Difference Between Roman Catholic and Catholic (With Table)

Christianity is said to be the oldest religion of the world, it started around 1 century and still practised traditionally. The population following Christianity is largest in the whole world, they constitute around 33% of the world’s population.

History of Christianity can be traced with Jesus Christ, when Christ died, his 12 apostles propagated his teaching and messages to the world. Which came to be known as Christianity. With teaching, a common centre for worship was developed which is known as the church.

When Christianity started, it is believed that they had only one church, and there was no difference of opinions, teachings, faiths, etc., but this unity shattered when the opinion of making a headquarter that would represent the Christians at a particular location and they would teach the teachings of Christianity.

Conflict of ideas arose in this case and the population of Christianity got divided into many smaller groups. Some of them believed that the church should be built in Rome and others believed that church should be built in Constantinople, people who believe in the construction of a church in Rome called themselves Roman catholic and rest are known as orthodox catholic.

These groups got further divided due to the internal conflict of ideas and differences in faiths and still, the differences within Christianity prevails. 

Roman Catholic vs Catholic

The difference between Roman Catholic and catholic is the difference in their beliefs and ideas. Both of them are part of Christianity but Roman catholic is a larger section of the group when compared catholic.


Comparison Table Between Roman Catholic and Catholic

Parameters of ComparisonRoman CatholicCatholic
Immaculate conception of Virgin MaryBelievesDoes not believe
Change in original scriptureMade changesDid not make changes
PurgatoryBelievesDoes not believe
Canon as lawFollowsDoes not follow
The authority of pope or bishopBelievesDoes not believe


What is Roman Catholic?

Roman Catholic is a group within the Christianity that follows the Roman Catholic church. Their beliefs and ideas contain the practice of following St. Peter and their teachings.

St. Peter as one of the 12 apostles of Jesus Christ and Roman catholic believes the authority of the bishop of Rome and pope, and they are held through ordination and successors of Peter and the apostles.

The pope being the successor of Peter, is considered as the vicar of Christ. Roman Catholics claim the authenticity of the church and believe that roman catholic church to be the one, holy, catholic, and apostolic church who possess all the properties of one true church of Jesus Christ.

The Roman Catholics believe that the Roman Catholic Church follows the right path shown by Jesus Christ and which is even mentioned in the Bible and other holy books.  they believe in purgatory according to which the soul needs to be purified to enter heaven otherwise the soul deserves to be in hell.

The mean worship of Roman Catholic includes the celebration of mass eucharist Which is the commemoration of the sacrifice of Jesus Christ and his resurrection. The other requirements of Roman Catholics include baptism, penance, matrimony, anointing, confirmation and the holy orders. Roman catholic are believers of Canon as law.

Roman Catholic are believers of virgin Mary and other saints, they believe in the immaculate conception of Virgin Mary, their relics are included in the prayers and are made them intercede with God. Roman Catholic Church is one of the largest organisations in the world.


What is Catholic?

The term Catholic means orthodox and thus the believers of Catholics are also known as Catholic or Greek orthodox. Their origin can be traced when the group got divided and the people who did not join the Roman Catholic became Catholic for Greek orthodox.

Their practices are different from that of the Roman Catholics and so there are beliefs. They believe Jesus Christ to be the son of God. They believe in the Bible and consider it to be the error-free words of Jesus Christ but they do not include some books of the Bible, which are included in the Roman Catholic Bible.

They believe that the words of Christ Should remain unchanged and thus they do not consider any change in scriptures and follow traditional Christianity. They do not believe in change or any addition to scripture.

Catholic do not believe in the theory of virgin Mary and rather think that she was mortal and already prepared to bear Christ. Unlike Roman Catholic, Catholics do not believe in canon as law. Canon is a set of laws arranged by the Church. They do not believe in any authorities like the pope.

Catholic even believe that every soul after death goes to the house of the dead, hades, and waits for Christ to rise again. And once the body will rise all souls will unite with him. And thus, do not believe in purgatory.

Main Differences Between Roman Catholic and Catholic

  1. Roman Catholic is the largest group compared to Catholic or Greek orthodox groups.
  2. Roman Catholic believe the canon as law where hours Catholic do not support the existence of Canon as law.
  3. Roman Catholics have Bishop and popes as authorities whereas Catholics do not believe in any kind of papal authority.
  4. Roman Catholic immaculate the conception of Virgin Mary on the other hand Catholic believed that she was mortal and was already prepared to bear Christ.
  5. Roman Catholics believe in purgatory and purification of the soul on contrary Catholic do not believe in purgatory.
  6. Roman Catholic have made some additions to the original Bible whereas Catholics believe in unchanged scriptures, and they did not make any additions to the original Bible.



Roman Catholic and Catholic are two different sects within Christianity but with time the originality of differences has diminished a lot. Roman Catholic and Catholic have different leaves, ideas, and faith which needs to be considered by Christianity. Both of them believe Jesus Christ as the trinity, but follow different paths to reach God. 


  1. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/0305569860120201
  2. https://www.jstor.org/stable/589283
2D vs 3D