Test Case vs Test Scenario: Difference and Comparison

The terms Test case and Test Scenario are related to Software testing. To ensure the proper function of the Software Test case and Test Scenario are performed. Test Case is a process that ensures certain functions of the software.

On the other hand, the Test Scenario is used to see the whole picture of the software functioning. Another big difference is that though both parts of Testing documentation but have a different radius of testing of the software. The range of Test Cases is specific, while the Test Scenario shows the whole picture.

Key Takeaways

  1. A test case is a detailed set of conditions, inputs, and expected outcomes for a specific functionality in a software application.
  2. A test scenario is a high-level description of a user’s interaction with the application, covering multiple test cases.
  3. Test cases are focused on specific requirements, while test scenarios provide an overall understanding of the system’s behaviour.

Test Case vs Test Scenario

A test case is a set of instructions or steps that are executed to verify the behaviour of a specific feature or functionality of a software application. A test scenario is a high-level description of a particular testing situation. It is a more general description of what needs to be tested.

Test Case vs Test Scenario

The Test Case is detailed testing documentation that contains all the steps of navigation. This determines whether the required functions of a particular software if working properly or not. This is for a particular single application. These are very detailed documents providing information like Strategy, Process, and expected outputs as well.

The Test Scenario is detailed documentation containing all the test case information. This provides knowledge about the functionality of the software. A linear statement gives information about different applicants. Test Scenario contains different kinds of Test Cases. A particular number of Test Cases are aligned for each Test Scenario.

Comparison Table

Parameters of ComparisonTest CaseTest Scenario
The Radius Deep but smaller in the radius of scanning. More focused on a particular featureWide area of testing. Shows the whole functionality.
ActionsLow level actionsHigh level actions
MaintenanceRequires more effort for maintaining the processRequires less effort for maintaining the process.
ContentDetailed documentation containing Input, Output and, the navigating steps as well.Not detailed but rather have one-line statements about different tests to be performed.
Time ConsumptionRequires more time due to its detailed natureRequires less time in comparison

What is Test Case?

To verify a particular action or function of software, testing is done, which is called a Test Case. This contains very detailed documentation. It contains test steps of the application, test data, Input data, and Positive and Negative predictions of the outcome as well. 

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This test is done to understand whether particular software is working according to the need of customers in the case of some specific function. This test doesn’t show the details of the whole software but is more focused on a particular feature. 

This test checks whether the requirement of a particular feature is performed or not. The results of this test are detailed. This test takes much longer and is hard to maintain as well. These tests are more focused on what to test and how to test. This kind of test requires more resources. 

Some examples of test cases are Testing the system while entering valid ids and passwords when invalid ids and passwords are entered or some other tests. All these tests are important because it shows if any errors occur. The improvement in functioning and features are acknowledged better through these tests.

What is Test Scenario?

As we can understand by the name itself, the Test Scenario gives us the whole scenario of all the functionality. All the test cases of any function of the whole software together form the document of the Test Scenario. This shows the positive and negative sides of the whole software’s functioning. 

This is test is more like a list of cases that can be tested for better functionality. This requires fewer resources. This ensures the whole functioning of the software. As Test Scenario takes less time, it acts more like a quick tool for conforming to the functionality.

The results of these tests are single-lined statements. The statements contain information about every Test Case under this particular Test Scenario. This test is performed in any function that can be tested. From top to bottom, every functionality is tested in this process.

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An example can be: The login Function of a website can be a Test Scenario under which lies many Test Cases. Entering valid ids and passwords, entering invalid ids and passwords, or some other tests related to logging in all these test cases can fall under a single test scenario. 

Main Differences Between Test Case and Test Scenario

  1. Test Cases are detailed documentation, while Test Scenarios are a single statement.
  2. Test Case shows all the details about the test’s outcome, input, or process, while Test Scenario shows all the test cases required to be done.
  3. The Test Case shows the single functionality of a particular feature, while Test Scenario shows end to end functionality of the software.
  4. Test Case takes much more time and effort and is hard to maintain, while Test Scenarios takes less time and effort and are easy to maintain as well.
  5. Test cases are used for deep testing of the functionality of the software, while Test Scenario is used for broader testing of the software. We can assume that the Test Case is for measuring the flaws in depth while Test Scenario is for a wide search of flaws.
  6. Test Scenarios are more preferable in the IT sector due to their less consumption of effort and time, but Test Cases are much more detailed and knowledgeable.
  7. More functions and features for testing both Testing Cases and Testing Scenarios should be used to get more cover.
  1. https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-642-11659-9_28
  2. https://www.sae.org/publications/technical-papers/content/2017-01-1992/
  3. https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1757-899X/392/6/062194/meta

Last Updated : 11 June, 2023

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8 thoughts on “Test Case vs Test Scenario: Difference and Comparison”

  1. The difference between test cases and test scenarios is crucial in software testing. Test cases are more detailed and specific, while test scenarios are broader and show the whole functionality. In the IT sector, both are important for ensuring the proper functionality of software.

  2. The detailed explanation of test cases and test scenarios in the article enhances understanding of their roles in software testing. Test cases offer specific information about features, while test scenarios encompass multiple test cases for comprehensive testing. Both are indispensable in ensuring quality software.

  3. The information provided in the article explains the difference between test cases and test scenarios clearly. Test cases focus on a single functionality, whereas test scenarios cover multiple test cases. The preference for test scenarios in the IT sector is understandable. Both have their importance in software testing.

  4. The article effectively addresses the importance of test cases and test scenarios in software testing. Test cases are essential for deep testing of specific features, while test scenarios are valuable for comprehensive evaluation of software functionality. Both play vital roles in ensuring the proper functioning of software.

  5. The distinction between test cases and test scenarios is well-explained in the article. The detailed documentation in test cases requires more resources, while test scenarios provide a broader coverage of software functionality. Understanding the differences and applications of both is important in the IT sector.

  6. The comparison table provided in the article effectively summarizes the differences between test cases and test scenarios. The detailed nature of test cases requires more time and effort, while test scenarios are more convenient for broader testing of software functionality. Both serve important roles in software testing.

  7. The differentiation between test cases and test scenarios in the article provides valuable insights into software testing. The detailed nature of test cases and the broad coverage of test scenarios serve distinct purposes in software testing. It is crucial for professionals in the IT sector to understand the significance of both.

  8. The examples provided regarding test scenarios and test cases demonstrate their application in software testing. Test cases are detailed and specific, while test scenarios encompass a wider range of functionality. Both are essential for thorough and effective software testing.


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