Difference Between Obstetrics and Gynecology (With Table)

Obstetrics and Gynecology are both medical practices related to providing medical and surgical care to women. Thus, both Obstetricians and Gynecologists specialize in taking medical care of women. Although Obstetrics and Gynecology are both similar medical practices, they differ from each other in many ways. 

Obstetrics vs Gynecology 

The difference between Obstetrics and Gynecology is that-Obstetrics is a medical practice where the doctor deals with pregnancy and other birth-related issues. Gynecology, on the other hand, is a medical practice in which the doctor deals with female reproductive issues.  

Obstetrics is a medical practice where the doctor deals with pregnancy and other birth-related issues of a pregnant woman. The doctor deals with matters like childbirth, delivery, and labour, puerperium, post-natal care. They take care of the pregnant woman and also the unborn baby. An Obstetrician ensures that the delivery and labour process takes place without any complications.  

Gynecology is a medical practice where the doctor deals with issues related to the female reproductive system. The doctors deal with issues related to a pap smear, vaginal infection, infection in the uterus, fertility problems, contraception, and others. They can also treat problems related to the bladder and bowel. Gynecologists take medical care of women and their reproductive system. 

Comparison Table Between Obstetrics and Gynecology

  Parameters of Comparison   Obstetrics   Gynecology  
  Specialization   Obstetricians specialize in dealing with pregnancy and birth-related issues of pregnant women and also takes care of their unborn babies.   Gynecologists specialize in dealing with issues related to the female reproductive system. 
  Issues   Deals with matters related to childbirth, delivery and labour, post-natal care, and others.   Deals with issues related to a pap smear, vaginal infection, infection in the uterus, fertility problems, contraception, and others.  
 Association  Associated to deal with pregnancy-related issues in a woman.   Associated to deal with non-pregnancy-related reproductive issues in women.  
 Care   Takes medical care of a pregnant woman and their unborn baby. Also provides them with post-natal care.   Takes medical care of the reproductive organs of a woman. Also performs surgical procedures on reproductive organs.  
 Reproductive organs   Cannot treat reproductive issues in women except for birth-related issues or issues during pregnancy.   Specializes in taking medical care of the female reproductive organs. 

What is Obstetrics? 

Obstetrics is a medical practice where the doctor deals with pregnancy and other birth-related issues of pregnant women and their unborn babies. Obstetricians cannot deal with matters related to the female reproductive system. They are only associated with pregnancy and birth-related issues.  

The doctor deals with matters related to childbirth, delivery, and labour, puerperium, post-natal care. During pregnancy, a lot of complications like ectopic pregnancy, pre-eclampsia can occur. Obstetricians ensure that the delivery and labour process takes place without any complications.   

Even after the delivery has been completed successfully, the Obstetricians take medical care and keep the mother and their newborn baby under observation for six weeks after the birth of the baby. The doctor provides them with post-natal care. 

What is Gynecology? 

Gynecology is a medical practice where the doctor deals with issues related to the female reproductive system. In contrast to Obstetricians, Gynecologists do not deal with issues related to pregnancy. However, they take medical care of any concerns related to the female reproductive system.  

The doctor deals with concerns regarding a pap smear, vaginal infection, infection in the uterus, fertility problems, contraception, and others. Gynecology diagnoses and treats these issues of the female reproductive system. Other matters related to menstruation pain, irregular periods, menopause, problems related to bladder and bowel can also be dealt with by Gynecologists.  

The Gynecologists perform surgeries on the female reproductive organs and ensure that the female body is medically well taken care of.   

Main Differences Between Obstetrics and Gynecologists

  1. Obstetrics is a medical practice where the doctor deals with pregnancy and other birth-related issues. Gynecology, on the other hand, is a medical practice in which the doctor deals with female reproductive issues.  
  2. Obstetricians are only associated with pregnancy and birth-related issues. In contrast to Obstetricians, Gynecologists do not deal with issues related to pregnancy.   
  3. Obstetricians cannot deal with matters related to the female reproductive system. Gynecologists, on the other hand, take medical care of any concerns related to the female reproductive system.  
  4. The Obstetrician deals with matters related to childbirth, delivery, and labour, puerperium, post-natal care. The Gynecologist, on the other hand, deals with concerns regarding a pap smear, vaginal infection, infection in the uterus, fertility problems, contraception, and others.  
  5. Even after the delivery has been completed successfully, the Obstetricians take medical care and keep the mother and their newborn baby under observation for six weeks after the birth of the baby. On the other hand, Gynecology diagnoses and treats these issues of the female reproductive system.  
  6. During pregnancy, a lot of complications like ectopic pregnancy, pre-eclampsia can occur. Obstetricians ensure that the delivery and labour process takes place without any complications. On the other hand, Gynecologists perform surgeries on the female reproductive organs and ensure that the female body is medically well taken care of.  

Conclusion 

Obstetrics and Gynecology are both medical practices related to providing medical and surgical care to women. Thus, both Obstetricians and Gynecologists specialize in taking medical care of women. Although Obstetrics and Gynecology are both similar medical practices, they differ from each other in many ways. 

Obstetrics is a medical practice where the doctor deals with pregnancy and other birth-related issues of a pregnant woman. The doctor deals with matters related to childbirth, delivery, and labour, puerperium, post-natal care. During pregnancy, a lot of complications like ectopic pregnancy, pre-eclampsia can occur. Obstetricians ensure that the delivery and labour process takes place without any complications. 

Gynecology is a medical practice where the doctor deals with issues related to the female reproductive system. The doctor deals with concerns regarding a pap smear, vaginal infection, infection in the uterus, fertility problems, contraception, menstruation pain, irregular periods, menopause, problems related to bladder and bowel can also be dealt with by Gynecologists. The Gynaecologists perform surgeries on the female reproductive organs and ensure that the female body is medically well taken care of.   

The main difference between Obstetrics and Gynecology is that they deal with different aspects of a female body. 

References 

  1. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0002937806006788 
  2. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/0029784494004116 
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