Difference Between Orthodox and Catholic (With Table)

The Orthodox Christian faith is one where one follows the Bible and tries to live as close as possible to how God would want them to live. The person was born and baptized in the Catholic Church. Moreover, they descend from at least four generations of Catholic believers. Both Orthodox and Catholic may seem exceptionally similar, yet they are different too.

Orthodox vs Catholic

The difference between Orthodox And Catholic is that Orthodox Christians believe that God alone provides salvation through faith in Jesus Christ, whereas Catholics. On the other hand, believe that salvation comes from Jesus, Mary, and the saints. Orthodox is a more devotional form of Christianity, whereas Catholicism, on the other hand, stands for the fullness of Christian practice.

Orthodoxy is a more devotional form of Christianity that follows the Bible and tries to live as close as possible how the Gods want them to live. The term orthodox can apply to the Christian religion. An orthodox person who adheres strictly to religious doctrine is considered orthodox. Moreover, they adhere to accepted beliefs without question.

Catholics believe in Christ, and their faith is centred around him and his mother, Mary. Moreover, the Catholic person who was born is and baptized in the Catholic Church and will mostly descend from at least four generations of Catholic believers. Catholics believe that although they are not perfect, God loves them and has a plan for them.

Comparison Table Between Orthodox and Catholic

Parameters of ComparisonOrthodoxCatholic
DefinitionOrthodox are more devotional in Christ and their faith is centered around him and Mater Dolorosa.Catholics are born is and baptized in the Catholic Church with the fullness of Christian practice.
BeliefsOrthodox Christians believe that God alone provides salvation through faith in Jesus Christ. Catholics believe that salvation comes from Jesus, Mary, and the saints.
AuthorityThere is no papal authority among Orthodox Christians.There is a papal authority among Catholic Christians.
ChurchesThe Church Fathers, whose writings generally stress worship and orthodoxyCatholic Churches hold to a belief in Mary as Mother of God.
HierarchyOrthodox follows a monarchical system.Catholics adhere to an episcopal form of hierarchy.

What is Orthodox?

The word comes from the Greek word ” ostrakon,” which means “a sacred object of worship.” Orthodox is a more devotional form of Christianity that follows a monarchical system. Orthodox adhere to accept their belief without question. Moreover, it is closely tied with the idea of heresy.

Orthodox Christians believe that God alone provides salvation through faith in Jesus Christ. Other teachings include the veneration of Mary, adoration of relics, confession outside a priest‘s confession box, and a belief that a man can become a priest. Moreover, there is also no papal authority amongst Orthodox Christians. There are different interpretations as to what constitutes orthodoxy in each country.

In the Bible, this commandment was meant to discourage idolatry from a religious perspective. However, a secondary use developed were orthodox believers started referring to other people’s religious opinions as idols. A person could be considered orthodox if they did not worship any idols, while a heretic would worship false idols.

The Orthodox Christian faith is one where one follows the Bible completely and tries to live their lives as close as possible to how God would want them to live. Orthodox mostly believe in Jesus Christ, and their faith is centered around him and his mother, Mater Dolorosa. Moreover, the Orthodox churches also differ in their view of Jesus Christ’s nature.

What is Catholic?

Catholics follow a tradition of faith, worship, sacraments, and many other rules. Catholics believe that God lives in three forms: God the Father the creator, God the Son Jesus Christ who died for our sins, and Mrs Mary, the mother of Jesus. Catholics also believe in adoption by grace. This means that we were adopted by God when Christ died for us on the cross.

Catholics consider that Jesus is the Son of God and is a new person. He is God incarnate. He was conceived by the Holy Spirit, born, and was raised in a house. The Catholic church believes that Jesus came to restore order to this fallen world, bring peace and love to people, and redeem people’s souls. The Catholic Church also teaches that there is no such place as purgatory. Rather, Catholics believe that when people die, they go directly into the presence of God.

Catholics believe that God has two wills the pre-eternal will of the Father and the will of Jesus Christ. The pre-eternal will is contrary to anything created, but there is a will of Jesus as God, which is the revealed will that is the work of God.

Catholics also believe in purgatory. The word purgatory means purification, which means that persons who have died in a state of sin will be purged of their sins to reach heaven.

Main Differences Between Orthodox and Catholic

  1. Orthodox are more devotional in Christ, and their faith is centered around him and Mater Dolorosa, whereas Catholics are born is and baptized in the Catholic Church with the fullness of Christian practice.
  2. Orthodox Christians believe that God alone provides salvation through faith in Jesus Christ, whereas Catholics believe that salvation comes from Jesus, Mary, and the saints.
  3. The Orthodox Church Fathers, whose writings generally stress worship and orthodoxy, whereas Catholic Churches hold to a belief in Mary as Mother of God.
  4. There is no papal authority among Orthodox Christians, whereas there is papal authority among Catholic Christians.
  5. Orthodox follows a monarchical system, whereas Catholics adhere to an episcopal form of hierarchy.

Conclusion

Catholicism and Orthodox Christianity are different confessions of Christianity. Catholics believe that Jesus came to restore order to this fallen world, bring peace and love to people, and redeem people’s souls. Catholicism stands for the fullness of Christian practice, where Catholics are saved by grace and do not earn salvation.

Orthodox is a more devotional form of Christianity. The Orthodox Church Fathers, whose writings generally stress worship and orthodoxy, moreover, Orthodox follows a monarchical system. Catholics hold to a belief in Mary as “Mother of God,” while Orthodox do not. The two churches also differ in their view of Jesus Christ’s nature.

References

  1. https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=vNsQ97AE0zwC&oi=fnd&pg=PP11&dq=Orthodox+And+Catholic+&ots=Y_i-Odh2NW&sig=0uPXjZ6BLHtBaoODcIsWCjEEey8
  2. https://ejournals.bc.edu/index.php/cej/article/download/481/472/0
  3. https://brill.com/downloadpdf/book/edcoll/9789047402374/BP000004.pdf
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