Spasticity vs Rigidity: Difference and Comparison

Spasticity is related to damage to pyramidal tracts, and Rigidity causes damage to extrapyramidal lots. Muscle pain is caused by rigidity. Rigidity arises when muscles are unable to relax usually.

The brain and spinal cord, which control muscles and stretch, get damaged spasticity arises. Spasticity also causes acquired brain trauma and stroke.

Key Takeaways

  1. Spasticity is a type of muscle stiffness that results in involuntary muscle contractions, while rigidity is a sustained resistance to passive movement.
  2. Spasticity is caused by damage to the central nervous system, while rigidity is primarily associated with Parkinson’s disease and other neurological conditions.
  3. Spasticity is characterized by increased muscle tone, while rigidity is characterized by constant resistance to movement, making it difficult to initiate and control movements.

Spasticity vs Rigidity

Spasticity is a persistent rise in tension when a muscle is passively stretched or extended. It depends on velocity and gets worse at high speeds. While rigidity is increased muscle tone that is constant throughout the range of action, independent of speed. It may be a sign of basal ganglia disease.

Spasticity vs Rigidity

Spasticity occurs when continuous tightness occurs in the number of muscles. The upper Motor lesion in the pyramidal tract causes spasticity.

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The stiffness affects normal movement. It is uni-directional. In this brain and spinal cord get damaged.

Rigidity refers to the state in which a person cannot bend, twist or stretch. It is bi-directional. It is seen in extrapyramidal tracts.

It refers to a state of deformity under pressure. There is a disease called Parkinson’s disease, which is a particular type of neurological disease.

Comparison Table

Parameters of ComparisonSpasticityRigidity
DefinitionThe condition in which muscle contraction occursThe condition in which a person is unable to bend.
LesionPyramidal tractExtrapyramidal rigidity
MusclesEither Antagonist or agonistBoth the Antagonist and agonist
RigiditySensitive on stretchNot sensitive on stretch
HypertoniaClasp knifeLead pipe

What is Spasticity?

Spasticity happens when numerous muscles suffer stiffness. When a person tries to move a joint, then spasticity seizes the movement.

. The messages from the central nervous system do not reach the spinal cord in this condition. The degeneration of myelin causes spasticity.

Myelin is a fatty white substance that forms an insulating membrane. It also occurs due to the contraction of the extensor muscles.

Cerebral palsy causes spasticity. Spasticity also causes acquired brain trauma and stroke.

Muscle tone rises and causes rigidity which is called hypertonicity. Nocturnal awakening is one of the symptoms of spasticity.

Tense muscles, jerky movement, non-proper positioning of the arm, wrist, or any other body part-Clonus, which are uncontrollable muscle spasms, is one of the symptoms of spasticity. Velocity is a significant factor in spasticity due to faster movements.

The contraction of extensor muscles causes deep pain in joints and weak coordination. The upper Motor lesion in the pyramidal tract causes spasticity.

What is Rigidity?

Rigidity is muscle tension or rigour. The problem in the movement can be sensed despite the speed and direction.

Wilson’s disease is when copper metabolism occurs in the lungs, liver, brain, and other tissues. Catatonia, acute cerebral infarction, basal ganglia, and lupus are some rigidity causes.

Viral and bacterial infections are one of the causes of rigidity. Lupus is a chronic disease that causes stiffness in the joints.

Bradykinesia is slowness in movement, which is one of the causes of rigidity: high fever and decreased appetite cause rigidity in a person.

The velocity does not affect rigidity. Speed is not a factor in rigidity.

Rigidity leads to Parkinson’s disease. Muscle cramps, muscle weakness, pain, and stiffness lead to rigidity.

It refers to a state of deformity under pressure. Muscle pain is caused by rigidity.

Main Differences Between Spasticity and Rigidity

  1. The contraction of muscles is known as spasticity, whereas Rigidity is the state of being unable to bend.
  2. Spasticity most affects the arms, neck, and lungs, but Rigidity can disturb any body part.
  3. Unusual posture can lead to Spasticity, whereas cramps can lead to Rigidity.
  4. Velocity matters in Spasticity instead of Rigidity and has no relation with velocity.
  5. Spasticity occurs in pyramidal tract lesions, whereas Rigidity occurs in extrapyramidal tracts.
  6. Spasticity happens with hyperreflexia, whereas Rigidity happens with hyporeflexia.
Difference Between X and Y 2023 04 25T164616.103
References
  1. https://europepmc.org/article/med/3288246
  2. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780444895967500122
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