheranism which is also known as Lutheran orthodoxy. It began in 1580 with the writing of the Book of Concord and ended with the Age of Enlightenment. The divisions were done in three sections:

  1. Early Orthodoxy in 1580 till 1600.
  2. High Orthodoxy (1600-1685)
  3. Late Orthodoxy (1685-1740)
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The Lutheran Study Bible - Hardback
The Lutheran Study Bible - Hardback
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The Lutheran Study Bible - DuoTone Burgundy Luther's Rose
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Main Differences Between Methodist and Lutheran

  1. Martin Luther was the founder of the Lutheran, whereas John Wesley established and led the Methodist. 
  2. Methodist doctrine was founded around the 18th century in 1784, whereas Lutheran doctrine was established in the 16th century in the year-1517.
  3. Methodism followers believe that God’s spirit can be found everywhere, whereas followers of Lutheran doctrine support the idea that someone can seek God only in holy places.
  4. Lutheran follows and focuses in their lifestyle more on faith and creed while Methodist believes in doing good.
  5. Methodist teachings say that unconverted people have the will of their own in spiritual matters, whereas Lutheran believes that the unconverted people are dead in sins.
  6. Methodists see the scriptures as the source of doctrine, whereas Lutherans seek the bible as the primary source of Christian doctrine.
  7. Methodists support Baptism and Eucharists are spiritual, whereas Lutherans seek them as literals. 

Conclusion

Many things are common and similar, despite that; differences are there in terms of their beliefs, history, and opinions. Maybe they follow different insights, celebrate different festivals, or perform different rituals, but at the end of the tunnel, they all are humans and fellows. They are free to perform their cultures and religion. They follow and practice what they have been taught for years and have faith in them. So respecting the cultures is the only correct way. Different practices don’t make them different but doing evil deeds in the name of their culture is.

References:

  1. https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=FIifdENDfUEC&oi=fnd&pg=PT5&dq=Methodist+Doctrine+and+Lutheran+Doctrine&ots=IMCcZkokLz&sig=ThuJ05VSIRdj0We6VXUj7X4wSoo
  2. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/03468755.2018.1562965

Last update on 2021-04-11 / Amazon Affiliate links / Images from Amazon Product Advertising API