Mind vs Soul: Difference and Comparison

Humans have complexity in their existence, not only in anatomy but also in spirituality; body parts and their functionings are two different thighs. The human body can be said as the amalgamation of mind and soul.


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A person has different organs for different works done in the body and the body. These organs work as machinery in humans, but the spiritual essence of the thinking process is not work done by machinery.

The mechanism of the body is almost similar in every human being like the heart pumps blood; the lungs help to breathe, the brain helps to react, etc.,

But still, every person is said to be different from each others; the reason for this is probably the thinking process and different physical appearance.

People have desires to fulfil, but nobody knows the exact production process. It is believed that when a person admires something, he wants to achieve it, but how that admiration is produced again remains a question.

The thinking process, choices, admiration, beliefs, etc., everything is different in every person, as they have different souls and minds.

Thinking is not the actual mechanism of the brain. Although the brain and mind might be synonymous, they are different.

Key Takeaways

  1. The mind pertains to cognitive processes such as thinking, perception, memory, and consciousness.
  2. The soul is an immaterial, spiritual essence that transcends the physical body.
  3. Debates about the relationship between the mind and soul involve questions of identity, spirituality, and the nature of human existence.

Mind vs Soul

A mind defines thinking and emotions. Mind tells the body how to do something. When a person sleeps his/her mind becomes inactive. A soul is also called the spirit of a person. Soul helps in choosing between right and wrong based on morality. A soul cannot be touched. Without a soul, a person will be considered dead.

Mind vs Soul


Comparison Table

Parameters of comparisonMindSoul
Responsible forThinking, conscious, imagination, emotions, etc.Producing desire, and morality in humans
ExistenceSometimes inactive peopleAlways present
RoleThink, imagine, process, etc.Spiritual purity of humans
Power ofBrainBody
PerceptionsActive when the body is activeInactive when the body is active


What is Mind?

Mind helps shape the training process, consciousness, perceptions, imagination, intelligence, emotions, etc.

It is often referred to as the faculty of thinking. The mind is often confused with the brain, but the brain and mind differ.

Mind is a power of thinking that the brain has; it is just an organ with a mind in it, enabling a person to think wisely and maintain consciousness.

Signals of actions and reactions are chemically transmitted from the brain to other body parts, but how and what to think is a procedure of the mind.

The conversion of thinking or reasoning to action or reaction happens internally in the body. The mind maintains the process of fulfilling desires.

The mind gives the command of anything; it is the mind which decides how things should be achieved. It gives a radical approach and reasoning of actions.

The mind is said to be the universe within the human, the power of the mind is not confined to just thinking regularly or maintaining the body’s consciousness, but it can do wonders if used wisely.

For example, Sir Isaac Newton gave the law of gravity just by a falling apple. His mind forced him to think that some law enables the apple to fall in the same direction every time.  

The path is chosen to fulfil the pleasures and desires, decision-making, reasoning, thinking, etc., all part of the mind’s working. Every living person has a brain, but not every person needs to have a healthy mind.


What is Soul?

The soul is said to be the spiritual nature of a person. The soul is often associated with spirituality, and thus it enables a person to connect with divinity. Every alive person has a soul. There are different theories and perceptions about the soul of a person.

The soul is not any organ of the human body; instead, its presence is more of a hypothetical existence. The soul is the body’s power, enabling the person to produce certain good or bad desires.

All the desires, pleasures, etc., stem from the soul and are often defined as the essence of man. It is considered eternal; the soul distinguishes between right and wrong based on morality.

Unlike the mind, the soul helps a person to categorise things as good and bad spiritually; the soul is intangible and yet very powerful,

there are different theories related to the soul like it is said that when a person is active, the soul is sleeping, and when the person is sleeping soul is active through dreams.

Every living person on earth is said to have a soul.

Without souls, humans would be just a corpse; thus, it is believed that the purity of the soul matters the most, as only pure souls reach the divine, and the rest of them enter new bodies to settle the score of their deeds done by the past life form.   

Soul defines the nature of humans. The soul plays a vital role in the death and birth of a person because it is believed that the soul is the life of the human body.

A person is considered dead when his soul permanently leaves the body. Soul also plays a vital role in things like an exorcism.


Main Differences Between Mind and Soul

  1. Mind is the brain’s power, whereas the soul is the body’s power.
  2. Mind is more radical. On the contrary, the soul is the spiritual essence of a person.
  3. The mind decides the actions to fulfil the desires, but the soul stems the desires.
  4. The mind chooses the path, but souls choose right and wrong based on morality.
  5. The mind is active when a person is active and inactive when the body is inactive, but the soul is inactive when the body is active, and it is active through dreams when the person is sleeping.
Difference Between Mind and Soul

  1. https://brill.com/view/journals/jocc/8/1-2/article-p99_5.xml
  2. https://journals.lww.com/hnpjournal/Fulltext/2001/04000/The_Integration_of_Mind_Body_Soul_and_the_Practice.10.aspx
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