Difference Between Sexuality and Sexual Orientation (With Table)

The two notions i.e. “sexuality” and “sexual orientations” are frequently misconstrued since the distinctions between their applications appear to be muddled. Using these three words, who, what, and how, the difference in the meaning of the two phrases is simply understood. These terms aid in determining the meaning of the two notions. Hence to clarify both the meanings, this article will outline the differences between both the terms.

Sexuality vs Sexual Orientation

The difference between sexuality and sexual orientation is that sexuality is more than simply “sex” and the physical characteristics of men and women. Sexuality encompasses a person’s sexual orientation, which includes who they are drawn to and whether they identify themselves as heterosexual, gay, or bisexual. Sexual orientation, on the other hand, refers to sexual and romantic sentiments shared by persons of the same gender, a different gender, or many genders. People who classify as “straight” and “heterosexual” are often drawn to people from a different sexual identity.

The sexuality of a person dictates whether or not they are attracted to others. This type of attraction is usually sexual as well as romantic in nature. A person’s display of love inside a partnership is referred to as romantic attraction. This connection is not sexual, and a person doesn’t have to be attracted towards both sexual or romantic things to be intimate.

Sexual orientation, on the other hand, is a phrase that describes your social, emotional, or intimate attraction tendency. Attraction or being drawn towards the same sex (homosexuality), a gender other except your own (heterosexuality), both males and females (bisexuality), all sexes (pansexuality), or none (normative sexual orientation) (asexuality).

Comparison Table Between Sexuality and Sexual Orientation

Parameters of ComparisonSexualitySexual Orientation
MeaningThe sexuality of a person dictates whether or not they are attracted to others.Sexual orientation is a phrase that describes your social, emotional, or intimate attraction tendency.
ConstituentsSexuality consists of sexual motivations and ideologies and it is independent of the type of person.Sexual orientation is the lifestyle which is chosen by a person depending on their sexuality.
EffectThe sexuality is sex and gender independent hence every gender and every person has a sexuality.Sexual orientation simply represents the sexuality and partner one chooses for romanticism and sexual intercourse.
Social ApproachesSexuality is socially share-able.Sexual orientation is a personal preference and directl;y asking about it to a stranger can be offensive.
Type of TerminologyIt is a biological terminology.It is a social and lifestyle-based term colloquially used.

What is Sexuality?

The ‘what’ as well as ‘how’ of interpreting the various words is sexuality. Whatever you like to do sexually as well as how you like to do it. Your behavioral habits and aspirations are influenced by your sexuality. So may have a tendency toward other sexual categories, which is part of the inclination, because you’ll have sexual sensations and activities as you appreciate your sexuality inside that alignment.

You will also have sexually arousing feelings and experience sexuality whether you are actually attracted to men or women relationships. There are several types of sexual relationships, and remaining celibacy may be your decision, but it is a personal choice, not your sexuality.

A person’s sexuality determines if they’re not attracted to others. This form of attraction is typically both sexual and sentimental in character. Romantic feelings highly recommend a person’s show of affection inside a relationship.

Human sexuality refers to how people feel and express themselves sexually. This includes sensations and actions that are physiological, sexual, physical, emotional, societal, or spiritual. It lacks a definite definition since it is a wide phrase that has altered with historical situations over time. The biological and physical components of sexuality are primarily concerned with human reproduction activities, which include the human sexual arousal cycle.

What is Sexual Orientation?

The “who” component of determining sexual proclivities is sexual orientation. Who will you be when it comes to sexual characters? There are varying meanings of sexual orientation, which are associated with the partner you prefer. Heterosexual as well as plain, gay or lesbian, ambidextrous (meaning both sexes), asexual (not drawn to every sex), and asexual (not attracted to any physical intimacy).

Other distinctions and terminologies are utilized to add classifications to this broad topic. Polysexuality is defined as an attraction to partners of any gender who engage in passionate sexual behaviors. Gays or homosexuals seek companions of the very same sex, whereas lesbians are women who desire equal sex relationships. The phrase “straight” and “heterosexual” refers to sexual interactions with people of the opposite sex.

Several biological elements that impact sexual orientation have been uncovered via research. Sexual orientation can be influenced by a person’s genes, developmental hormones, and brain shape. Human beings have pairs of chromosomes. Female growth is represented by two x chromosomes, whereas male development is represented by an x and a y chromosome. Androgen hormones, particularly testosterone, promote the course of male characteristics.

Main Differences Between Sexuality and Sexual Orientation

1. Sexual orientation is based on sexual preferences, whereas sexuality is based on genetic and emotional reasons.

2. Sexuality is a social and colloquial term that may be discussed in public, whereas sexual orientation is a personal and subjective concern.

3. Sexuality is a reflection of your gender, but sexual orientation is a reflection of your sexual desires toward the other gender, which may be opposing, similar, or both.

4. Sexual orientation is a psychological and emotional phenomenon, whereas sexuality is a biological phenomenon.

5. Sexual orientation is contingent and based on sexuality, whereas sexuality is independent of sexual orientation.

Conclusion

Sexuality and sexual orientation play a role in determining who you are and where you fit in society. Knowing which group you belong to has an impact on how you appear and who you socialize around. Sometimes the decisions you make might lead to sexual prejudice. Being sexual is an aspect of being men or a woman; you are born with such a sexual element to the personality.

As a man or woman grows, he or she will make lifestyle decisions that will establish his or her sexual orientation. These inclinations will become clear when they draw toward their preferred sexual grouping. Their sexuality would be a component of their lifestyle and their sexual behaviors within the sexual orientation group or community.

References

  1. https://www.plannedparenthood.org/learn/sexual-orientation/sexual-orientation
  2. https://www.healthlinkbc.ca/health-topics/abj9152
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