Difference Between Python and JavaScript (With Table)

Python and JavaScript are now two of the most widely used programming languages. Although they are both object-oriented programming languages, their scopes are vastly different. Python and JS have a lot in common, but there are some key distinctions. Both Python and JavaScript developers can find plenty of work possibilities.

Python vs JavaScript

The difference between Python and JavaScript is that Python is a high-level interpreted programming language with dynamic semantics and object-oriented programming that is meant to be simple to learn and use. The object-oriented programming language Java-Script was standardized in the ECMAScript language specification and allows you to construct dynamic web pages.

Object-oriented programming, functional programming, imperative programming, and procedural programming are all supported by Python. It comes up with a plethora of pre-installed modules and packages. It lets programmers create programs in a variety of styles, both basic and complicated. Now we’ll compare Python with Javascript.

JavaScript is a popular object-oriented programming language for building dynamic web pages. The ECMAScript language specification includes it as a standard. JS also supports two more programming paradigms, functional and imperative, in addition to OOP. In a web browser, JS is generally used to provide dynamic functionality that can’t be accomplished using CSS or HTML.

Comparison Table Between Python and JavaScript

Parameters of ComparisonPythonJavaScript
Data TypesThe data types are Mutable and immutable.There is No concept of mutable and immutable
EncodingIt uses ASCII encoding.It uses UTF-16 encoding.
Definition of objects and functionsIndentationCurly brackets
ModulesWide range of modules  Date, math, regexp, JSON
Definition of attributeGetter and setter functions are used to define an attribute.  Objects have properties that can be composed of underlying attributes, letting you define a property.

What is Python?

Python is a high-level object-oriented programming language that is extensively used for fast prototyping, web scripting, ad-hoc programming, XML processing, and database, GUI, and scientific application development. It’s also one of the most important technologies for developing AI, machine learning, and deep learning solutions.

Python’s extremely dynamic and understandable nature distinguishes it from other programming languages. Python uses whitespace indentation instead of curly brackets to delimit code blocks and does away with the requirement for semicolons after statements, making code creation easier, clearer, and faster, with a reduced barrier to entry.

Python’s advantages are numerous and far-reaching, paving the path for the language’s top rankings in different technology rankings. The language’s primary advantages include the ability to execute it on a range of hardware platforms while maintaining the convenience of utilizing the same interface, interactive testing and debugging, automated garbage collection, interaction with Java, C, and C++ programs, easy currency support, and so on.

Object-oriented languages (such as Python) use a different approach, allowing programmers to construct virtual objects in their code and assign each of these objects its own set of traits and abilities. All of the items that a developer develops can then interact with one another or operate independently.

What is JavaScript?

One of the most popular technologies today is JavaScript, a scripting language used to create interactive web pages, scalable apps, SPAs, a range of mobile applications, and other solutions. It enables developers to create apps on both the frontend and backend, with tools like jQuery, AngularJS, Ember.js, ReactJS, and others for client-side programming and MongoDB, Node.js, Express.js, and others for server-side programming.

Furthermore, JavaScript operates entirely within the browser, requiring no resources from the webserver. Scripting languages are a subset of programming languages. They’re utilized to make life simpler for consumers by automating website and app operations that you’d otherwise have to do manually each time. Any live changes or updates on websites you visit would require manually refreshing the page, or you’d have to navigate through a series of static menus to get to the material you’re looking for if you didn’t use scripting.

When something on a web page or web app animates, refreshes, or adapts automatically in response to your input, it’s usually because of a scripting language.
Because JavaScript is such a widely-used programming language for websites and apps, it’s become an essential component of making the web work—all major web browsers (Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and so on) have engines that can render JavaScript.

Main Differences Between Python and JavaScript

  1. Python is highly typed, meaning there are no implicit type conversions, whereas JavaScript is weakly typed.
  2. Procedural programming is available in Python, but not in Java-Script.
  3. Python is a more well-designed language that is easier to maintain than JavaScript.
  4. Python isn’t a suitable choice for mobile programming, but Java-Script is.
  5. Python is slower to execute than JavaScript.
  6. Python has a large standard library, but JavaScript’s standard library is small.
  7. In contrast to Python, which primarily depends on assignments with no distinction between variables and assignments, JavaScript does not.
  8. Python offers a lot of scientific computing, data analytics, and machine learning libraries, but JavaScript doesn’t.
  9. Python supports a wide range of numeric data types, including int, float, and fixed-point decimal, whereas Java-Script focuses on floating-point variables.

Conclusion

Apart from the syntactic changes, Python and JavaScript have a lot in common: they both function without the requirement for compilation, they both feature garbage collection, and they’re both written in a text editor. They have a lot of similarities, but they also have a lot of differences. Python can be used for both standalone programs and scripting applications in a wide range of disciplines, but JavaScript can only be used to create interactive web pages. Python libraries, on the other hand, are similar to JavaScript associative arrays. Python has a steeper learning curve than JavaScript, making it one of the most user-friendly programming languages.

Because both Python and JavaScript share features like lexically scoped, object-oriented, interpreted, functional, and imperative programming, you can accomplish nearly anything with them. If a language lacks functionality, we have a plethora of existing libraries and extensions to help us get what we need.

References

  1. https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1757-899X/1076/1/012046/meta
  2. https://dl.acm.org/doi/abs/10.1145/2993412.3003382
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