Difference Between Olive Oil and Canola Oil (With Table)

Oil is not just a thing in cooking. Around hundreds of types of oil are present on the earth. From cooking to cleaning, oil is the mandatory one. So it is primary to the difference and production procedures of each oil we are using daily. The oil is the one that makes the fry tasty and makes us cool by applying it to our bodies.

Olive Oil vs Canola Oil

The difference between Olive Oil and Canola Oil is their saturated fats. Olive oil has less saturated fats when compared to canola oil. Canola oil provides more saturated fats. Canola oil has more monosaturated and polyunsaturated fat content than olive oil. Both of them have similar nutrient content and provide more nutrients to the intakers. Olive oil has more vitamin E and vitamin K content when compared to canola oil.

The fruit Olea europaea from the family Oleaceae is the major resource for olive oil. The olive is obtained by pressing the olives and extracting the oil from it. Olive oil is mainly used for frying and salad making. In the production of cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, and soaps olive oil is used as raw material. Some religious also use olive oil for various purposes. For traditional oil lamps, oil is used as fuel. In Mediterranean cuisine, olive oil is one of the core plants. Most of the olive trees are present in the Mediterranean basin.

Canola oil is extracted from rapeseeds. Canola oil is a highly unsaturated and healthy oil. Canola oil has a high amount of omega 3 acid and alpha acids. It helps in your diet maintenance. It protects your heart from various heart diseases. Heart patients are recommended to use canola oil in their diet. the usage of canola oil may reduce the risk of heart problems.

Comparison Table Between Olive Oil and Canola Oil

Parameters of compariosnOlive oilCanola oil
AromaOlive oil has less aromaCanola oil has more aroma
FlavorsOlive oil needs to add extra flavorsCanola oil does not need to add extra flavors
Smoke pointThe smoke point of olive oil is 375° FThe smoke point of canola oil is 457° F
ColorLight yellow to greenLight yellow
Consumer perceptionOlive oil suggested by 62% of peopleCanola oil suggested by 38%of people

What is Olive Oil?

From the 8th century, olive trees are grown in the Mediterranean. Half of the global olive production is done by Spain, and the remaining half production of olive oil is in Italy, Tunisia, Greece, and Turkey. Greece stood first place in the consumption of olive oil and followed by Itlay and Spain. Depending on the cultivar, the composition of the olive oil varies. Olive oil has 83% of oleic acid, 21% of linoleic acid, and 20% of palmitic acid.

In Mediterranean cuisine, olive oil has a special place and a common ingredient. In ancient Greek and Roman cuisine, olive oil has a separate place. In the 8th millennium, Neolithic people are the first to pick olive leaves and extract the oil. Not only in food but olive oil is also used for various purposes. Ancient Greeks used olive oil for gymnasia. In the 7th century, there is a wide usage of olive oil for skin care in Hellenic city-states. Olive oil is also used for birth control in ancient days.

By crushing the olive fruit, the production of olive oil begins. The paste from the crushing is allowed to agglomerate. After that, it slowly separated and a process called centrifugation is done. The solid substance called pomace is mixed with the oil. The acidity amount in the oil is measured before usage. The acidity can be measured by hydrolysis. The acidic range in olive oil is increased by the phenolic acids which result in aroma and flavor.

What is Canola Oil?

Rapeseed is the raw material for making canola oil. It is a vegetable oil used in cooking. The amount of erucic acid is low in rapeseed. But colza oil has more amount of erucic acid. Rapeseed belongs to the family Brassicaceae. Many cultivators produce edible seeds for canola oil production. Seeds of the genus Brassica is the definition of canola.
In canola oil, only 2 % of erucic acid is present in the fatty acids. Canola oil is also used for biodiesel purposes.

Rapeseed comes from the Latin word rapum which means turnip. Seeds like mustard, cabbage, and turnip are related to rapeseeds. In the 13th century, people in North Europe use rapeseed oil lamps. Only in 1957, the rapeseeds are first selling in the market. It has a greenish color and distinctive taste which make it unique from others. The chlorophyll presence is the reason for the greenish color. The rapeseed association in Canada made the trademark for canola oil.

Canola oil has many varieties by genetic modification. Each variety has a separate name and that name denotes the genetic modifications. Genetically modified seeds are different from natural seeds. In 1995, a genetically modified seed, which is resistant to herbicides are introduced. The 26%of canola produced worldwide is genetically modified, remaining are natural seeds.

Main Differences Between Olive Oil and Canola Oil

  1. The olive oil is made from the olives that grow from olive tress, whereas the canola oil is made from rapeseeds.
  2. A tablespoon of olive oil has 119 calories and a tablespoon of canola oil has 124 calories .
  3. Total fat in olive oil is 13.5g and the total fat in canola oil is 14g per tablespoon.
  4. Olive oil is expensive when compared to canola oil.
  5. The smoke point of olive is 375° F and the smoke point of canola oil is 457° F.

Conclusion

Both olive oil and canola oil are good for the health. The canola oil has more amount of monosaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids. Most people prescribe olive oil for cooking. Other than cooking olive oil is used for various purposes. Canola oil has also a wide range of uses. The olive oil is extracted from olive seeds and the canola oil is extracted from rapeseed. Both of them have unique chemical characteristics. Canola oil has a chemical mixture called hexane while separating from the seeds. Both of them have vitamins and minerals and are used for cooking.

References

  1. https://www.nature.com/articles/s41430-019-0549-z?fbclid=IwAR04be9u5pONvKPFfavJJIjDSMmpjhN-Nep7PLFRruRgvUAO5pKonWCsjVk
  2. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/07315724.1995.10718554
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