Poison Oak vs Poison Ivy: Difference and Comparison

Poison Oak and Poison Ivy are both plants that are found all over the United States. Both of them are very infamous as they cause skin allergic reactions once they are touched.

If not taken proper care of and attended to with immediate treatment, the reactions may escalate to serious rashes.

Key Takeaways

  1. Poison Oak and Poison Ivy both contain urushiol, an oil that causes an allergic reaction in humans.
  2. Poison Oak has leaves with a rounded shape and is found on the West Coast of the US, while Poison Ivy has leaves with a pointed shape and is found on the East Coast of the US.
  3. Poison Oak grows as a shrub or a vine, while Poison Ivy grows as a vine.

 Poison Oak vs Poison Ivy 

Poison oak is a shrub that causes itchy, blistering rashes on the skin due to an oil found in the plant called urushiol. It is found in western North America. Poison ivy is a poisonous plant with leaves like almond leaves that secrete an enzyme, causing painful rashes. It is found in Eastern North America.

Poison Oak vs Poison Ivy

Western poison oak and Pacific poison oak are the two other names of Poison Oak. The scientific name of the same is Toxicodendron diversilobum.

It is a shrub, and it belongs to the sumac family. The family is called Anacardiaceae. The leaves have a resemblance to the oak leaves. Poison oak is mainly and widely found in the areas of North America.

Poison Ivy, scientifically known as Toxicodendron radicans, is found mainly and widely in the Eastern part of North America. The leaves have a bit of resemblance with the almond plant leaves.

The presence of urushiol in the plant causes rashes when being touched. The rashes cause tremendous skin irritation.

Comparison Table

Parameters of ComparisonPoison OakPoison Ivy
Scientific Names Toxicodendron diversilobum Toxicodendron radicans
Found in Western- North AmericaEastern- North America
Leaf Appearance resemblanceOak LeafAlmond Leaf
Other NamesPacific poison oak
Western Poison Oak
Eastern Poison Ivy
Colour of flowerSmall green-yellowSmall White

What is Poison Oak?

Poison Oak, scientifically known as Toxicodendron diversilobum, is found widely in the areas of Western North America.

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Also known by the names Pacific Poison Oak or Western Poison Oak, it has leaves that have a great resemblance with the Oaktree leaves.

The plant bears green-yellow flowers and secretes an enzyme that is extremely harmful to the human skin. Though birds and other small animals eat the seeds and fruits of this plant, the plant causes tremendous itching, pain, and even blisters.

These plants were used by the Californian Native Americans to make objects like baskets with stems of the plant. Even the dried roots were used to make the antidote for the rashes caused and even aid in curing ringworms.

The plant is also used and applied when rattlesnake bites, and it has proven to be effective. It also helps in curing dysentery. All these can be done only if the whole process is done with extreme care and proper supervision.

Moreover, if one gets rashes after getting into direct contact with the plant enzymes, then it is advisable that he or she consult a doctor and apply calamine lotion or cream.

The person should also take small lukewarm baths to wash the enzyme from the skin.

poison oak

What is Poison Ivy?

Poison Ivy, whose scientific name is Toxicodendron radicans, is widely and primarily found in Eastern- North America. The plant is also known by the name Eastern Poison Ivy, and the plant’s leaves have a great resemblance with that of almond leaves.

It is mainly a shrub that grows up to 1.2 m, and it secretes harmful enzymes like urushiol. It is, at times, considered an unwanted weed. The plant sometimes grows like a vine, too, and can grow up to 10 to 25 cm.

The flowers of this plant are mostly white and are small in size. They blossom only in the months between May and July.

During the months of August to November, the plant bears small berry-like fruits, and they are one of the main sources of food for small animals, insects, and birds in that area.

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The effect of this plant on humans is not so pleasant. The effect of the enzyme stays for about twelve to fifteen days. One is advised to take a consultation with a doctor immediately.

According to one report, approximately thirty-five thousand people are affected by this plant in North America annually.

One can also rub that affected area with running ice-cold water or run cotton soaked in alcohol to reduce the effect of the enzyme and hence reduce pain.

poison ivy

Main Differences Between Poison Oak and Poison Ivy 

  1. The scientific name of Poison Oak is Toxicodendron diversilobum, whereas the scientific name of Poison Ivy is Toxicodendron radicans.
  2. The first one is found in Western- North America, whereas the latter one is found in Eastern- North America.
  3. The leaves of the Poison Oak have a close resemblance with the Oak leaves, whereas the Poison Ivy leaves are similar to that of the almond leaves.
  4. The other well-known names of Poison Oaks are Western Poison Oaks and Pacific Poison Oaks. The name of Eastern Poison Ivy is also knows Poison Ivy.
  5. The flowers of Poison Oak are of green-yellow color. Whereas in the case of Poison Ivy, it is white color.
Difference Between Poison Oak and Poison Ivy
  1. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0190962295902376
  2. https://pennstate.pure.elsevier.com/en/publications/poison-ivy-and-poison-oak-allergic-contact-dermatitis

Last Updated : 24 August, 2023

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8 thoughts on “Poison Oak vs Poison Ivy: Difference and Comparison”

  1. This article could benefit from addressing some of the myths and stories surrounding these plants. There is a lot of truth to separate from fiction.

  2. Given the high annual number of people affected, the importance of learning about these plants and identify them is clear. Very informative article.

  3. It is fascinating how these plants can be harmful to humans, but beneficial in other aspects. It’s a classic case of natural remedies being harmful if not handled correctly.

  4. This article is well written, it provides useful knowledge to prevent and treat the discomfort caused by these plants.

  5. It is surprising to see how the rashes caused by these plants can escalate to more serious conditions; it’s important to give them immediate attention.

  6. Interesting that these plants were used to make antidotes and for medical purposes, I didn’t know that before.

  7. The information is very interesting, this is the kind of content I enjoy reading since it provides a great understanding of the topic and its benefits.


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