Difference Between Sugar in the DNA and RNA

Each cell has RNA or DNA. These contain information about living beings and genetic materials are carried by DNA. And the study shows that genes are transferred from parents to their offspring that are carried by the DNA. As for DNA and RNA, they are a nucleotide. And they are composed of nucleic acid, phosphate, and sugar. However, they have different sugar from each other. 

Sugar in the DNA vs RNA

The main difference between sugar in the DNA and RNA is that DNA is composed of deoxyribose sugar, while RNA has ribose sugar. Secondly, DNA has lesser hydroxyl atoms than RNA. Thirdly, The sugar in DNA is also called 2-deoxyribose and dideoxyribose.  Meanwhile, The sugar in RNA is called D-ribose. Fourthly, deoxyribose in DNA was found in 1929, while ribose in RNA was found in 1891. Lastly, thymine is chemically linked to deoxyribose in DNA. Meanwhile, nucleobase uracil is chemically linked to ribose in RNA. 

Sugar in DNA vs RNA

DNA is composed of nucleotides, and one of the parts of DNA is deoxyribose sugar. The sugar part is general in both DNA and RNA. However, it has different types of sugar with fewer atoms of hydroxyl groups. Deoxyribose sugar was founded in 1929. Additionally, thymine is chemically linked o deoxyribose in DNA. 

RNA is also composed of nucleotides, and one of the parts of RNA is ribose sugar. The sugar part is general in both DNA and RNA. However, it has different types of sugar with more atoms of hydroxyl groups. And ribose sugar was founded in 1891. Additionally, nucleobase uracil is chemically linked to ribose in RNA. 

Comparison Table Between Sugar in the DNA and RNA

Parameters of comparisonSugar in the DNASugar in the RNA
SugarDNA is composed of deoxyribose sugar.RNA has ribose sugar. 
Hydroxyl atomsDNA has lesser hydroxyl atoms than RNA. RNA has more hydroxyl atoms.
Other names The sugar in DNA is also called 2-deoxyribose and dideoxyribose.The sugar in RNA is called D-ribose. 
FoundDeoxyribose in DNA was founded in 1929.Ribose in RNA was founded in 1891. 
Nitrogenous baseThymine is chemically linked to deoxyribose in DNA.Nucleobase uracil is chemically linked to ribose in RNA. 

What is Sugar in the DNA? 

DNA is an abbreviation of Deoxyribonucleic acid. It is the material that contains genetic information and replicates itself. All genetic information is contained by the DNA of an organism. And it has two strands arranged in helix strands. AS compared to RNA, it is much longer. 

When a cell undergoes cell division or replication, the DNA also divides in this process. 

As for the sugar in DNA, it has deoxyribose. The deoxyribose has one less hydroxyl group than RNA’s ribose. 

Coming to the bases, it has adenine, guanine, thymine, and cytosine. And the pairs are as follows adenine and thymine pair,  and cytosine and guanine pair. 

But, One less hydroxyl group in the sugar of DNA makes it more stable than RNA. 

The sugar part is similar in both DNA and RNA. However, it has different types of sugar with fewer atoms of hydroxyl groups. And deoxyribose sugar was founded in 1929. Additionally, thymine is chemically linked o deoxyribose in DNA 

Sugar is similar in DNA and RNA. It has reoccurring nucleotide units. And it has nucleic acid, phosphate, and sugar. 

It is discovered by Phoebus Levene in 1929. And it is also called 2-deoxyribose and dideoxyribose. Additionally, it is also equivalent to monosaccharides. 

What is Sugar in RNA? 

RNA is an abbreviation of Ribonucleic acid. It is the material that is used to convert the genetic information contained with DNA. Then finally, its format is used to build proteins and then moves it to ribosomal protein factories.  

As for the sugar in RNA, it has ribose. The ribose has one more hydroxyl group than DNA’s ribose. 

Coming to the bases, it shares adenine, guanine, cytosine with DNA. However, it contains uracil rather than thymine. And the pairs are as follows adenine and uracil pair,  and cytosine and guanine pair. 

But, One more hydroxyl group in the sugar of RNA makes it more unstable than DNA. 

The sugar part is general in both DNA and RNA. However, it has different types of sugar with more atoms of hydroxyl groups. And ribose sugar was founded in 1891. Additionally, uracil is chemically linked to ribose in RNA. 

Sugar is similar in DNA and RNA. It has reoccurring nucleotide units. And it has nucleic acid, phosphate, and sugar. 

It was discovered by Emil Fisher in 1891. And it is also called D-ribose. Additionally, it is also equivalent to monosaccharides. 

Ribose is required in the process of transcription. Additionally, it is required for ATP and NADH. 

Main Differences Between Sugar in the DNA and RNA

DNA and RNA are the materials that contain all the necessary information about the living being. Thus, during cell division or replication, DNA or RNA is also divided. To keep and pass on genetic information, DNA or RNA is studied a lot. Hence, a lot of studies going on with that. DNA passes on genetic materials from the parents to their offspring. 

  1. DNA is composed of deoxyribose sugar, while RNA has ribose sugar. 
  2. DNA has lesser hydroxyl atoms than RNA. While Hydroxyl atoms in RNA are more than in DNA.
  3. The sugar in DNA is also called 2-deoxyribose and di-deoxyribose.  Meanwhile, The sugar in RNA is called D-ribose. 
  4. Deoxyribose in DNA was found in 1929, while ribose in RNA was found in 1891. 
  5. Thymine is chemically linked to deoxyribose in DNA. Meanwhile, nucleobase uracil is chemically linked to ribose in RNA. 

Conclusion 

The components DNA and RNA contain all of the required information about a living organism. As a result, DNA or RNA is split during cell division or replication. DNA or RNA is extensively investigated to retain and pass on genetic information. As a result, there is much research being conducted in this area. DNA transmits genetic information from parents to their children.

Deoxyribose sugar is one of the components of DNA, which is made up of nucleotides. The sugar component is found in both DNA and RNA, however, there are various forms of sugar in DNA and RNA with fewer hydroxyl groups. In 1929, deoxyribose sugar was discovered. Thymine is also chemically related to deoxyribose in DNA.

The nucleotides in RNA are likewise made up of nucleotides, and ribose sugar is one of them. Both DNA and RNA include a sugar component, however, various forms of sugar with more hydroxyl groups are present. In 1891, ribose sugar was discovered. In RNA, the nucleobase uracil is also chemically bonded to ribose.

References

  1. https://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlehtml/2012/cp/c2cp41987d
  2. https://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/ja963641w 
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