Difference Between MP3 and AAC (With Table)

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MP3 is a more advanced variant of MP2. An MP3 file uses a lossy compression method. The audio quality produced by MP3 files is significantly worse at a given bitrate or when the same bitrate is compared. “Audio Layer 3, MPEG-1” was the initial moniker or abbreviation for MP3 files.

AAC’s expanded form is included in subdivision 4 of the MPEG-4 standard’s third part or part 7 of the MPEG-2 standard. An AAC file uses a lossy compression method. If the same bitrate is used, the audio quality provided by AAC is substantially better than that of MP3. The AAC file’s original name, or abbreviation, is “Advanced Audio Coding.”

MP3 vs AAC

The difference between MP3 and AAC is that MP3 files only have the the.mp3 file extension. The majority of music players on the market are virtual MP3 support files. In comparison to its competitor, MP3 is seen as more portable. AAC files have the following extensions:.aac,.mp4,.3gp,.m4v,.m4r,.m4b,.m4a, and so on. AAC files cannot be played by all music players. Apple’s iPhones and iPods can play AAC files, according to the company. In comparison to its predecessor, AAC is viewed as less portable.

All audio-based formats can be played back using MP3. On MPEG, the audio MIME type is available. MP3 was created by a group of engineers from Europe who worked at Philips, IRT, CCETT, and Fraunhofer. MP3 was first made available to the public on July 7, 1994. MP3 can be thought of as a more advanced form of MP2. An MP3 file’s lossy compression method is used. When compared at the same bitrate, the quality of the audio produced by MP3 files is significantly worse. “Audio Layer 3, MPEG-1” was the initial name or abbreviation for the MP3 files.

Nokia, Sony Corporation, Dolby, AT&T Bell Laboratories, and Fraunhofer IIS collaborated, cooperated, and contributed to the creation of AAC. The first public release of AAC was in 1997. The expanded form of AAC is found in subdivision 4 of the MPEG-4 standard’s third part, as well as in part 7 of the MPEG-2 standard. AAC files use a lossy compression method. If the same bitrate is used, the audio quality delivered by AAC is significantly better than that of MP3. “Advanced Audio Coding” was the initial name or abbreviation for the AAC file.

Comparison Table Between MP3 and AAC

Parameters of ComparisonMP3AAC
File Extension.mp3.aac,.mp4,.3gp,.m4v,.m4r,.m4b,.m4a
PortabilityMore portableLess portable
MIME-typeAudio/MPEGAudio/ mp4, audio/ MP4A-LATM, audio/ mpeg4-generic, audio/3gpp2, audio/ aacp, audio/aac
Audio quality LowerHigher
Extended version of MP2.Subdivision 4 is the third part of the standard of MPEG-4 or also as the MPEG-2 standard in part 7.

What is MP3?

MP3 files have only one file extension:.mp3. The majority of music players on the market are virtual support files for MP3 versions. In comparison to its competitor, MP3 is thought to be more portable. All audio-based formats are supported by MP3. Audio on MPEG is the MIME type that is offered in the case of MP3.

MP3 was created by a group of engineers from Europe who worked for Philips, IRT, CCETT, and Fraunhofer. MP3 was first made available to the general public on July 7, 1994. MP3 can be thought of as a more advanced version of MP2.

In the case of an MP3 file, the algorithm used is a lossy compression. At a particular bitrate or when the same bitrate is compared, the quality of the audio produced by MP3 files is significantly inferior. “Audio Layer 3, MPEG-1” is the original moniker or abbreviation for MP3 files.

What is AAC?

AAC file extensions include.aac,.mp4,.3gp,.m4v,.m4r,.m4b,.m4a, and more. Not every music player is capable of playing AAC files. Apple allows users to play AAC files on their iPhones and iPods. In comparison to its predecessor, AAC is seen to be less portable.

