MS SQL vs MySQL: Difference and Comparison

Structured Query Language or SQL is a programming language that is used to retrieve, tamper, and use information and content from the database. Microsoft holds and controls the server and patent of the SQL server.

Key Takeaways

  1. MS SQL is a proprietary relational database management system (RDBMS) developed by Microsoft.
  2. MySQL is an open-source RDBMS, now owned by Oracle, widely used in web applications.
  3. Both systems offer similar functionality, but MS SQL is better suited for Windows-based environments, while MySQL is platform-independent and more cost-effective.

MS SQL vs MySQL

MS SQL is a relational database management system server that was released in 1988 and is owned and maintained by Microsoft. The server is used to store and retrieve content and data for different apps. MySQL is a database server that has been controlled and maintained by Oracle since 1995.

MS SQL vs MySQL

MS SQL or Microsoft SQL is a server developed by Microsoft in the year 1989. It is one of the famous database servers that is used for storing and maintaining data and content of various software applications.

MySQL is a database server owned and maintained by a famous company known as Oracle. One of the major merits of using MySQL is it is open-source software and server. It is also written in programming languages of C and C++.

Comparison Table

Parameters of ComparisonMS SQLMySQL
Owning CompanyMS SQL is owned, controlled, and maintained by Microsoft.MySQL is owned, controlled, and maintained by a company called Oracle.
Data ManipulationOne of the major features of MS SQL is that it does not allow any data manipulation as it is a highly secured server.MySQL is not a highly secured server; hence, some data may be manipulated.
Languages supportedThe coding languages that are supported by MS SQL are Python, C++, and Delphi.C and Haskey are the coding languages that MySQL supports.
Cost efficiencyMS SQL is not an open-source and free source or server.MySQL is an open-source and free source or server.
Editions availableThere are a large number of editions available for MS SQL. The major editions available are Standard, Business intelligence, and Enterprise.There are only limited editions available for MySQL, like Enterprise and Community.
LicenseThe license of MS SQL is Proprietary software.The license of MySQL is GPLv2.

What is MS SQL?

MS SQL is an RDBMS type of server that is owned, controlled, and maintained by Microsoft. It was founded in the year 1988 and is used for storing and retrieving data and content of different software applications and games.

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One of the major disadvantages of using MS SQL is that it is not an open-source and free server and is not as cost-effective as MySQL. The major advantages of using MS SQL are:-

  • The installation and maintenance charges and process of MS SQL is cheap and easy.
  • It is also a highly secured server that does not allow any file manipulation.

The major disadvantages of using MS SQL are:-

  • Multiple versions of MS SQL turn out to be very costly.
  • The user does not have full control but partial control over the server.
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What is MySQL?

MySQL is a database server that is owned, controlled, and maintained by Oracle. It was founded in the year 1995, 7 years after the invention of MS SQL. MySQL is popular among a large number of users since it is an open-source and free service that is accessible to every user.

The major advantages of using MySQL are:-

  • The installation time of MySQL is less than 45 minutes; hence it is usable from Day 1 itself.
  • The flexibility and boon of being an open-source serve as a merit of using MySQL.

The major disadvantages of using MySQL are:-

  • MySQL is not able to maintain and control a huge amount of data and may be prone to data manipulation.
  • The nature of MySQL is such that it does not favour huge databases effectively.

It is also a high-performing server that facilitates various transactions and actions effectively. Many people prefer using it over MS SQL due to its high cost-efficiency as well.

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Main Differences Between MS SQL and MySQL

  1. The coding languages supported by MS SQL are C, C++, and Delphi, whereas the coding languages supported by MySQL are C and Haskey.
  2. There are a large number of editions available for MS SQL. On the other hand, only limited editions are available for MySQL.
Difference Between MS SQL and MySQL
References
  1. https://search.proquest.com/openview/043dc2ba44441390b62e47da017544c0/1?pq-origsite=gscholar&cbl=1536338
  2. https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Jerzy-Letkowski/publication/271910489_Doing_database_design_with_MySQL/links/54dd41bf0cf282895a3b5175/Doing-database-design-with-MySQL.pdf
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Last Updated : 11 June, 2023

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17 thoughts on “MS SQL vs MySQL: Difference and Comparison”

  1. I believe the article presents an objective analysis of MS SQL and MySQL, allowing readers to form informed opinions on which system may suit their specific needs best.

    Reply
  2. As an expert in database systems, I find the article insightful and accurate. It provides a balanced view of both MS SQL and MySQL, and I appreciate the depth of the analysis.

    Reply
  3. The article’s coverage of MS SQL and MySQL is highly valuable. The detailed comparisons and explanations provide a comprehensive understanding of both systems.

    Reply
    • I appreciate the article’s focus on practical implications, allowing professionals to assess how these systems align with their operational requirements.

      Reply
    • The explanation of the advantages and disadvantages of each system is insightful, making it easier for readers to make informed decisions.

      Reply
  4. The article’s detailed analysis of MS SQL and MySQL is commendable. It provides a balanced perspective and is an essential resource for database professionals and enthusiasts.

    Reply
    • The article offers valuable insights, and it’s evident that the author has effectively addressed key aspects of both MS SQL and MySQL.

      Reply
  5. I disagree with the assessment that MySQL may be prone to data manipulation. It has robust security and can handle large databases effectively.

    Reply
  6. The article offers a detailed examination of MS SQL and MySQL, allowing readers to appreciate the advantages and disadvantages of each system. Very informative.

    Reply
    • The comparison table was particularly helpful, providing a clear overview of the key differences and features of both systems.

      Reply
    • I concur, the article’s structure and depth of information are commendable. A valuable resource for those interested in database management systems.

      Reply
  7. I found the information in the article highly informative and helpful. Well-researched and detailed explanations on the differences between both MS SQL and MySQL. Great comparison table.

    Reply
    • I agree, the article provides a comprehensive understanding of the subject matter, and it’s helpful for anyone looking to gain insights into both systems.

      Reply

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