Difference Between Short Term Effects and Long Term Effects of Drug Abuse (With Table)

Short Term Effects vs Long Term Effects of Drug Abuse

Drugs are certain chemicals which when induced or taken into the body cause physical instability and mental imbalance. They alter the functions of the body and cause the psychological disorder.

Drugs can be legal or illegal depending on the type, quantity and several other factors. The use of certain drugs is legal in certain countries but may not be in other countries.

Several drugs are also found to treat and cure various illnesses in the human body. These are generally legal ones that are exceptionally produced for medical use. Legal drugs can be obtained over-the-counter or by a prescription from a registered medical practitioner.

Different drugs trigger different actions and mechanisms in the human body. The drugs which are bound to be legal can also be misused for other purposes than it is intended to. Illegal drugs are those that are forbidden by law for usage.

The overuse of drugs in humans can induce short term as well as long term effects. Drug abuse is nothing but wrong and incorrect usage of drugs, irrespective of legal or illegal. Drug abuse habits can generally be overcome or changed over time.

There are many similarities between the two, however, there are a few differences too. The main difference between Short Term Effects and Long Term Effects of Drug Abuse is that the short term effects affect the physical and mental state for a small period and long term effects comparatively sustain in the body for a prolonged duration of time.


 

Comparison Table Between Short Term Effects and Long Term Effects of Drug Abuse (in Tabular Form)

Parameter of ComparisonShort Term Effects of Drug AbuseLong Term Effects of Drug Abuse
Time DurationStays only for a small period and the effects start to diminish when proper treatment is given.Affects the functions of the body for a longer duration of time and can cause certain irreversible changes in the body if proper action is not taken.
SymptomsThe common symptoms are hangover, anxiety, panic attack, feeling irritated, becoming paranoid, etc.The common symptoms of long term drug abuse are loss of appetite, hallucination, schizophrenia, depression, etc.
CharacterAffects the behaviour of the person in an intermittent manner causing trouble in personal life.Affects the overall character, personality and lifestyle of the person.
Remedial ActionMonitoring the potential person carefully and placing the medicines that are abused in a safe place prevents the problem in advancing to the next critical stage.Getting help from rehabilitation centres, enrolling in detox programs, spending time with loved ones and engaging in other productive activity can help a person to recover.
TreatmentA simple treatment for a short period is sufficient for a person to recover from short time effects.Effective treatment, counselling and medication for longer span may help a person to recover from long time effects.

 

What are Short Term Effects of Drug Abuse?

Abusing drugs is very harmful and dangerous to the mind and body. Certain legal drugs can be obtained as prescribed medicines or over-the-counter that can cause short term effects when using it for a small amount of time.

Often people experience short term effects of drug abuse without their knowledge of misusing the drug or taking the drug in higher quantities than that was prescribed.

The short term effects stay for a smaller period and can be treated and cured if found and identified at an earlier stage. It can be identified by observing the general symptoms such as hangover, headaches, vomiting, nausea, etc.

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The treatment is generally easy and simple and can be effectively cured with proper care and routine.

Short Term Effects of Drug Abuse
Short Term Effects of Drug Abuse
 

What are Long Term Effects of Drug Abuse?

Certain prescription drugs cause certain changes and side effects on physical and mental health. It should be brought forward to the notice of the physician who recommended the particular drug.

The drugs should not be misused for improving the sleep pattern or improving the concentration of mind or for energising oneself.

The long term effects of drug abuse change the working pattern of the brain and affect the physical and psychological character and lifestyle of the person for a long period.

It involves a time consuming complex treatment and medication combined with counselling to cure and treat an individual who had been abusing drugs for a long period.

Long Term Effects of Drug Abuse
Long Term Effects of Drug Abuse

Main Differences Between Short Term Effects and Long Term Effects of Drug Abuse

  1. Both short term and long term effects of drug abuse have similar deteriorating results on a person’s physical and mental health. The main difference between Short Term Effects and Long Term Effects of Drug Abuse is, short term effects stay for a lesser period and can be easily treated and cured but the long term effects stay for a long run and it potentially destroys the health of a person rapidly if it is not properly identified and treated.
  2. The symptoms of short term effects of drug abuse such as feeling irritated, sad and paranoid are not immediately and easily identifiable whereas a person with long term effects of drug abuse such as schizophrenia, depression, mood swings, hyperactivity and hallucination can be easily identified. 
  3. Short term effects of drug abuse lead to immediate recovery but long term effects of abusing drugs involve a stringent routine and discipline and often have few setbacks in the long run of recovering from it.
  4. Short term effects of drug abuse lead to nausea, watery eyes, loss of appetite, headache, etc., whereas long term effects pose a serious risk to the physical health of an individual leading to abnormal weight loss, impaired vision, Parkinson’s disease, etc.
  5. The treatment for short term effects of drug abuse are rather simple and can be combined with some counselling to cure an individual but treatment for long term effects are difficult to cure and needs extensive medication and detox sessions.

 

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Conclusion

There is a vast difference between Drug Abuse and Drug Addiction. Drug abuse is also known as Substance Abuse and it eventually leads to drug addiction if not properly identified and treated. Certain drugs are not to be sold over-the-counter without a valid prescription from a practitioner, failing which leads to a legal punishment under the law.

Recovering from the effects of drug abuse is a long and time-consuming process. It involves certain setbacks and relapse if the person is not taken care of properly. Long term effects are mostly perilous to a person’s health. The short term effects can be treated and cured in a short span effectively whereas the long term effects of abusing drugs involve a complex treatment to cure and bring back the person to a right track in life.


 

Word Cloud for Difference Between Short Term Effects and Long Term Effects of Drug Abuse

The following is a collection of the most used terms in this article on Short Term Effects and Long Term Effects of Drug Abuse. This should help in recalling related terms as used in this article at a later stage for you.

Difference Between Short Term Effects and Long Term Effects of Drug Abuse
Word Cloud for Short Term Effects and Long Term Effects of Drug Abuse

 

References

  1. https://psycnet.apa.org/journals/ccp/57/4/559.html?uid=1989-41065-001
  2. https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/article-abstract/377607
  3. https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.2190/N2JC-9DXB-BLFD-41EA
  4. https://ajph.aphapublications.org/doi/pdfplus/10.2105/AJPH.84.9.1394

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