All audio-based formats are supported by AAC. Audio upon mp4, audio upon MP4A-LATM, audio upon mpeg4-generic, audio upon 3gpp2, audio upon aacp, audio upon aac, and audio upon 3gpp are the MIME types accessible in the case of AAC. Nokia, Sony Corporation, Dolby, AT&T Bell Laboratories, and Fraunhofer IIS collaborated, collaborated, and contributed to the creation of AAC.

AAC was first made available to the general public in 1997. AAC’s expanded form is found in subdivision 4 of the MPEG-4 standard’s third part, as well as in part 7 of the MPEG-2 standard. In the case of an AAC file, the lossy compression algorithm is used. If the same bitrate is used, the audio quality provided by AAC is significantly better than that of MP3. The AAC file’s original name or abbreviation is “Advanced Audio Coding.”

Main Differences Between MP3 and AAC

  1. The file extensions of MP3 consists only of .mp3. However, on the other hand, the file extensions of AAC constitute .aac, .mp4, .3gp, .m4v, .m4r, .m4b, .m4a, etc.
  2. Generally, most of the available music players are virtual support files of MP3 versions. On the other hand, not every music player possess the potential to support the files of AAC. The organisation of Apple gives its iPhones and iPods to play AAC files.
  3. MP3 is considered more portable in comparison to its counterpart. On the other hand, AAC is considered less portable in comparison to its counterpart.
  4. MP3 supports all audio-based formats. On the other hand, AAC also supports all audio-based formats.
  5. The MIME type which is available in the case of MP3 is audio upon MPEG. On the other hand, the MIME-type that is available in the case of AAC is audio upon mp4, audio upon MP4A-LATM, audio upon mpeg4-generic, audio upon 3gpp2, audio upon aacp, audio upon aac and audio upon 3gpp.
  6. MP3 was initially developed by a group of people who belonged to Philips, IRT, CCETT and Fraunhofer society specialised in engineering from Europe. On the other hand, when a group of companies like Nokia, Sony Corporation, Dolby, AT&T Bell Laboratories, Fraunhofer IIS collaborated, cooperated and contributed to the development of AAC.
  7. On the 7th of July, MP3 was released in 1994 for use by the public. On the other hand, AAC was released in 1997 when it was made available for public use.
  8. MP3 can be considered as an extended version of MP2. On the other hand, AAC has its extended version as a subdivision 4 in the third part of the standard of MPEG-4 or also as the MPEG-2 standard in part 7.
  9. The algorithm present in the case of an MP3 file is of lossy compression. On the other hand, the algorithm present in the case of an AAC file is of lossy compression.
  10. The quality of the audio produced in the case of MP3 files is of comparatively lower quality at a given bitrate or if the same bitrate is compared. On the other hand, the quality of the audio offered by AAC is of a much better quality as compared to MP3, if the same bitrate is considered.
  11. The original name or the acronym of the MP3 files is “Audio Layer 3, MPEG-1”. On the other hand, the original name or the acronym of the AAC file is “Advanced Audio Coding”.

Conclusion

The .mp3 file extension is unique to MP3 files. Virtual MP3 support files are found in the majority of music players on the market. MP3 is thought to be more portable than its competition. MP3 can be used to playback any audio-based format. The audio MIME type is supported by MPEG. MP3 was developed by a group of European engineers from Philips, IRT, CCETT, and Fraunhofer. In 1994, on July 7th, MP3 was made available to the general audience.

AAC file extensions include.aac,.mp4,.3gp,.m4v,.m4r,.m4b, and.m4a, among others. AAC files are not supported by all music players. Apple’s iPhones and iPods can play AAC files. In comparison to its predecessor, AAC is deemed less portable. All audio-based formats are likewise supported by AAC. When Nokia, Sony Corporation, Dolby, AT&T Bell Laboratories, and Fraunhofer IIS collaborated, cooperated, and contributed to the development of AAC. AAC was first made available to the public in 1997.

References

  1. http://www.aes.org/e-lib/browse.cfm?elib=8079
  2. https://www.worldscientific.com/doi/abs/10.1142/9789812704337_0062
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