Difference Between Sunni and Ahmadi

Islam is an Abrahamic, Monotheistic, and the second-largest religion and faith in the world. It includes complete submission to God. The followers of Islam are known as Muslims. The religion originates in the Arabian peninsula in Mecca and dates back to the early 7th century CE. There are over 49 countries that are Muslim majority. Roughly around 62% of Muslims reside in parts of Asia and about 20% of Muslims are Arabs.

Sunni vs Ahmadi

The main difference between Sunni and Ahmadi is in the belief in their Prophethood. Sunnis consider their final Prophet as Prophet Muhammad while Ahmadis consider that their Prophet is supposed to come and will be known as Mirza Ghulam Ahmed of Qadin. This brings about the violation in Islam which believes that Muhammad is the last Prophet.

Sunni vs Ahmadi

The substantial denomination in the religion of Islam is Sunni Islam and it sums up about 85-90% of the total Muslim population. Sunnis, also popularly called as Ahl as-Sunnah or Ahl as-Sunnah wa’l-Jama’h. The name simply means “Followers Or Adherents to the Sunnah and the community”. The Sunnis are strict followers of the Holy Quran and preachings of Prophet Muhammad in Hadith.

While tracing its roots to 19th century British India, Ahmadiyyas are an Islamic revival group. The community is founded by Mirza Ghulam Ahmed who is considered as both the Messiah as well as the promised Mahdi ( also known as the guided one). The Messiah is an eschatological figure who would appear towards the end times of a tough phase and establish the final triumph of Islam through peaceful means.

Comparison Table Between Sunni and Ahmadi

Parameters of ComparisonSunniAhmadi
Belief about ProphetSunnis believes Prophet Muhammad to be the last Prophet. Ahmadias believes that their last Prophet is Mirza Ghulam Ahmad.
OriginSunni schools of thought were founded in the early stages of Islam in the 7th century. It was founded in British India in 1889.
Belief about JesusSunnis hold the belief that Jesus never died and is living in the skies. Ahmadiyyas hold the belief that Jesus has died and is buried in Kashmir.
PopulationSunnis account for about 80-90% for the population. Ahmadiyyas are a minority and have a population of roughly about 10-20 million
Public OpinionCompared to Ahmadiyyas, Sunnis are considered more orthodox and consider themselves as the people of the tradition. Ahmadiyyas are largely considered as Non- Muslims by other sects of Islam and are often subject to persecution and discrimination by other Islamic groups.

What is Sunni?

Sunnis believe that the rightful successors to Muhammad are the first four caliphs, as their Almighty did not mention any specific leaders who could succeed him, and so the leaders were elected by the followers. Sunnis, hold the belief that for a person to be a Caliph, he should be righteous and uphold the teachings of their religion Islam, and be the ideal example and be like the Prophet Muhammad.

Sunni is the largest community of Islam. The name is derived from the term “Sunnah”, which implies the behavioral characteristics of Muhammad. Sunnis follow the Holy Quran as their authentic scriptures, written in the Sunni tradition. The followers of Sunni are known as Ahl as-Sunnah wa l-jamā’ah. Sunnis follow Islamic schools of thought. The community is based on six pillars of imān. Some scholars consider Sunni Islam as “Orthodox Islam” mostly based on some inappropriate translation.

All Muslims test the validity and rationality of the others and allow one to choose and follow anyone they find sound and agreeable. Sunni schools of thought or theory are built on the foundation of Asharism which is founded by Maturidi by Abu Mansur Al- Maturidi (780-855 CE), Al-Ashʿarī ( 874-936 CE), and theology of the traditionalist which is under the leader called Ahmad Ibn Hanabal (780-855 CE). Sunnis view themselves as center of the community of Muslims.

The theology of traditionalist can be differentiated by its obedience and compliance to a literal comprehension and interpretation of the Holy Quran and the Sunnah. The culture extensively believes that the Quran is eternal, divine, and uncreated, and any doubt, question, query, or objection to reason is unethical and concerns religious matters.

What is Ahmadi?

Ahmadis, identify themselves as the Revival messianic of the Islamic movement that had originated in Punjab, during British India. The founder of the culture of Ahmadi is Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, who is considered as the Mahdi as well as Messiah. He established the Ahmadiyya community on 23rd March 1889 after the formal acceptance from his supporters. After his death, there has been no prominent individual leader and is led by Caliphs. The community has spread to over 210 countries.

The followers of Ahmadiyya have popularized themselves as Ahmad or simply as Ahmadis, which is an adopted term from Prophet Muhammad’s alternative name. Ahmadi culture holds and believes that the final dispensation and exemption for humanity are only through Islam and it is necessary to restore it to its true form and structure, and value and teach only the pristine and unaltered form which has been disoriented through centuries.

The followers of the Ahmadi community consider Ahmed to have appeared as the Mahdi and bore all the qualities of Jesus. The qualities align and are according to their scriptural prophecies. They believe that reviving Islam and its ethical system has the potential of bringing long-lasting peace to the entire world. Ahmadis often view themselves as the leaders who can solely propagate and promote the Renaissance of Islam.

The Ahmadis stick to a strong tradition of missionary and are believed to be the first among the organizations of Muslim missionaries which is established in Britain and various other countries of the West. Presently, the community is led by the major caliphs like Mirza Masroor Ahmad. The religion has roughly around 10 to 20 million followers worldwide.

Main Differences Between Sunni and Ahmadi

  1. Sunnis believe that Prophet Muhammad as the final Prophet whereas Ahmadiyyas believe that Mirza Ghulam Ahmad is the final Prophet.
  2. Sunnis do not have any alive Khalifa(Caliph) who will establish an Islamic state whereas Ahmadiyya believe that their Khalifas will establish a new world order.
  3. Sunnis perform their pilgrimage in Saudi Arabia at the Kaaba whereas Ahmadiyyas perform their pilgrimage in Qadian (Punjab, India).
  4. Sunnis await the appearance of Mahdi (rightly guided one) whereas Ahmadiyyas believe that Mahdi has arrived
  5. Sunnis are free in their will of distributing the charity money as their wish whereas Ahmadiyyas give their charity money to their supreme leader.

Conclusion

Sunnis form a huge majority in the Islamic world and uphold the belief that Prophet Muhammad is the final prophet and consider themselves as the people of the tradition. Ahmadis or Ahmadiyyas have numbers in millionsbut are still a minority in the Islamic world and believe that Mirza Ghulam Ahmad of Qadian is the final Prophet.

Sunnis are considered to be more orthodox and uphold the fundamental morals and laws of Islam and are rarely persecuted, on the other hand, Ahmadis are often subject to persecution and discrimination and are considered as Non – Muslims by other Muslim communities.

References

  1. https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Karin-Oesterman/publication/317277845_Severity_and_Reasons_Behind_Religious_Intolerance_in_Pakistan_Perceptions_of_Sunnis_Shias_Ahmadis_and_Christians/links/592fda5caca272fc55e1268d/Severity-and-Reasons-Behind-Religious-Intolerance-in-Pakistan-Perceptions-of-Sunnis-Shias-Ahmadis-and-Christians.pdf
  2. https://www.mdpi.com/274820
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