Difference Between Mitosis and Meiosis (With Table)

Human genes are very important. It is a very complicated subject. It comes under genetics. Mitosis and Meiosis play an important role in human reproduction and thus are very important for the chromosome count in the human body. Any complications in that will cause damage to the human DNA, and the impact will become big. 

Mitosis vs Meiosis

The difference between Mitosis and Meiosis is that in mitosis, the cell will be divided into two cells, but on meiosis, the first cell will be divided into two, and the next cell will be divided into two. Together there will be four cells at the end. It is an important process to be carried out in the human body, which will help in human reproduction. 

Mitosis is a process that is responsible for replacing the old cells in the human body with the help of new cells. It is one of the important processes that are to be carried out in the human body. This will help us in the long run of our human life such as it will help in tissue damages. This process not only occurs in human beings but also occurs in plants as well.

Meiosis is a cell in the human body that is important for humans in sexual reproduction. This process should be performed correctly so that the chromosomes in both males and females will be in the correct number. This process occurs in the human body, where the cells that are required for the reproductive systems are present. The cells which are divided in this process are called Haploids. 

Comparison Table Between Mitosis and Meiosis

Parameters of ComparisonMitosisMeiosis
DefinitionThe process is used to divide the single cell into two cells.The process is used to divide two cells into four cells.
Division of cellsIt will be divided into twoIt will be divided into four
Cells involved OneTwo
Cell TypeIdenticalDifferent
Prophase DurationShortLong

What is Mitosis?

Mitosis is a cell that comes in biology. It is a cell that is situated in chromosomes. In this process, the single which are single will be further divided into two cells. It is used so that the cells which are used in the body and have become old will be replaced by new cells. This process should be done by our body at the correct time so that further complications will be avoided in the future, which will affect our DNA.

The process of Mitosis is divided into 5 phases as Interphase, Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase, and Telophase. Each phase plays a significant role. This topic comes under biology. To study this, students should have taken the biology stream in class 11. So that they can pursue this at a higher level. This single cell that divides the cell will be called as parent cell or father cell. And the cells which are further divided in this process are called Daughter cells.

One simple example which can be used to explain mitosis is when a child grows, his cells will also grow. In this, his cells will be further divided into many cells. Thus, it will protect his health in the future. It is an important process that should be carried out so that the old cells will be replaced in the human body. The importance of mitosis in the human body is replacing the cells and the asexual reproduction happening in the body.

What is Meiosis?

Meiosis is also a cell used to divide cells in the human body. The main process of this is to divide the cells according to human requirements. It divides the cells for sperm that is for males, and it divides into egg cells for females. It divided the cells two times. That is, for the first time, the cell will be divided into two. And the next time, the cell will be divided into two. Totally the cell will be divided into four.

The cell which divides in this process will be called the parent cell or father cell, and the cells which are further divided in this process are called daughter cells. So, basically, there will be four daughter cells at the end of the process. It comes under biology. It will be studied further in genetics. To study more about this topic, students should take a genetic stream while going for higher studies.

The process of meiosis is very important as it helps in the sexual reproduction of the human body. It helps in both the female and male reproductive systems. The cells should be properly divided so that the chromosomes will be divided into the correct order. Four stages are involved in the process of Meiosis as Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase, and Telophase.

Main Differences Between Mitosis and Meiosis

  1. In mitosis, the single cell involved in the process will be divided into two cells. In meiosis, the two cells involved in the process will be divided into four cells.
  2. The prophase period involved in mitosis takes a long time to get done. On the other hand, the prophase involved in the meiosis takes a short time to get done.
  3. The process of mitosis involves one anaphase and one metaphase. But the process of meiosis involves one metaphase and two anaphases.
  4. The main use of mitosis is for asexual reproduction in the system. The main use of meiosis is for sexual reproduction in the system.
  5. The process of mitosis not only occurs in the human body but occurs in everything, but the exceptional case in this process will be a virus. But meiosis can occur in all types of organisms, including viruses. 

Conclusion

Both Mitosis and Meiosis play an important role in human reproduction, and they come under genes. To do research on this topic or to study further, students should take the genetic topics in their higher studies. It will be very interesting as well as challenging at the same time. Small damage of this in the human body will create many complications in the future.

The cells should be properly divided into different categories when the child grows. This process is possible not only for human beings because this will be carried out in other organisms as well. It depends upon the type of gene process involved.

References

  1. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0092867487901280
  2. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0092867404009961

x
2D vs 3D