Difference Between Reverse Swing and Inswing

Swing Bowling in cricket refers to the movement of the ball sideways via the air once it has been delivered by the bowler. This is due to the location of the seam on the cricket ball as well as how air keeps moving all over the ball as it moves forward toward the batsman. There are three main types of swing bowling- inswing, outswing, and reverse swing. Here we will know the difference between reverse swing and inswing.

Reverse Swing vs Inswing

The main difference between reverse swing and inswing is that reverse swing is when the ball swings in the reverse direction of how it would normally swing, i.e. to the shiny corner of the ball. Inswing, on the other hand, is when the ball swings towards the batsman’s leg side.

Reverse Swing vs Inswing

The reverse swing is a method of swinging the ball in which the ball spins in towards the batsman instead of away from him. However, as the ball ages, it leaves its luster and ceases to swing. The reverse swing is the swing that a bowler makes with the old ball to the shiny edge of the old ball as opposed to the regular swing that a bowler makes.

The inswing is a dangerous fast bowling tactic that can be applied to dismiss a batter. The ball nips away sharply and possibly slightly to a right-handed batsman, which can aid him to get LBW or perhaps even clean bowled. An inswing can also be dangerous to a left-handed batter because it compels them to shoot the ball away from their body.

Comparison Table Between Reverse Swing and Inswing

Parameter of comparisonReverse Swing  Inswing 
Speed  High pace(above 80 mph)Low to medium pace (70 mph) 
Surface of ball Rough surface due to excessive usage of ball.Shiny side of the ball is used.
PressureTwo way.One way.
Wrist movementsComparatively complex.Less complex.
Ball usedOld ball.New ball.

What is a Reverse Swing?

Because of the shine, the ball swings along either side until it is new. However, as the ball ages, it ends up losing its luster and ceases to swing. Players render the old ball swing by keeping one part of the ball shiny whereas the other becomes rough or worn out. The reverse swing is the swing that a bowler makes with the old ball to the shiny edge of the old ball as opposed to the regular swing that a bowler makes. If a bowler is bowling an outswinger, he or she can reverse-swing it into an inswinger and conversely.

If you want to hit the reverse swinging delivery that gets back into the batsman, you must grab the ball with the seam facing the slips. With this seam position, a regular delivery will outswing. However, in reverse swing, the rough part of the ball will be on the off-side and the shiny part should be on the leg-side. Your wrist must be angled in the direction of the batters. It is critical not to modify your bowling style or modify your acts, hold, wrist, or anything else that indicates you are attempting anything new. The importance of quick body movement cannot be overstated.

To cope with reverse-swing, the batter must hold the bat down and maintain a low back-lift. High back-lifts will prevent you from lowering your bat in moments to block an arriving reverse-swinging ball. To deal with late mobility, a batsman should also take the ball late. Experts believe that the batsman’s foot movement should be top-notch to deal with reverse-swing.

What is Inswing?

The seam and imbalance of the ball are commonly used to develop a swing. Bowlers will position the seam aside from the destined path of motion so that the batsman sees the shiny side of the ball. The ball will swing in the path of the seam – if the seam is sloped toward the slip fielders, it will swing away from the cricketer and is known as an outswinger; if the seam is tilted to the leg side, this would swing into the batsman and is known as an inswinger.

When such a ball is sledded with the seam at an angular position, the boundary coating on the upper edge of the ball is impacted by the seam and enters a turbulent state sooner than the bottom – this causes later detachment from the ball, creating a differential pressure and thus a lateral force that allows the ball to swing in the path of the seam. This method of aiming the seam usually works around 70 mph – which is considered slow to medium pace in international cricket.

When a right-arm bowler bowls to a right-handed batsman, the ball will start moving into them. Position your index and second fingers along each side of the seam. The flat part of the thumb must be positioned on the ball’s underside. Make certain the ball seam is vertical and tilted forward into the leg side. To keep the seam vertical, the ball discharge should arise from the middle finger before actually holding down on it. Make sure that the shiny part of the ball is on the offside for a right-handed batsman.

Main Differences Between Reverse Swing and Inswing 

  1. During a reverse swing, the ball is delivered at a high pace while during inswing delivery is with a slow to medium pace.
  2. In reverse swing, the ball used is rough due to excessive usage of it while during in-swing the ball has a shiny surface which is used by the bowlers.
  3. In reverse swing, the ball is subjected to two types of pressure while in the case of in-swing the ball is subjected to one type of air pressure only that comes equally from all sides.
  4. Wrist movements in the reverse swing are more complex and the swinger must always have a presence of mind. While in the case of inswing wrist movements are simple and won’t require much thought before bowling.
  5. Generally for reverse swing old balls are used while for inswing newer balls are preferred.

Conclusion

Whenever the cricket ball swings, batsmen find it extremely difficult to undertake their shots sooner since they are unclear where the ball will land. Batsmen find it incredibly difficult to score runs when the bowler can swing the ball both ways at a decent pace. You don’t need an overcast or cloudy climate to swing a cricket ball; all you require is knowledge and practice. The swing of the cricket ball is determined by your bowling activity and how you deliver the ball. Because you can throw the ball with your wrist and the seam if you have an awesome fast-bowling strategy, you will have a greater shot of swinging the ball both ways at a nice speed. 

References

  1. https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1243/0954406011520508
  2. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF02844161
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