Difference Between Roman Catholic and Protestant Bible (With Table)

Religions have different divisions or sects. A Christian may be a Catholic, a protestant, a Gnostic, an Angelical, or an orthodox Christian. A long time ago, there was a reformation that resulted in Catholic and protestant Christians. These two branches of Christianity have very different ideologies and approaches.

The six ethics groups that are considered to build up Christianity are Church of the East, Eastern Orthodoxy, Oriental Orthodoxy, Protestantism, Roman Catholicism, and Restorationism. They have their origins in the same location. Disagreements and differences in views and beliefs among them have resulted in the formation of six mainstream groups.

Roman Catholic vs Protestant Bible

The difference between Roman Catholics and the protestant bible is that Roman Catholics are Christians that believe in the pope in Rome while the protestant bible is the bible followed by protestant Christians. The Roman Catholics believe in Jesus and that the saints have a connection with Jesus, and their prayers are heard first.

The word “Roman Catholic” is used for the Christian community who are the Catholic Church members and believe in the pope in Rome. Roman Catholics are often used to distinguish between Catholics who follow the Latin Church and its Roman rite from those who follow the Eastern Catholic Churches with various Eastern rites.

Protestant Bibles are Christian Bibles that have been translated or revised by Protestants. For a total of 66 books, such Bibles include 39 Old Testament books (according to the Hebrew Bible canon, known particularly to non-Protestants as the protocanonical books) and 27 New Testament books.

Comparison Table Between Roman Catholic and Protestant Bible

Parameters of ComparisonRoman CatholicProtestant Bible
MeaningRoman Catholics are a Christian community that believes in the pope of Rome.The Protestant Bible is a revised edition of the Christian bible, which is followed by the protestants.
Origin and historyThe history traces back to Jesus Christ and the apostles.It originated in the sixteenth century after Martin Luther in 1534 started the reformation.
PopeRoman Catholics believe in the pope as the head of the church and also in Vatican City.The protestant bible believes that Jesus is the head of the church.
Prayer  Roman Catholics believe in praying to Jesus and also the saints.The Protestant bible states a direct connection between humans and God, and the protestants pray only to Jesus.
SacramentsConfirmation, Baptism,  the Eucharist, Penance, Matrimony, Holy Orders, and Anointing of the sickBaptism and The Eucharist, also known as Lord’s Supper
Total no. of booksRoman Catholic bible consists of a total of 100 books, out of which the old testament has 73 books, and the new testament has 27 books.The Protestant Bible consists of a total of 93 books, out of which the old testament has 66 books, and the new testament has 27 books.

What is Roman Catholic?

The Roman Catholic Church’s teachings and traditions are referred to as Roman Catholicism. Roman Catholics believe that the pope, bishop of Rome, is the head, and they are under their jurisdiction. They consider the bishop to be Peter’s spiritual successors.

The celebration of the Mass, or Eucharist, which commemorates Christ’s sacrificial death and resurrection, is at the heart of Roman Catholic worship. The sacraments of the Roman Catholics are baptism, penance, confirmation, anointing of the sick, holy order, and matrimony. The Virgin Mary, along with other saints, are respected for their ideologies and are offered prayers by the Roman Catholics for them to connect with God on their behalf. 

According to Catholic theologians, faith is motivated by “the authority of God revealing.” The preambles of faith are said to demonstrate that it is fair to believe in God and that he has revealed himself. This testimony, combined with the belief that if God does announce himself, he does so authoritatively (i.e., through church authorities), motivates an individual to act on faith.

Best Choice
The Catholic Study Bible
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The Revised Standard Version Catholic Bible
The Catholic Youth Bible, 4th Edition, NABRE: New American Bible Revised Edition
The Catholic Study Bible
The Revised Standard Version Catholic Bible
The Catholic Youth Bible, 4th Edition, NABRE: New American Bible Revised Edition
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Best Choice
The Catholic Study Bible
The Catholic Study Bible
-
Best Price
The Revised Standard Version Catholic Bible
The Revised Standard Version Catholic Bible
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The Catholic Youth Bible, 4th Edition, NABRE: New American Bible Revised Edition
The Catholic Youth Bible, 4th Edition, NABRE: New American Bible Revised Edition
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What is Protestant Bible?

It is the Bible for Protestants in which only Hebrew scriptures are accepted. The new testament consists of 66 books, while the new testament holds 27 books. Martin Luther’s hostility to the Catholic Church resulted in the founding of protestants. The Protestant Bible is the Protestants’ adapted edition of the Bible.

The Protestant Bible generally left out the canonical ones that were deemed significant. Though the Protestant Bible did not originally include the “Apocrypha,” many English-speaking Protestants agreed to include them in a separate portion of the Old Testament, even though the “Apocrypha” is not considered canonical.

In recent years, protestant Bibles containing the “Apocrypha” have grown in popularity. Though they share many similarities, protestants have a different focused and, in certain ways, contradictory approach to Christianity.

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Main Differences Between Roman Catholic and Protestant Bible

  1. The Hebrew Bible used by the Roman Catholics is divided into 24 books. The Jamnia Council in A.D. 90 and A.D. 118 confirmed this list, while the Protestant Old Testament is divided into 39 volumes. 
  2. The Hebrew Bible consists of one Samuel book, but the Protestant Bible consists of two Samuel books: I and II Samuel. The latter one is divided into two parts, but Samuel in both the Bibles have the same content. 
  3. Roman Catholics have the bible in the old testament consisting of 73 books, whereas the Protestant bible consists of only 66 books.
  4. Tobit, Wisdom of Solomon, Judith, Baruch (includes the Letters of Jeremiah), Ecclesiasticus (Sirach), I and II Maccabees, and Daniel and Esther additions round out the Catholic Old Testament. They are present in the Catholic Bible used by Roman Catholics, but they are not included in the Protestant bible.
  5. The Roman Catholics believe that the bread and wine used during the mass are from Jesus’s body and blood. The protestants believe that the bread and drink represent the body and blood of Jesus. 
  6. Roman Catholics also worship saints along with Jesus. The Protestant bible only believes in god and states that there is a direct connection between God and humans.

Conclusion

Religion has always played an important role in history. It demonstrates the richness and diversity of our culture. Change is necessary and will continue to be a part of life. The world will continue to evolve as new ideas and ideals emerge. Despite the few variations between the Roman Catholics and Protestant Bibles, there are new versions and revisions within these two bibles, one is the Catholic bible followed by Roman Catholics, and another is the protestant bible. 

Their thoughts, values, and methods of approach vary widely, from the number of books they own to their Eucharist, their opinions and point of views on the Pope, their faith in God, and the prayer methods. Despite their differences, both Roman Catholics and protestant Catholics believe in and worship Jesus Christ. The Protestant Bible was created by changing and altering the Roman Catholic Bible in a few ways. It is an updated and translated edition, not a fully new version.

References

  1. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0304422X17301778  
  2. https://psycnet.apa.org/record/1980-03241-001
  3. https://books.google.co.in/books?hl=en&lr=&id=SJGhYCqVflUC&oi=fnd&pg=PR9&dq=protestant+bible&ots=I-CgA3I5jW&sig=VVvHsU4vapLUE4cqpMic17nJuoA&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=protestant%20bible&f=false

Last update on 2021-10-17 / Amazon Affiliate links / Images from Amazon Product Advertising API

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