Difference Between Obsession and Compulsion (With Table)

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Obsessions are feelings or emotions that cause disturbances in the daily life of an individual. These disturbances might ultimately result in wasting an individual’s time in the daily routine. Compulsions, on the other hand, are the responses to obsessive thoughts produced by the mind to get rid of such thoughts.

Obsession vs Compulsion

The main difference between obsessions and compulsions is that the former causes anxiety and distress at times and the latter helps to get rid of these kinds of emotional disturbances. Obsessions might cause a person to do things in a certain manner or might come as the urge to do something which is not needed necessarily and compulsions can make a person ritualistic eventually.

Obsessions are the repetitive ideas or thoughts that one might face. These feelings can cause a change in the routine of a person. The fact that is disturbing about obsessions is that a person will know about the changes in the behavior and that the obsessions are ultimately a wastage of time, but still, the individual won’t feel the urge to discontinue those habits.

On the other hand, compulsions are the resulting behaviors for obsessions. These emotions can make a person quite ritualistic as well as instill fear in the mind that if a particular task is not performed, the individual might face some difficulties up ahead in the day.

Comparison Table Between Obsession and Compulsion

Parameters of CompulsionObsessionCompulsion
Range of Emotions Obsessions are way more disgusting than others because it causes stress, anxiety, and depression at times. Since compulsions are a cure to the former, they cause relief and sometimes happiness of the feeling that one has got rid of a terrible feeling.
Extent of Danger These can be more dangerous as they pour a lot of emotions into the mind and can be perturbing. They are not dangerous but can be worrisome if they a person repeats the same habit multiple times.
Taboo Behavior Acting violently at normal things, fear about sexual emotions being wrong, etc. Checking everything multiple times, being ritualistic at the slightest of things
Types They are mostly related to contamination, sexual thoughts, violence, illness, etc. Mental compulsions, cleaning compulsions, checking compulsions, etc.
Other diseases Mental disorders like depression, obsessive jealousy, eating disordersCompulsions don’t cause diseases but result in doing a single task multiple times like washing hands twice/three before eating

What is Obsession?

To be obsessed about something means to adopt some habits which seem to instill in the mind a feeling of disgust, fear, or anxiety. One does not want to experience those feelings but they come into the mind in some or another way.

There can be different forms of obsessions. Obsessions towards contamination can cause a person to be more concerned about the body fluids going out of the body in the right way. One doesn’t need to worry about them getting out of the body in the right way because the body is going to work as naturally as it does, but still, these kinds of obsessions might lead to the rise or dip in the hormones of the body.

Obsessions about taboo behaviors can be extremely disappointing at times. The person might be forced by the mind to be indulged in activities like behaving violently towards others even when not needed, sexually inclined thoughts that a person does want to think of, and even the thoughts that one can offend God by some actions.

Obsessions towards some things might seem to be very engaging and enjoyable. But eventually, those emotions are a wastage of time. People fail to realize that too much of something might lead to a disaster at some point in time.

What is Compulsion?

Compulsions can help an individual to get rid of obsessions. Of course, these compulsions are a fantastic way to steer out some negative emotions in the body. But these feelings too might bring a sense of fear at some point in time that if not done, then, there might be something ill-omen about to happen on the same day.

Since the compulsions are responses to obsessions, they might take up a lot of time. The person will most probably enjoy the moments but repeating these behaviors can keep the individual in a single work and waste a lot of time in due course. Compulsions bring relief to a person’s mind as they help to get rid of the obsessions and are usually short-lived.

Behavioral compulsions might bring some bad habits to a person. For example, if a person is going out, he checks the lock of the door multiple times. Now, this habit might seem good at times, but is sustained for a long period, people around the person might be irritated by these acts.

Performing some tasks that are necessarily not needed before doing something is another example of compulsion. The compulsions, on one hand, help to get rid of obsessions, but on the other hand, these emotions or behaviors are one of the prime reasons that make an individual ritualistic, superstitious or mythical.

Main Differences Between Obsession and Compulsion

  1. Obsessions can force one to think of something unpleasant and full of distress while compulsions help to get rid of the obsessive thoughts that come to one’s mind.
  2. Obsessions being distressful thoughts last for a longer time, while the compulsions are short-lived as compared to the former.
  3. Obsessions might lead a person to think that he/she is suffering from a disease, even when the person is in a good state of mind, while compulsions might lead to a person checking his/her body multiple times even when the person is alright.
  4. Purely obsessive thoughts might lead to a strike in blood pressure as it shocks the mental stability of a person, while compulsive thoughts can be managed by explaining to the person that it is normal to behave likewise in some situations, but not all the time.
  5. Purely obsessive thoughts can lead to a disorder named OCD (Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder) while compulsions are a way of treating the disorder.

Conclusion

Feelings and emotions play a vital role in humans. It is the gateway to experience and communicate effectively. Two strong emotions are obsession and compulsion.

Thus, obsessions might bring to one’s mind a feeling of distress and make a person panic even in a normal situation. Compulsions on the other hand help to calm down the mind by performing a task not once, but multiple times, so that the mind gets used to it. So, these two culminate in a vicious cycle and the former cannot be got rid of until the ritual is performed.

References

  1. https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.02370/full
  2. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/cpp.292
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