Difference Between MS SQL and MySQL (With Table)

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Structured Query Language or SQL is a programming language that is used to retrieve, tamper, and use information and content from the database. The server and patent of the SQL server are held and controlled by Microsoft. Some people are always confused regarding how they must differentiate between MS SQL and MySQL.

MS SQL vs MySQL

The difference between MS SQL and MySQL is that MS SQL is developed, controlled, and maintained by Microsoft, whereas MySQL is developed, controlled, and maintained by a company known as Oracle. One of the distinguishing differences between the two is that MS SQL is not an open-source and free server, whereas MySQL is an open-source and free service that is accessible to every user.

MS SQL or Microsoft SQL is a server developed by Microsoft in the year 1989. It is one of the famous database servers that is used for storing and maintaining data and content of various software applications. One of the major features of MS SQL is that it is written and composed in C and C++ programming languages.

MySQL is a database server owned and maintained by a famous company known as Oracle. One of the major merits of using MySQL is it is open-source software and server. It is also written in programming languages of C and C++.

Comparison Table Between MS SQL and MySQL

Parameters of ComparisonMS SQLMySQL
Owning CompanyMS SQL is owned, controlled, and maintained by Microsoft.MySQL is owned, controlled, and maintained by a company called Oracle.
Data ManipulationOne of the major features of MS SQL is that it does not allow any kind of data manipulation as it is a highly secured server.MySQL is not a highly secured server hence there may be some data manipulation.
Languages supportedThe coding languages that are supported by MS SQL are Python, C++, and Delphi.C and Haskey are the coding languages that are supported by MySQL.
Cost efficiencyMS SQL is not an open-source and free source or server.MySQL is an open-source and free source or server.
Editions availableThere are a large number of editions available for MS SQL. The major editions available are Standard, Business intelligence, and Enterprise.There are only limited editions available for MySQL like Enterprise and Community.
LicenseThe license of MS SQL is Proprietary software.The license of MySQL is GPLv2.

What is MS SQL?

MS SQL is an RDBMS type of server that is owned, controlled, maintained by Microsoft. It was founded in the year 1988 and is used for storing and retrieving data and content of different software applications and games. SQL server– 2012, 2014, 2016, 2017, and 2019 are supported and held by Microsoft to date.

It is one of the most popular database servers all around the world. One of the major disadvantages of using MS SQL is that it is not an open-source and free server and is not as cost-effective as MySQL. The major advantages of using MS SQL are:-

  • One of the primary advantages of using MS SQL is its enhanced and activated performance capacity.
  • Another major merit of MS SQL is the availability of several editions.
  • The installation and maintenance charges and process of MS SQL is cheap and easy.
  • It is also a highly secured server that does not allow any file manipulation.

The major disadvantages of using MS SQL are:-

  • There are multiple versions of MS SQL that turn out to be very costly.
  • The user does not have full control but partial control over the server.

What is MySQL?

MySQL is a database server that is owned, controlled, and maintained by Oracle. It was founded in the year 1995, 7 years after the invention of MS SQL. MySQL is popular among a large number of users since it is an open-source and free service that is accessible to every user.

The major advantages of using MySQL are:-

  • The scalability required is provided by MySQL, which is one of the key advantages of MySQL.
  • The installation time of MySQL is less than 45 minutes; hence it is usable from Day 1 itself.
  • The flexibility and boon of being an open-source serve as a merit of using MySQL.

The major disadvantages of using MySQL are:-

  • MySQL is not able to maintain and control a huge amount of data and may be prone to data manipulation.
  • The nature of MySQL is such that it does not favor huge databases effectively.

It is also a high-performing server that facilitates various transactions and actions effectively. Many people prefer using it over MS SQL due to its high cost-efficiency as well.

Main Differences Between MS SQL and MySQL

  1. MS SQL is owned, controlled, and maintained by Microsoft Corporation, whereas the MySQL server is owned, controlled, and maintained by Oracle.
  2. MS SQL is a highly secured server that does not allow any kind of data manipulation in the application, whereas MySQL is not as secured as MS SQL; hence data corruption may take place in the application.
  3. MS SQL is not an open-source server. On the other hand, MySQL is an open-source and free server.
  4. The coding languages supported by MS SQL are C, C++, and Delphi, whereas the coding languages supported by MySQL are C and Haskey.
  5. There are a large number of editions available for MS SQL. On the other hand, only limited editions are available for MySQL.

Conclusion

Yes, there are a large number of similarities that exist between the two renowned servers known as MS SQL and MySQL, but there are a large number of differences also. Both the servers have their own merits and demerits, and a person must choose between taking into consideration his/her needs and expectations.

People who have a low budget and can afford with some extent of data manipulation must choose MySQL, whereas a person or corporation having an adequate budget and cannot afford any data manipulation must go for MS SQL. Both the servers are well-known and have their pros and cons, so one must make a wise choice before arriving at any decision.

References

  1. https://search.proquest.com/openview/043dc2ba44441390b62e47da017544c0/1?pq-origsite=gscholar&cbl=1536338
  2. https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Jerzy-Letkowski/publication/271910489_Doing_database_design_with_MySQL/links/54dd41bf0cf282895a3b5175/Doing-database-design-with-MySQL.pdf
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