Difference Between Oral Communication and Verbal Communication (With Table)

Communication is a way of exchanging messages, thoughts, or information from one person to another person. There are many ways of communication such as – oral communication, written communication, verbal, non-verbal communication, visualization.

Oral Communication is a mode of communication done through the mouth. While Verbal Communication is a mode of communicating ideas, thoughts, information via sounds or words.

Oral Communication vs Verbal Communication

The difference between Oral Communication and Verbal Communication is that oral communication involves expressing thoughts, information by speaking face to face. Expressing thoughts is not that very difficult and has many ways to do it. For having communication between two individuals a common language is to be settled which helps them to communicate more efficiently and effectively.

Oral Communication is a method of communicating with individuals face to face directly. It involves speeches, presentations, passing information from a person to another. The purpose of oral communication is to deliver the message, your thoughts, or a certain piece of information with confidence. It is a way of interacting and an effective manner to connect with the peoples out there.

On other hand, Verbal Communication tends to be another mode of communication with the help of sounds and words. Communication through mobile phones, telephonic conversations, radio, television, any sign language is also verbal communication. It does not always require individuals to be face to face as like oral communication.

Comparison Table Between Oral Communication and Verbal Communication

Parameters of ComparisonOral CommunicationVerbal Communication
MeaningProcess of exchanging expressions, thoughts, ideas between two or more individuals.Verbal communication is a mode of communication with help of words or sounds.
OriginThe word “oral” comes from the Latin word “oralis” which means “mouth”.The word “verbal” comes from the Latin word “verbum” which means “word”.
How can it be done?It can be done directly between two or more individuals.Communication can be done through writing, sign languages, or sounds
ProofNo proof can be kept usually.Proof can be kept.
UsageThe word “Oral” can be used as an adjective as well as a noun.The word “Verbal” can be used as a noun, verb, or adjective.

What is Oral Communication?

Communication is the basic mode of interaction and oral communication is one of its methods to do so. It is done face-to-face directly with a person or a group or it can be defined as, “interchanging of information, thoughts, ideas, feelings, or emotions through spoken words between two people or more than that it is called as oral communication”.

For example – Exchange of thoughts in a business meeting, speeches, group discussions, live interactions with hundreds and thousands of people are a mode of oral communication. 

The importance and need of oral communication are mainly that it helps in gaining self-confidence, allows you to interact directly with numerous individuals, helps in learning things quicker and easier, it also allows you to convey and portraying emotions in a better way. Oral communication has five basic elements that are –

Sender -> Medium -> Channel -> Receiver -> Feedback

Among everything the advantages of the same are that it is time-saving, flexible, and accessible, the transparency level between individuals is comparably high, any misunderstanding/mishap/dispute can be resolved by only communicating with each other.

While with advantages always comes disadvantages which are also mentioned these are – you cannot always rely on oral mode, the conversation cannot be used as for legal records, not easy to maintain, not always feasible for everyone.

What is Verbal Communication?

Verbal communication can be defined as expressing or conveying thoughts, ideas, any piece of information between/or among two-person or group through the means of sounds or words. Television, radio, mobile phones are the modes of communication. 

Verbal communication can be subdivided into further four groups – 

  1. Public Communication – Public communication can be defined as interacting with a person in public or addressing a large number of people at once. For example – Speeches of ministers in election campaigning.
  2. Small-Group Communication – Interacting with a small group of people. For example – The principal addressing students and teachers in the school assembly. 
  3. Intrapersonal Communication – This is a mode of communication that is required to communicate within itself. For example – Self-thinking, analysis of daily work. 
  4. Interpersonal Communication – Communication is done between two or more people. For example – Interaction through video calls. 

Main Differences Between Oral Communication and Verbal Communication

  1. Oral Communication requires direct face-to-face communication with one or more individuals while Verbal Communication is not meant to be done directly.
  2. Oral Communication is a way of interacting with others more effectively and efficiently by speaking while in verbal communication mainly the communication is done by words. 
  3. Oral Communication is an informal method of communication while on the other hand verbal communication is a means of formal interaction between two or more peoples.
  4. As oral communication is a direct method of communication, therefore, it is less time-consuming and flexible while it is the opposite of verbal communication as it is highly time-consuming. 
  5. Also, in oral communication, direct and immediate feedback is necessary while on the other hand, verbal communication takes some time to get back to the feedback. 


Communication is a method of interacting with known or unknown persons formally or informally. For a formal purpose, you may use various types of verbal communication while for an informal one you are free to choose the oral communication method. Although for communicating with an individual or a group, you do not always require having education but must be knowing a common method to communicate. It can be anything such as – speaking the same language, writing the same language, etc. 

The communication method has further many sub-types which are helpful to us in our daily lives. Speaking, of their importance oral communication, helps us in bringing up self-confidence. It helps in grasping things earlier and easier, also portraying self-emotions fluently. On the other hand, verbal communication’s main perspective revolves around building a formal and comfort zone between individuals to boost up their business or organization. It also helps them to diversify their boundaries and explore them making a profit for their working place.


  1. https://psycnet.apa.org/record/1993-98279-000
  2. https://journals.lww.com/otology-neurotology/Abstract/2019/12000/Communication_Mode_and_Speech_and_Language.9.aspx