Richter Scale vs Mercalli Scale: Difference and Comparison

Experts use a variety of equipment to assess the earth’s seismic activity and quantify the severity of the event when the earthquake occurs (probably the most severe of all-natural disasters). Scales such as Richter and Mercalli are used to provide public understanding and create enhanced predictions and warning actions in this regard. Scientists have discovered methods for determining the magnitude of earthquakes.

Key Takeaways

  1. Richter Scale measures the magnitude of an earthquake, while Mercalli Scale measures the intensity of an earthquake at a specific location.
  2. Richter Scale is calculated based on the seismic waves generated by an earthquake, while the effects of an earthquake on people, structures, and the environment determine Mercalli Scale.
  3. Richter Scale is more widely used and recognized compared to Mercalli Scale.

Richter Scale vs Mercalli Scale

The Richter Scale, also known as the Local Magnitude Scale, measures the magnitude or size of an earthquake based on the seismic waves it produces. The Mercalli Scale measures an earthquake’s intensity or strength based on its effects on people, buildings, and the surrounding environment.

Richter Scale vs Mercalli Scale

The Richter scale was created in 1935 by Charles Richter and his colleague Beno Gutenberg, and it is still the most widely used scale in earthquake measurement today. It was originally created to compare the magnitude of multiple earthquakes in a specific area of California. Later, it was modified for usage all over the world. The Richter scale is more objective, but the Mercalli scale is personal.

The Mercalli scale, which dates back to the 19th century, is even older. It got its name from changes made by Italian volcanologist Giuseppe Mercalli in the 1890s. Coincidentally, Charles Richter revised the scale to the MMI scale, also known as the Modified Mercalli scale, which is still in use today.

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Comparison Table

Parameters of Comparison Richter ScaleMercalli Scale
DescriptionThe Richter scale was created to give a single value to the amount of energy generated during an earthquake.

The Mercalli Scale provides a numerical value to an earthquake’s effects.
Developed in19351884 and 1906
Developed byCharles Francis Richter Giuseppe Mercalli
MeasureThe Richter scale quantifies the seismic activity magnitude of an earthquake and other numerically quantifiable regions.
The Mercalli scale is used to determine the magnitude of an earthquake.
Measuring ToolObservation
Seismograph

What is Richter Scale?

Charles Richter created the Richter Magnitude Scale in 1935. It was originally designed to compare the size of different earthquakes in a certain area of California using the Wood-Anderson torsion seismograph. He eventually modified the scale to be able to measure the size of earthquakes all around the world. A seismograph measures the energy generated by an earthquake on the Richter Scale.

Calculating the logarithm of the amplitude of waves recorded by the seismograph yields a base-10 logarithmic scale. Most contemporary earthquakes are measured on the Richter scale, allowing scientists to compare earthquakes’ strengths at different locations. The Richter scale is a scientific measurement method based on the magnitude of an earthquake, which allows professionals to more accurately compare the intensity of earthquakes at different times and in different parts of the world or even parts of the world.

When comparing the readings, a VIII on the Mercalli scale is roughly equivalent to a 6 or 7 on the Richter scale, suggesting that chimneys are collapsing and structures are being damaged. The Richter scale spans from 2.0 to 10.0, or perhaps greater, but no such event has ever been documented. The scale’s consistency changes depending on the distance from the epicentre, but the quake as a whole is assigned a single number.

What is Mercalli Scale?

The seismic metric is the Mercalli intensity scale. Based on its consequences, it assigns a number to an earthquake ranging from I to XII. The Richter scale measures the energy produced during an earthquake, while the Mercalli scale assesses the amount of damage that an earthquake can cause.

On a scale from I (not felt) to XII (complete devastation), the Mercalli scale measures the impacts of an earthquake on the Earth’s surface, humans, natural items, and man-made buildings.” The Mercalli Intensity Scale assesses an earthquake’s severity by looking at how it affects people, the environment, and the earth’s surface.

The Mercalli Intensity Scale is only helpful for evaluating earthquakes in populated regions, and it is not regarded as especially scientific because witnesses’ accounts may differ, and the damage produced may not exactly represent the magnitude of an earthquake. However, it is used to compare the damage produced by earthquakes in various locations.

Main Differences Between Richter Scale and Mercalli Scale

  1. The Richter scale was created to provide a single value to the amount of energy generated during an earthquake, whereas the Mercalli Scale provides a number to the magnitude of an earthquake’s effects.
  2. The Richter Scale was developed in 1935, whereas the Mercalli Scale was developed in 1884 and 1906.
  3. Charles Francis Richter developed the Richter Scale, whereas Giuseppe Mercalli developed the Mercalli Scale.
  4. The Richter scale assesses the magnitude of the seismic event of an earthquake and other numerically quantifiable regions, whereas the Mercalli scale is used to assess the magnitude of an earthquake.
  5. The measuring tool of the Richter scale is observation, whereas the measuring tool of Mercalli is Seismograph.
References
  1. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/00288306.1966.10420201
  2. https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/7562237/
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