Difference Between Preschool and Pre K (With Table)

Studies have shown that early education is easier to grasp. Children who start receiving values and education at an early age find it easier to understand things later. With parents having busy work schedule in today’s modern world, it gets very important that they send their children to a learning environment.

Preschool vs Pre K

The difference between preschool and pre K is that preschool is made for children below the age of four, whereas a pre K accepts children from 3 to 5 in general. However, the age range can differ depending upon which state or country you are living in. A preschool has a shorter scheduled time for children compared to pre K.

Preschools are early schools that help children with critical thinking, teach values, and help them interact with people that surround them and overall help in better development of their mind. These are more like dummy school that prepares a child mentally and physically for all the academics, extra-curricular activities they are going to do in a full day school in future.

Pre K is a course or school that aims at the practical development of a child. It has wholesome activities that not only help in future academics but with social skills as well. In a pre K, a child learns to talk with classmates, interact with teachers, learn and have fun at the same time. A child that has received pre K schooling finds it easier to cope up with long school schedules in the future.

Comparison Table Between Preschool and Pre K

Parameters of ComparisonPreschoolPre K
Age Range It has children from 2 and half years to four years.It has children from 3 to 5 years.
AcademicsAcademics is not given much priority.Academics and other different activities are involved
Time durationIt may have a schedule of 3 to4 hours.It may have a schedule of 4 to 6 hours.
FoodFood may or may not be provided.Food is generally provided.
UniformNo such specific uniform is required in preschool.A uniform or dress code may be involved.

What is Preschool?

A preschool, as the name suggests, is in prior training that a child receives before joining a fully scheduled school. In preschool, children learn to adapt to things other than their comfort zone (home). They learn about group work, team spirit, and healthy competition.

A preschool does not have a schedule of long hours in general. They may be 3 to 5 hours long depending upon different countries and school rules. A preschool trains a child with interactive game playing like puzzles, blocks, rhymes, coloring, crafts, and outdoor activities. In a classroom of a preschool, more than one teacher is involved as children require more attention at this age.

A classroom involves fewer children compared to that of other levels of schooling as it is very important that each and every child is equally taken care of. A preschool may or may not provide lunch or snacks. In general, preschools do provide healthy food to children.

The food given in school not only fills their tummy but also teaches them dining etiquette and stops their picky eating habits. In the long run, children learn to eat food prepared outside their house and along with other mates that accompany them. Preschool also has nap time and sleeping involved.

What is Pre K?

A pre K is a level of schooling where a child holistically develops in terms of social values and moral values. This is the age when children grasp things quickly and hence can learn more things than other levels of schooling. In pre K children participate in different activities along with their mates and teachers, which helps them in the future.

This is the age when children learn to share, respect, and love. They learn about friendship and make good bonds with teaches a well. A pre-K trains a child to speak out their views and put effort into doing small things. Children in pre K learn to be creative and do small artistic crafts that they adore all their life.

A pre K also celebrates birthdays and festivals of a different culture. This is where children learn to respect differences and believe in the equality of all. A pre K generally starts building an academic approach. This is done by teaching children rhymes, basic letters with the help of cards and board games, blocks, and puzzles, learning to hold pencils, coloring, and painting.

Activities like listening to stories, watching cartoons and moral movies, and self-eating are done in pre K. In this way, the child gets habituated to go to school and does not complain about long school hours later in the future.

Main Differences Between Preschool and Pre K

  1. Preschools are scheduled 3 to 4 hours long in general, whereas a pre K may be as long as 4 to 6 hours.
  2. Preschools may or may not provide food, whereas most all pre K provide lunch or snacks.
  3. Preschool is for children above the age of 2 and a half and below four, whereas a pre K is for children from 3 to 5 years.
  4. No kind of direct academic is involved in preschool, whereas a pre K starts with a little academic learning.
  5. A preschool does not have a uniform for children, whereas a pre K may have a uniform of dress code.

Conclusion

Both preschool and pre K do not have much influence on academics, but for overall development and value learning, these levels of schooling are important. The environment in this type of schooling helps the child to interact with teachers and mates surrounding them. At the age of 3 to 6, children have a lot of curiosity, and preschool and pre K school serve their curiosity. Overall, children in preschool are slightly younger than those of pre K.

References

  1. https://science.sciencemag.org/content/333/6040/299.summary
  2. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1207/s1532480xads0903_1
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