Difference Between Node.js and Python

Node.js is an open-source server environment and uses JavaScript to run the programs. It runs on various Operating Systems like Linux, Windows, Mac OS, etc.

It is one of the most used programming languages which is used to create various computer and web programs, especially the complex ones due to its readability and its dynamic, functional, and procedural performance.

Comparison Table Between Node.js and Python

Parameter of ComparisonNode.jsPython
Based onJavaScriptC
TypeOpen-Source EnvironmentGeneral Programming Language
Founded on20091989
Founded byRyan DahlGuido van Rossum
Current DevelopersOpen JS FoundationBarry Warsaw, Brett Cannon, Carol Willing, Thomas Wouters, and Pablo Galindo Salgado. They are called the Steering Council.

What is Node.js?

Node.js is essentially a free and open-source platform, and it runs on the V8 JavaScript engine (as denoted by “.js”, pointing to the concerned file).

Node.js is especially liked by those who are looking for a way to expedite the development process for bigger applications. Node.js is used by many tech giants such as IBM, Microsoft, LinkedIn, SAP, etc.

Node.js replaces PHP, being used primarily for building network programs. This is because Node.js can execute programs all at the same time, while PHP executes commands one after the other.

Ryan Dahl, the author of Node.js, didn’t like the limitations on the web servers. They weren’t able to handle larger concurrent connections and sequences, and hence got blocked.

What is Python?

Python is a very popular programming language used for creating web and software applications, creating workflows, and read and edit files.

Its key features are that its object-oriented, procedural, functional, and structured and it supports multiple paradigms. It executes as fast as the code has been written.

Python is also an open-source software which makes it easy to access for any individual or any commercial purpose. Python is developed on C programming language and hence can use modules from C.

Although, like most of the programming languages it also has problems like in indentation syntax bugs are hard to detect if you make the slightest accidental misalignment.

Main Differences Between Node.js and Python

  1. Syntax. Node.js is built to handle asynchronous input-output. Python does have async. I/O features but In Python, you'll find only limited pieces available in async.
  2. Correction of problems. The Node package installer (NPM), is considered to be newer and better.
  3. Complex Actions. Node.js is surely newer and has more threads but this doesn’t mean that Python can’t handle complex processes.
  4. Operation Procedure. In Python, code is executed just after the code line ends, which is a prime feature in contrast to Node.js which handles requests one after another.
  5. Learning it. You can start learning Python from today, even if you don’t have any prior knowledge of computer languages.
Difference Between Node.js and Python

Conclusion

Both Node.js and Python are exquisite programming languages. There is no such debate on what is better, both are great in themselves.

Node.js is very much used nowadays due to its a-synchronized syntax and is faster and lighter. It is a widely used mini platform. It makes throughput and scalable web applications.

Python, on the other hand, is a multi-paradigm, object-oriented programming language. It can be used to create both web and software applications.

And yes, I would advise you not to switch between Python and Node.js simultaneously, one for the back end and the other for the front end.

References

  1. https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/5617064/
  2. https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/7023652/
  3. https://books.google.co.in/books?hl=en&lr=&id=M2D5nnYlmZoC&oi=fnd&pg=PT31&dq=python+for+web+development&ots=vZUJIudULO&sig=qoUfCxU5aSEDOtAF0woQ0KMhdf4#v=onepage&q=python%20for%20web%20development&f=false
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