Difference Between So and Such (With Table)

So vs Such

The key difference between So and Such lies in the fact that ‘So’ refers to being specific to something while ‘such’ refers to a type or a kind.

‘So’ stands as an adverb or conjunction but ‘such’ stands for the determiner or pronoun in the part of speech. Example of ‘so’: Afrah is so beautiful. Example of ‘such’: It was such a nice drama.

When to use “So” and “Such”? It may get a little confusing for a writer when the main objective is to express the correct sense with the words used to describe a particular thing.

Both the words seem to be working just fine when we want to describe something which expresses something “very” and “really”.

But the subtle differences regarding when to use “So” and “Such” might arise a red flag for writing if the fundamental differences are unknown to an avid writer.

The word “So” is an adverb or conjunction used in a sentence to describe something in terms of high extreme.

The word sits behind and adjective or in some cases before adverb too.

The word “So” can also be used to describe something similar to a particular thing described in the sentence.

On the other hand, the word “Such” can be best described as a determiner or pronoun.

Such is used to describe a particular type mentioned in the sentence. Usually before a noun or a noun phrase of the sentence the word “Such” takes place.

Such can be used to put significant focus to something which describes the subject matter.


 

Comparison Table Between “So” and “Such” (in Tabular Form)

Parameter of ComparisonSoSuch
Definition“So” is used to describe something of high extreme or even to show or indicate similarity to something described in the sentenceSuch is a determiner, simultaneously it is an adverb. Such is used to put significance on the subject matter, describe a particular thing, something that has been previously described in the sentence.
In which parts of speech, it belongsIt plays the role of an adverb or conjunction in the sentence.Such works as a pronoun or determiner in the sentence
UsageIt is used to put strength on the adjective before which it is placed for correct expression on the subject matter.This determiner is sat before the words in a sentence that are already placed to mention the subject to a certain degree.
IndicationSo indicates something extreme, similar, call upon the previously mentioned matter in the sentence and even to describe something in a particular wayIt indicates the reader to put emphasize something used in the sentence after it, as the next words will describe something, something that was already mentioned in the sentence.
StructureSo + adjective or adverb phraseSuch + Noun or Noun phrase

 

When “So” is used?

To understand when the word “So” should be used some examples mentioned here will help.

For instance, “The man was so charming” here so is used to put more significance on the word charming. In this sentence “charming” is an adjective.

The sentence which in other words means, a certain man is very or charming. Let’s take another example for consideration: “It was so hot that the ice cube melted in seconds.”

In this sentence “so…. that” has been used to indicate that because of a certain condition some other event took place or happened apparently because of the effect of a certain condition.

For example, ‘Tarun likes to read “Harry Potter” in his leisure time. So does his sister’. Here the word “so” is used to express that Ravi’s sister has a similarity with him.

In other words, the sentence means Ravi loves to read books in his leisure times and his sister also loves to read books in her spare time. Which means the siblings share the same hobby.

“I really want the Adelaide Strikers to win this season”. In response replying with, “I hope so too”.

Here the second sentence in the conversation means agreeing with the sentence mentioned before.

In this case “So” is used to make consent by the second person participating in the conversation to the sentence delivered by the first person.

“I used to feel very lonely every night when my parents went to the village. So, playing badminton was my only pleasure in the evening”.

Here “So” has been used to relate to something said previously, for a particular reason or in accordance with something.

So
So word sample usage
 

When “Such” is used?

Such is used as a determiner and also as an adverb. Usually “Such” is used before the noun or noun phrase.

Like the previous section, some examples regarding the matter are provided for better understanding. “I like Virat Kohli. He is such an extraordinary batsman.” Here “such” has been used before the noun phrase extraordinary batsman to put importance on the name mentioned before.

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“She squashed the ball with such a great power that the ball ultimately went off the stadium.” Here “Such” is used to describe her strength in a particular manner which led the heavily squashed ball to leave out of the stadium.

“Elementary skills as such will never get you your dream job”. In this sentence “such” is used to relate to the part mentioned earlier in the sentence.

It also creates the link between both parts as in the first part will lead to the happening of the second event.

Such
Such word sample usage

Main Differences Between “So” and “Such”

  1. “So” is used to describe something of high extreme on the other hand “Such” is used as a determiner to put importance on the matter core to the sentence.
  2. “So” takes place in a sentence as an adverb whereas “Such” works as a pronoun.
  3. To put more emphasis on the adjective used in the sentence “So” is used. And “Such” can be used to express the subject matter to a specific degree.
  4. To point out the similarity, highly extreme level of the adjective, to describe something, referring to the aforementioned words “so” is used. Whereas “Such” is used to emphasize something, an action that leads to the happening of an event or after something already appeared in the sentence.

 

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) About “So” and “Such”

  1. What kind of Adjective is Such?

    ‘Such’ can be termed as an adjective of degree. It is a word that can be used in different ways in a sentence.

    As an adjective, ‘Such’ acts as an intensifier and is used to express a comparison of level or degree.

    Unlike other adjectives, it is not easy to categorize ‘Such’.

    It is generally termed as a determiner because it is often used to determine the nature or quality of a noun based on the comparison implied in the sentence. For example, ‘Laurie is such a great friend’.

  2. What is another word for 'Such'?

    You can use the word ‘Very’ in place of ‘Such’ in most cases. For instance, instead of saying, ‘he is such a good teacher’ you can say, ‘he is a very good teacher’.

    However, in certain contexts when the word ‘Such’ is used for comparing or pointing out something, one cannot replace it with ‘Very’.

    For example, ‘Such things should never happen again’.

  3. How is 'So' used in a sentence?

    ‘So’ is often used as a subordinating conjunction that connects two parts of a sentence by introducing a subordinate clause that expresses the result or outcome of the main clause.

    Here is an example of ‘So’ as a conjunction: ‘It was raining heavily so the flight was delayed’.

    ‘So’ is also used as a ‘Degree Adverb’ that expresses the degree or level to which an adverb applies.
    For example, ‘It was raining so heavily that we had to cancel the journey’.

    The word ‘So’ also works as an intensifier that emphasizes the meaning of an adverb or adjective. For example, ‘The fog was so thick that we could hardly see the road’.

  4. Is 'Such As' formal?

    Yes, ‘Such As’ is widely accepted as a formal phrase that can be used in formal writing.

    The phrase ‘Such As’ is mainly used for the example of ‘Noun’ or the subject that coming in the main clause of the sentence.

    Here is a sentence that uses ‘Such As’ to mention some examples: ‘In this zoo, there are many endangered animals, such as Amur Leopards, Gorillas, and Sea Turtles’.


 

Infographic

So vs Such

 

Conclusion

Both the words “So” and “Such” are used to put emphasis.

But whether to use “So” or “Such” an avid writer can easily find it out by judging the words used later.

If the next word is an adjective or adverb then go with “So”. If noun and noun phrase is found later on then “Such” Should definitely be used.


 

Word Cloud for Difference Between “So” and “Such”

The following is a collection of the most used terms in this article on “So” and “Such”. This should help in recalling related terms as used in this article at a later stage for you.

So and Such
Word Cloud for So and Such

 

References

  1. https://www.collinsdictionary.com/dictionary/english/so
  2. https://www.macmillandictionary.com/dictionary/british/such