Difference Between STD and HIV (With Table)

STDs and HIV are diseases that leave a person’s immune system vulnerable, they are a type of sexually transmitted infection. There are other ways of transmitting HIV, but the most common way is through sexual intercourse. These infections, if left untreated, can turn into life-threatening diseases. Certain differences that separate the two are the main aspect of the article.

STD vs HIV

The main difference between STDs and HIV is that STDs are not always HIV; Instead, HIV is considered a sexually transmitted infection. To distinguish the two it is necessary to know their connections. A person with an STD is susceptible to the HIV virus. The only way to get a sexually transmitted disease is through sexual intercourse, while HIV can result from contact with a contaminated needle or through certain body fluids from an HIV-infected person.

STDs are sexually transmitted infections that are transmitted through sexual contact. Bacteria, viruses, or parasites cause the disease. Sexually transmitted diseases and infections are two terms that are used interchangeably. Because the infections have few symptoms, they may be difficult to detect; yet, if left untreated, they can progress to disease.

HIV, or Human Immunodeficiency Virus, is a virus-caused sexually transmitted infection. The virus affects the immune cells that supply immunity to the body, weakening it. As a result, the body becomes more susceptible to infections and disorders. They, like STDs, are an infection that, if left untreated, can progress to the condition known as AIDs.

Comparison Table Between STD and HIV

Parameters of Comparison STD HIV
Known as Sexually transmitted diseaseHuman Immunodeficiency Virus
Definition STD is a generic term for all sorts of sexually transmitted infections.HIV is a kind of sexually transmitted infection.
Spread bySexual contact Contaminated needles, body fluids, and sexual contact.
Caused byBacteria, viruses, and parasites.Virus 
Diseases STDsAIDs

What is STD?

STDs, or sexually transmitted diseases, are infections transferred by sexual contact with a disease-infected person. If the infection is not treated, it can lead to major health problems as well as immune system weakness. Viruses, germs, and parasites are disease carriers that spread from person to person by blood, bodily fluids, sperm, and vagina.

Sexually transmitted diseases, or STIs, do not exhibit enough symptoms until they are converted to STDs, making it difficult to identify; nevertheless, if they do exhibit symptoms, they exhibit the following

  • Soreness in the genitals, rectal area, or oral cavity is possible.
  • You might have a fever
  • It is possible to get a burning feeling while urinating.
  • Painful sex
  • Discharge from genitals
  • Bad odor from genital discharges
  • Rashes
  • Pain in the lower abdomen

Keep in mind that if you are sexually active or have sexual intercourse with numerous persons, you may need to consult a doctor. Furthermore, if you are suffering from any strange symptoms, it is critical that you seek the advice of a medical professional.

In order to prevent STDs, an individual can take the following measures

  • Adapt usage of condoms during sex.
  • Avoid sexual intercourse with multiple people.
  • Consult a doctor and tell them about your sex life in detail and get tested
  • Get vaccinated 
  • Avoid overdose of alcohol
  • Use PrEP

What is HIV?

HIV is an abbreviation for Human Immunodeficiency Virus. HIV is a type of infection that is spread through sexual contact, body fluids, contaminated needles. They are caused by a virus that affects the body’s immunological cells, rendering them ineffective. If an infection is not treated, it can lead to diseases such as AIDS (or Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome).

HIV is thought to have originated in Central African chimps; the virus is known as SIV among chimps (or Simian immunodeficiency virus). People used to hunt on them, and it’s possible that the virus spread among humans as a result of such blood contact. This occurred in the 1800s; since then, it has progressively moved throughout Africa, and over time, it has spread to other regions all over the world.

Individuals experience flu-like symptoms that last a couple of weeks or two. The symptoms begin to appear two to four days after the virus has been attacked. The symptoms include

  • Fever 
  • Chills
  • Night sweats
  • Mouth ulcers
  • Rashes
  • Fatigue
  • Sore throat
  • Muscle aches

These symptoms do not always indicate HIV; they can also indicate other illnesses; the only way to be sure is to get tested and contact an expert.

HIV can be categorized into three stages

  • Acute (HIV) infection
  • Chronic (HIV) infection
  • AIDs

Main Differences Between STD and HIV

  1. STD refers to a sexually transmitted disease. Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is a virus that causes immunodeficiency.
  2. STD is a domain of sexually transmitted infections, and HIV is one of them. Other STDs include HPV, syphilis, gonorrhea, chlamydia, and others.
  3. STDs are transmitted from person to person by sexual contact, but HIV can be transmitted through body fluids, an infected person’s injection, and sexual contact.
  4. STDs are caused by viruses, parasites, and bacteria, whereas HIV is caused by a specific type of virus.
  5. STDs are infections that can progress to life-threatening diseases, such as HIV, which leads to AIDs if left untreated.

Conclusion

Sexually transmitted diseases, or STDs, are infections spread by sexual contact with a disease-infected person. If the infection is not treated, it can cause serious health concerns as well as immune system impairment. Viruses, bacteria, and parasites are disease carriers that spread by blood, body fluids, sperm, and vagina.

HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus. HIV is an infection spread by sexual contact, bodily fluids, and tainted needles. They are caused by a virus that attacks the immune cells in the body, rendering them useless. Infections that go untreated can lead to diseases like AIDS (or Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome).

The key distinction between STDs and HIV is that STDs are not usually HIV; instead, HIV is considered a sexually transmitted infection. It is vital to understand the two’s links in order to discern between them. An STD makes a person vulnerable to the HIV virus. The only way to contract a sexually transmitted disease is through sexual contact, however, HIV can be contracted by contact with a contaminated needle or through certain body fluids from an HIV-infected individual.

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