Several massive invasions have occurred in the history of the World. Some of these invasions continue even today. OEF and OIF refer to two such invasions led by the United States of America against Afghanistan and Iraq respectively. While some may confuse both the invasions to be similar, they vary on several grounds.
OEF vs OIF
The main difference between oef and oif is that while oef was a US led invasion against terrorist forces in Afghanistan, oif was a US led invasion in Iraq. The main aim of Operation Enduring Freedom was to counter global terrorism. In contrast, the proposed aim of Operation Iraqi Freedom was to avoid Iraq from possessing weapons of mass destruction.
OEF refers to the invasion carried out by the United States of America in Afghanistan against militant groups including Al Qaeda and the Talibans. The operation was joined by the United Kingdom, and Afghanistan. Initially named as Operation Infinite Justice, the operation has been criticised by several human rights organisations for its arrogance and imperialism. However, the violent approach adopted by the US army was criticised by the Human Rights Watch in 2004.
OIF was an invasion of Iraq launched by the United States of America. Although the invasion was not sanctioned by the United Nations Organisation, it was soon joined by more than 40 countries under the Coalition of the willing. Although the Government of Saddam Husain in Iraq fell swiftly, the US has not been able to pacify Iraq. The US invasion of Iraq was considered a massive failure both politically and militarily.
Comparison Table Between OEF and OIF
|Parameters of Comparison||OEF||OIF|
|Full Form||Operation Enduring Freedom||Operation Iraqi Freedom|
|Start Date||Operation Enduring Freedom commenced from 7 October 2001.||Operation Iraqi Freedom commenced on 20 March 2003.|
|Target Country||OEF was a US invasion against terrorists in Afghanistan.||OIF was a US invasion against Iraq.|
|Outcome||OEF ended with the killing of Osama Bin Laden and the overthrowing of the Taliban regime.||OIF ended with the fall of Saddam Hussein’s government and weapons of mass destruction.|
|End Date||OEF lasted till 31 December 2014.||OIF ended on 15 December 2011.|
What is OEF?
OEF stands for Operation Enduring Freedom. OEF was an invasion led by The United States of America to counter global terrorism headed by the President George W. Bush. The term primarily revolves around the War in Afghanistan. The war commenced from 7 October 2001 and lasted till 31 December 2014.
Operation Enduring Freedom was initiated as a response by the United States to the attacks launched by Al Qaeda and the Taliban on 11 September . The primary objectives of OEF included the seizure of terrorism in Afghanistan, and the imprisonment of al-Qaeda leaders.
OEF was initially called Operation Infinite Justice. However, it was scrapped off to avoid any offence to the Muslim majority in Afghanistan. The operation was joined by the United Kingdom, and Afghanistan. The outcome was the Operation Enduring Freedom was the removal of Taliban from power and crippling of Al-Qaeda and associated forces.
However, the operation has been criticized for several reasons. Some people suggest that the operation should have been named Infinite Imperialism, Infinite Arrogance, and Infinite Injustice. The violent approach adopted by the US army was criticized by the Human Rights Watch in 2004. Thus, there are mixed opinions about Operation Enduring Freedom.
What is OIF?
OIF refers to Operation Iraqi Freedom. Operation Iraqi freedom commenced on 20 March 2003 with airstrikes on the presidential residence of Saddam Hussain. OIF was an invasion of Iraq launched by the United States of America. The US was, in fact, joined by 40 other countries under the coalition of the willing started by it.
The proposed objective of US behind the Iraqi invasion was to prevent the production of weapons of mass destruction in Iraq. However, no evidence of such weapons was found in the Iraqi province. Consequently, it was speculated that there were other malicious intentions by the invasion such as the installation of a US friendly regime and the control of Iraqi Oil Fields.
The US invasion of Iraq was considered a massive failure both from the political and military perspective. While the war led to the loss of around 3000 US military personnel, approximately 50,000 Iraqi civilians lost their lives in the invasion. Although Saddam Hussain’s government fell briskly, the United States of America has failed to bring peace in Iraq.
After the initial combat operations, the focus of the US government shifted to assisting new Iraqi leadership to improve security, establish an effective system of governance, and foster economic development. Operation Iraqi Freedom finally ended on 15 December 2011.
Main Differences Between OEF and OIF
- While the full form of OEF is Operation Enduring Freedom , the full form of OIF is Operation Iraqi Freedom.
- Operation Enduring Freedom commenced from 7 October 2001, Operation Iraqi Freedom commenced on 20 March 2003.
- OEF was a US invasion against terrorists in Afghanistan. On the other hand, OIF was a US invasion against Iraq.
- OEF ended with the killing of Osama Bin Laden and the overthrowing of the Taliban regime. On the other hand, OIF ended with the fall of Saddam Hussein’s government and weapons of mass destruction.
- OEF ended on 31 December 2014 and OIF ended on 15 December 2011.
To conclude, OEF and OIF were military invasions led by the US that vary on several grounds. While Operation Enduring Freedom was initiated to curb terrorism on an international scale, Operation Iraqi Freedom was led to prevent the production of WMDs. However, there were several hidden motives behind the invasion.
Nonetheless, both OEF and OIF led to massive bloodshed and loss of lives. This was accompanied by severe traumatic illness in several survivors of the invasions. Thus, both OEF and OIF are worth criticism from a humanitarian perspective.