RTD vs Thermocouple: Difference and Comparison

The world today has changed enormously. It is changing at a great speed over time, and almost every field is growing rapidly. May it be science, arts, music, literature, technology, engineering, medicine, or architecture.

Several inventions have been made of several devices, and they have helped human beings in their daily lives to carry out various tasks easily and hassle-free. Various discoveries have been made that have made things and concepts clearer to people.

However, to measure temperature, there are certain instruments that are used. A thermometer is used mainly to measure body temperature, but there are other devices as well.

Two of those devices are 1. RTD or Resistance Temperature Detector, and 2. Thermocouple.

Key Takeaways

  1. RTD (Resistance Temperature Detector) measures temperature by sensing changes in electrical resistance, while thermocouple measures temperature by sensing changes in voltage.
  2. RTD is more accurate and stable over time than a thermocouple.
  3. Thermocouples can measure a wider range of temperatures than RTD.

RTD vs Thermocouple

An RTD is used to describe a type of sensor that measures temperature based on the change in resistance of a metal wire as the temperature changes. A thermocouple is a type of sensor that measures temperature based on the voltage generated when two different metals are joined together.

RTD vs Thermocouple

The RTD is a type of device that is used to measure temperature. It is made of a thin wire, most of the RTDs are made of thin wire, but other types of RTDs also use other materials.

The RTD is the Resistance Temperature Detector. It is also addressed as Resistance Thermometer.

The thermocouple is a type of device or sensor that is used for the measurement of temperature. Various processes that require measuring temperature make use of thermocouples to do so.

Several companies in a variety of styles produce them. These thermocouples vary from each other slightly.

Comparison Table

Parameters of ComparisonRTDThermocouple
Suitable temperatureIt is mostly suitable for the measurement of low temperatures. It is mostly suitable for the measurement of high temperatures.
AccuracyMoreLess
StabilityMoreLess
Number of shiftsLessMore
Form of outputLinearNone-linear

What is RTD?

The RTD is a type of device that is used to measure temperature. This temperature-measuring device is available in different styles depending on the construction of the device.

Also Read:  Background Extinction vs Mass Extinction: Difference and Comparison

However, the main and basic structure of an RTD is quite simpler. It is very well known and most used for its advantages.

The RTD is a Resistance Temperature Detector or is also known as Resistance Temperature.

During the construction of a resistance temperature detector, the utmost attention is given to the selection and design of the protective sheaths that are present in it. These sheaths play an important role in the overall working of the device.

These protective sheaths are called do because they make sure that during any chemical or physical hazard, the main device is protected and the convenient points for attachments are provided.

These devices use electrical resistance for the overall operation of the device.

Because they use electrical resistance, they require a power supply to work. The wiring configurations are different in different detectors.

There is a two-wire, three-wire, or even four-wire configuration. The Resistance Temperature detector has certain limitations and advantages. The advantages include it provides low drift, wide range for an operation, etc.

What is Thermocouple?

The thermocouple is a type of device or sensor that is used for the measurement of temperature.

The working of a thermocouple includes the joining of two wires that are made up of two different metals, and one of the wires is heated, and the current is passed through the thermoelectric circuit.

A thermocouple is a sensor, to be precise, that is used to measure temperature during various chemical and physical processes.

Several companies in a variety of styles produce them. These thermocouples vary from each other slightly. They have their independent advantages and disadvantages.

Different types of thermocouples include thermocouples with probes, thermocouples with probes and connectors, thermocouples with probes with a transition joint, thermocouples with bare with a transition joint, and thermocouple with a bare, thermocouple that is only a wire, etc.

People choose the thermocouple for various processes depending on the necessity and use.

Also Read:  Aponeurosis vs Tendon: Difference and Comparison

If made use of nicely and with great precautions, a thermocouple is a very effective sensor device, and it completes its purpose successfully.

It also provides great advantages like it is cost-effective, it provides a measurement of wide ranges of temperature, it comes with a construction that is rugged, it does not require additional bridged circuits, etc.

Main Differences Between RTD and Thermocouple

  1. A resistance temperature detector is slightly costly. On the other hand, the thermocouple is not costly.
  2. The output obtained by a resistance temperature detector is linear. On the other hand, the output obtained by a thermocouple is non-linear.
  3. The response time produced by a resistance temperature detector is good, but it is comparatively slower. On the other hand, the response time produced by a thermocouple is faster.
  4. A resistance temperature detector records the small fluctuations. On the other hand, the small fluctuations are not recorded by thermocouples.
  5. A resistance temperature detector is more sensitive. On the other hand, the thermocouple is less sensitive.
  6. A resistance temperature detector is more accurate. On the other hand, the thermocouple is less accurate.
  7. A resistance temperature detector is more suitable for the measurement of small ranges of temperature. On the other hand, the thermocouple is more suitable for the measurement of big ranges of temperature. And thermocouples are extremely important for the measurement of temperature during various physical and chemical processes.
Difference Between RTD and Thermocouple
References
  1. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/09654319808720451
  2. https://www.osti.gov/biblio/20002672

Last Updated : 11 June, 2023

dot 1
One request?

I’ve put so much effort writing this blog post to provide value to you. It’ll be very helpful for me, if you consider sharing it on social media or with your friends/family. SHARING IS ♥️

8 thoughts on “RTD vs Thermocouple: Difference and Comparison”

  1. The comparison table is very helpful in understanding the differences between RTD and Thermocouple. The systematic approach to explaining the parameters of comparison is commendable.

    Reply
  2. Thanks for providing a detailed comparison between RTD and Thermocouple. It has helped me gain a better understanding of these temperature-measuring devices.

    Reply
  3. Your comparisons and explanations are both well thought out and very informative. The detailed descriptions of RTD and Thermocouple provide a comprehensive understanding of these temperature-measuring devices.

    Reply
  4. The main differences between RTD and Thermocouple are well-articulated. This allows readers to grasp the distinct characteristics of these temperature-measuring devices.

    Reply
  5. Your explanations about the construction and working of RTD and Thermocouple devices are thorough and well-presented. It provides a clear understanding of their functionalities.

    Reply
  6. The key takeaways you’ve presented are clear and concise. The detailed explanations about RTD and Thermocouple show the thoroughness of the content.

    Reply
  7. The detailed references provided at the end of the article demonstrate the credibility of the information presented about RTD and Thermocouple. It adds scholarly value to the content.

    Reply
  8. The in-depth description of RTD and Thermocouple, along with their advantages and limitations, makes this article a valuable resource for those interested in temperature measurement.

    Reply

Leave a Comment

Want to save this article for later? Click the heart in the bottom right corner to save to your own articles box!