Difference Between Presbyterian and Lutheran (With Table)

For a person, religion and faith in that religion have always been a crucial topic when it comes to believing in these religions. According to recent statistics, Christianity has proved to be one of the most prominent beliefs people follow worldwide. Even in Christianity, there are many more subdivisions of caste and religion, having various churches open for them. Two such subdivisions of Christianity are Presbyterian and Lutheran. Both these denominations have their respective similarities and differences.

Presbyterian vs Lutheran

The difference between Presbyterian and Lutheran is that Presbyterian keep a belief and preach the fact that it’s a symbol which is divine of blood and bond of Christ. In contrast, Lutheran believes in accepting the real body of Christ himself to attain solace.

Lutherans are people who believe that Jesus Christ had died on the cross for attaining forgiveness of all the sin people had done. People who have faith in Jesus are considered to have faith in Christianity, and if one does not have faith in Jesus, they cannot call themselves believers of Lutheranism.

Presbyterian are people who believe that Jesus Christ had died on the cross for only selective people’s sins. Presbyterians believed that people’s sins which he died for, were chosen. It is said that people who believe Jesus will get to attain divinity with him in heaven after they go through death.

Comparison Table Between Presbyterian and Lutheran

Parameters of comparisonPresbyterianLutheran
Who they followPresbyterians are considered to be followers of John Calvin.Lutherans are considered to be followers of the German monk Martin Luther.
Main beliefPresbyterians think that Jesus dies only for those who were chosen.According to Lutherans, Jesus died on the cross for everybody to wash off their sin.
FaithGod has already chosen whom to save and whom to be dammed.Lutherans believe that if you have faith and believe in God, you shall be saved.
CommunicationPresbyterians believe that communication is just a symbol of God’s body and blood.Lutherans believe that communion is the actual body and blood of Christ.
Sole ruleFor Presbyterians, the sole rule is that it’s the glory and sovereignty of God.For Lutherans, the sole rule of the Christian doctrine is the Gospel.

What is Presbyterian?

Presbyterian are people who follow the preaching of John Calvin. They follow his thoughts. The term Presbyterian was derived from a Greek word that is Prestbyreros, which means having the elders rule the church that has God. The current Presbyterian Church was bought from the early 16th century. This was when the Protestants had the Reformation with John Calvin, who was marked to be an influence on so many.

Presbyterians are people who believe that Jesus Christ had died on the cross for my selective people’s sins. Presbyterians believed that people’s sins which he died for, were chosen. It is said that people who believe Jesus will get to attain divinity with him in heaven after they go through death, and the rest who do not have faith in Christ will be Dammed.

The people who are Presbyterian follow double predestination, which means that God has already destined. Everyone’s justified place whether a person has believed him or not. But according to some, they also say that some are destined by God, and at the same time, they are dammed by God too. The Presbyterian believes in the fact that everything is preplanned by God beforehand and that man actually can’t do anything from going through what is predicted for him.

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What is Lutheran?

The Lutherans are people who follow the preaching of the German theologian that is Martin Luther. He is considered the father of the Reformation, according to the Lutherans. Lutherans preach for attaining solace and unselfishness towards people in the world regardless of a person who does not believe in his words and has faith in him.

Lutheran refers to people who believe that Jesus Christ had died on the cross for attaining forgiveness of all the sin people had done. People who have faith in Jesus are considered to have faith in Christianity, and if one does not have faith in Jesus, they cannot call themselves believers of Lutheranism.

It is considered that Lutherans believe that the only way to interpret and understand the Holy Bible is through the Gospel. It is said to be the heart of the scripture of the Lutherans. Even though Martin Luther was a Catholic, he was against Christianity, and on the contrary, he had faith in the Holy Bible.

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Main Differences Between Presbyterian and Lutheran

  1. According to Lutherans, Jesus had died on the cross for everybody to wash off their sins, whereas according to Presbyterians, think it was only for those who were chosen.
  2. Lutherans believe that if you have faith and believe in God, you shall be saved, whereas, in the case of Presbyterians, God has already chosen whom to save and whom to damn and no one can change what is destined.
  3. For Lutherans, the sole rule of the Christian doctrine is the Gospel, whereas Presbyterians believe that it’s the glory and sovereignty of God.
  4. Lutherans believe that communion is the actual body and blood of Christ and, on the other hand, Presbyterians believe that communication is just a symbol of the body and blood of God himself.
  5. Lutherans are considered to be followers of the German monk Martin Luther, whereas Presbyterians follow John Calvin.

Conclusion

Presbyterian and Lutheran are both different kinds of religions in the Christian religion. Both have different kinds of ideologies and perspectives. Both these are distinguished on several grounds, whether it is related to the person who they follow because of their beliefs and faith.

Both these regions, even though having differences, focus on the common goal of having faith in Jesus Christ. They live in the sacred life by following the preaching of John Calvin and Martin Luther, respectively. It depends on people on which religion they want to adopt based on their faith and belief in God to attain solace.

References

  1. https://psycnet.apa.org/record/1999-08299-005
  2. https://www.jstor.org/stable/3512537
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Last update on 2021-05-26 / Amazon Affiliate links / Images from Amazon Product Advertising API