Difference Between Porcelain and Ceramic (With Table)

Porcelain and Ceramic are two prominent names that cannot be overlooked while talking about tiles. However, one thing to be kept in mind is that these two tiles look very identical to one another but still carry a lot of differences. It is crucial to understand these differences so that a clear line of distinction could be marked and the perfect one could be chosen.

 Porcelain vs Ceramic 

The difference between Porcelain and Ceramic is that even after belonging two almost similar categories of tiles, the former belongs to a particular tile that happens to be relatively dense and can be used on both floors and walls. But on the other hand, the latter refers to a tile belonging to a similar category of the former but with the comparatively less dense formula and ideally suitable for just one type of format only. 

The term porcelain refers to a specific kind of tile that is made out of ceramic materials after heating them to a very higher temperature. This temperature can sometimes range between 1200 degrees Celsius to 1400 degrees Celsius, and this shows the range of purification this particular tile goes through. Comparing it to the other types of tiles, it can be safely said that this tile happens to be very dense in nature. It happens to be suitable for being pasted on both walls and floors. 

When any type of non-metallic element is melted or heated at a very high temperature to produce something different, it usually gives birth to a substance popularly known as ceramic. In most cases, the substance that creates this particular element is known as clay, and then most probably, it is likely to be present in the ceramic element to a very wider extent. This particular element does not go through severe clarification and therefore happens to be relatively less dense compared to other kinds of tiles. 

Comparison Table Between Porcelain and Ceramic 

Parameters of Comparison Porcelain  Ceramic  
Meaning  The term refers to a particular category of ceramic tiles. The term refers to the category of tiles in general that comes into existence after using clay. 
Making procedure This tile is made after heating the relevant material at a very higher temperature This tile is made after heating the relevant material at a relatively lower temperature 
Purity  It happens to be purer in its form It happens to be comparatively less pure in its form 
Appearance  This tile contains a color that runs uniformly in the whole body The color in this tile happens to be painted only on the surface thereby the insides making it slightly different from the outer body. 
Water resistance it happens to be more water-resistant it happens to be less water-resistant 
Density  This tile happens to be very dense in texture this style happens to be less dense in texture 
Utilization  Because of being more durable, this tile can be used on both floors and walls Because of being slightly delicate, this style happens to be an ideal choice for less-used walls. 

What is Porcelain? 

Manufactured after combining a mixture of sand, clay, feldspar, a porcelain tile happens to be a very common tile material that can be found in almost all places of the world because of being very versatile and dynamic in its utilization. 

The ideal temperature for melting this particular tile happens to be 2300 degrees Celsius, and because of this particular phenomenon, this style becomes very pure and dense in its texture, thereby becoming more compatible to be used in almost all places. 

As for the ideal standard of this particular tile, in order to be categorized as a porcelain tile, a substance of a similar nature needs to be in a manner that absorbs not more than 0.5% of water. This particular attribute of this style makes it very resistant to water and moisture. This is the reason behind this style being preferred by many households above other tiles. 

Because of being so durable and reliable, this style becomes an ideal choice for people who are looking to paste tiles on their floors or walls. 

What is Ceramic? 

Looking from the perspective of the creation of this particular tile, this comes into existence after we combine play with different types of minerals and other substances. But a very major phenomenon that differentiates this particular tile from other similar elements is that it is not heated at a very higher temperature. 

The heating temperature for this style ranges between 1200 to 1400 degrees Celsius, and this results in this tile carrying some sort of impurities along with it during the course of its life. 

Because of being heated at a relatively lower temperature, this tile happens to be less pure and dense in texture. A very distinctive feature of this tile is that it carries different colors. The outer structure of this style happens to be painted by a similar color, but the inside structure of the style happens to be painted with different colors. 

This particular feature can be termed as both a benefit and a disadvantage for the user. This feature offers variety in colors, but if the tile chips off, it will look slightly awkward. 

Main Differences Between Porcelain and Ceramic 

  1. The term Porcelain refers to a particular category of ceramic tiles. While the term Ceramic refers to the category of tiles in general that comes into existence after using clay. 
  2. Porcelain is made after heating the relevant material at a very higher temperature, while Ceramic is made after heating the relevant material at a relatively lower temperature. 
  3. Porcelain contains a color that runs uniformly in the whole body, but the color in ceramic happens to be painted only on the surface, thereby making the insides slightly different from the outer body. 
  4. Porcelain happens to be very dense in texture, but ceramic happens to be less dense in texture 
  5. Because of being more durable, porcelain can be used on both floors and walls, but because of being less durable, ceramic happens to be an ideal choice for less used walls. 

Conclusion 

Tiles have become a new trend almost everywhere, and rarely is there any person who has not thought about using certain tiles for his home, workshop, or office, etc. But on a different note, a number of tiles are present there today, and it becomes very crucial to choose the right one depending on the conditions of the place where the ties are supposed to be used. 

Looking at all the differences and comparisons mentioned above, it is clear that Porcelain and Ceramic are two tiles that happen to be very popular all across the world. These two can be very similar; therefore, it is very necessary to know about all the aspects that make these two go in different directions. 

References 

  1. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022391303005171 
  2. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0022391389901327  

x
2D vs 3D