Difference Between Silencer and Suppressor (With Table)

A muzzle device is an attachment to the guns or vehicles, which redirects a portion of propellant gases to counter recoil and unwanted muzzle rise. Similarly, the silencer and suppressor are way more important than the barrel, magazine, trigger, trigger guard, and pistol grip in any gun. 

Silencer vs Suppressor

The difference between silencer and suppressor is that the silencer is a muzzle device, more or less an attachment to the engine to attenuate the sound of a gunshot or fire. Whereas a Suppressor is also like a silencer nevertheless, its function is to eliminate the muzzle flash while firing a gun. 

As mentioned above, a silencer is a legal muzzle device that can be fixed to a weapon that helps to attenuate the noise of a gunshot or any cacophony intensity efficiently. To put it in simple words, while firing, the gunshots are inclined to produce sound, so the silencer is attached to the gun to reduce the intensity of the shot. 

On the other hand, a suppressor is also a muzzle device like a silencer, but with an additional job that is to reduce the acoustic intensity of a gunshot plus to eliminate the muzzle flash as well. However, a suppressor is a common market name used for silencers to amass more customers. 

Comparison Table Between Silencer and Suppressor 

Parameters of ComparisonSilencerSuppressor 
Meaning A silencer is a legal muzzle device that can be fixed to the weapon and helps to undermine the sound of a gunshot or any cacophony intensity. A suppressor is also a muzzle device attached to the gun or any weapon to reduce the acoustic intensity of a gunshot and also eliminate the muzzle flash. Generally, the suppressor is a technical term that is used to promote the market of silencers. A suppressor is a market name for the silencer to entice customers. 
Etymology In 1902, Hiram Percy Maxim invented the world’s first commercial silencer on the market. In 1909, Maxim got his patent and used the term ‘Suppressor’ instead of Silencer, to tout the product in the market. 
TypesThere are four types of silencer used as a firearm- Reactive, dissipative, dispersive, and absorptive. There are two types of names used in the market to refer to suppressors- monocore and stacked baffles. 
UseA silencer is used during a firearm, to reduce the noise produced by the gunshot. The noise is generated by gases of the engine, so a silencer is attached to reduce the sound.A suppressor is used for debasing the gunshot noise, as well as the muzzle flash, so that a shooter can view the scene lucidly.  
Design A silencer is made up of aluminium, steel, and titanium in a cylindrical shape that is attached to the muzzle of a weapon. In simple words, various suppressors, baffles, and spacers are added together into a single assembly to brew a silencer. A suppressor is similar to the design of a silencer, but internal baffles are added to the suppressor that eliminates muzzle flash by releasing gas inside the device. 

What is Silencer?

A silencer is a legal muzzle tool that can be fixed to a weapon that can help to curtail the intensity of a gunshot or any mellifluous sound while firing. Hiram Percy Maxim, an American inventor and son of the gun inventor Hiram Stevens Maxim, is imputed for the discovery of commercially available silencers in 1902.

Hiram took products from hardware stores to come up with this invention. Subsequently, Hiram had been given the patent for inventing the silencer, a tool that could make firearms quieter to not disturb pedestrians while shooting. 

A silencer is made up of aluminium, steel, and titanium in a cylindrical shape, which is attached to the muzzle of a weapon. Along with various suppressors, baffles, and spacers, a silencer is also included to complete the setup of a proper gun to function.

And since then, silencers were widely used during a firearm, eventually to minimize the noise produced while shooting guns. Moreover, these cacophonous noises are generated by gases of the engine, so everyone has started using a silencer to reduce the sound. Furthermore, four types of silencers are introduced, such as reactive, dissipative, dispersive, and absorptive.

What is Suppressor? 

On the contrary, a suppressor is also a muzzle device like a silencer, which can reduce the acoustic intensity of a gunshot as well as eliminate the muzzle flash while firing guns. Furthermore, a suppressor is often referred to as a silencer in most markets, as it is used by sellers in the marketplace to attract customers to the business. 

To put it in simple words, a suppressor is a silencer in markets whose job is to eliminate the muzzle flash additional to reducing the firing sound. The inventor of the silencer, Maxim, was also the inventor of the suppressor, but the only difference is the term Suppressor is used instead of Silencer in the marketplace to tout the product. 

With the internal baffles added to the suppressor, the whole system eliminates muzzle flash alongside the noise by releasing gas inside the device. To put it in a nutshell, a suppressor is used in a gun to attenuate the noise of the gunshot as well as the muzzle flash. So, accordingly, while shooting, the shooter would get a crystal and clear target with their silencer or suppressor attached gun. 

Over and above, suppressor also has two types, namely, monocore and stacked baffles in the marketplace. 

Main Differences Between Silencer and Suppressor

  1. A silencer is a muzzle device attached to the engine to undermine the sound of a gunshot or fire. On the other hand, Suppressor is similar to a silencer, but a suppressor helps to eliminate the muzzle flash. 
  2. A silencer was invented by Hiram Percy Maxim in 1902, Whereas a suppressor was introduced to the market term for suppressor in order to entice customers in 1909. 
  3. A silencer is designed with steel, metal, aluminium, and titanium in a cylindrical shape and attached to the muzzle. Besides, a silencer is generated by a single assembly made from several suppressors, baffles, and spacers. Notwithstanding, Suppressor is created by the instalment of internal baffles to eliminate the muzzle flash.
  4. Silencer has four different types: Reactive, dissipative, dispersive, and absorptive. To contract, a suppressor has two major types- monocore and stacked baffles. 
  5. The silencer is used for the purpose of spurn of the acoustic sound of a gunshot or the engine, albeit a suppressor works to reduce the noise of the engine as well as annihilate the muzzle flash for a clear view. 

Conclusion

A silencer and suppressor are similar, but people use the two terms in a different way, where silencer is used in the firearm, whereas suppressor is used for touting or selling silencer in the market. The silencer was created by Hiram Percy Maxim to reduce the noise of the engine by muzzle devices fixed in the weapon and was introduced to the world in 1902.

A silencer is made up of steel, titanium, and aluminium & several suppressor baffles and spacers are added into a single piece as a muzzle device that is called a silencer and attached to the device. A suppressor is a technical term of silencer used in the market to promote the products of the silencer in 1909. Suppressor has two types as monocore and stacked baffles which are attached internally to eliminate the muzzle flash as well as the noise of the engine while firing. A suppressor is made up of internal baffles that are fixed inside the muzzle device.

References

  1. https://www.osti.gov/biblio/136113
  2. https://europepmc.org/article/med/15796876
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