This vs These: Difference and Comparison

“This” is used to refer to a singular noun or an unspecified item, whereas “these” is used to refer to multiple or specific items in close proximity. The choice between them depends on whether you’re discussing one thing or multiple things. “This” suggests a singular focus, while “these” implies a plural or more immediate focus within a context.

Key Takeaways

  1. “This” is used to refer to a single object that is near the speaker or the subject.
  2. “These” is used to refer to multiple objects that are near the speaker or the subject.
  3. The difference between “this” and “these” is in the number of objects referred to.

This is These

This is used to refer to a single object which is in a near place and time to the subject. It can also use to refer to uncountable objects. For example, this is my book. These are used to refer to multiple objects that are in a near place and time to the subject. For example, these are 20 books.

This vs These

“This” and “These” are considered demonstrative pronouns used to point to any particular object. They replace the noun for ease of conversation.


 

Comparison Table

FeatureThisThese
NumberSingularPlural
ReferenceRefers to a single person, object, idea, or placeRefers to multiple people, objects, ideas, or places
DistanceCan be used to refer to something near or far from the speakerCan be used to refer to something near the speaker
ExamplesThis is my book. * I like this color. * This situation is challenging.These are my books. * I like these colors. * These situations are challenging.
Notes“This” can also be used as a determiner before a singular noun (e.g., this book). * “These” can also be used as a demonstrative pronoun on its own (e.g., I like these better).

 

When to Use This?

Immediate Focus or Relevance

This” is used to emphasize something that is more immediate or relevant in the current context. It directs attention to a specific item or concept within a conversation or written text.

Also Read:  Active Voice vs Direct Speech: Difference and Comparison

Demonstrating or Pointing Out

Use “this” when demonstrating or pointing out something physically or metaphorically close to you or your audience. It’s employed to draw attention to something within arm’s reach or within the immediate surroundings.

This
 

When to Use These?

Multiple or Specific Items

These” is utilized when referring to multiple items or specific entities within a group. It indicates that there are more than one of the mentioned items and distinguishes them from singular nouns or unspecified items.

Close Proximity or Grouping

Use “these” when the items being referred to are in close proximity to the speaker or the audience, either physically or conceptually. It suggests that the items are within reach or are being discussed as a collective group.

Identifying and Clarifying

These” helps in identifying and clarifying particular objects or concepts from a larger set. It highlights the relevance of the mentioned items within a specific context, allowing for clear communication and understanding.

these

Main Differences Between This and These

  1. Number:
    • “This” refers to a singular noun or an unspecified item.
    • “These” refers to multiple items or specific entities within a group.
  2. Proximity:
    • “This” emphasizes something immediate or relevant in the current context, within arm’s reach or in close proximity.
    • “These” suggests items that are also close by, but in a plural or grouped form, implying they’re within reach or within the immediate surroundings.
  3. Clarity and Specificity:
    • “This” directs focus to a singular object or concept, offering a more precise indication within a given context.
    • “These” points to multiple items or entities, aiding in identifying and clarifying particular objects from a larger set or group.
Difference Between X and Y 83
References
  1. https://grammar.yourdictionary.com/parts-of-speech/pronouns/types-of-pronouns.html
  2. https://www.dictionary.com/browse/demonstrative-pronouns
Also Read:  It vs Is: Difference and Comparison

Last Updated : 04 March, 2024

dot 1
One request?

I’ve put so much effort writing this blog post to provide value to you. It’ll be very helpful for me, if you consider sharing it on social media or with your friends/family. SHARING IS ♥️

25 thoughts on “This vs These: Difference and Comparison”

  1. This is a valuable piece for understanding the rules governing the usage of ‘this’ and ‘these’. Very well-structured and informative.

    Reply
    • The article effectively highlights the key differences between ‘this’ and ‘these’ pronouns with examples, making it an invaluable resource.

      Reply
  2. The article provides a detailed comparison table for ‘this’ and ‘these’ which is quite helpful to differentiate between the two pronouns. Great source of information.

    Reply
    • Absolutely, the post effectively breaks down the rules of use and provides examples to illustrate their applications.

      Reply
  3. This article serves as an insightful and enlightening resource for understanding the correct application of ‘this’ and ‘these’ pronouns. Exceptional work put into this piece!

    Reply
  4. This is a highly beneficial and informative guide for understanding the correct usage of ‘this’ and ‘these’. Kudos to the author of this enlightening post!

    Reply
    • Absolutely, the article provides an in-depth and clear understanding of the usage of ‘this’ and ‘these’ pronouns.

      Reply
  5. This is an incredibly thorough and educational post. It lays out the rules and usage of ‘this’ and ‘these’ in a very clear and concise manner. Well worth the read!

    Reply
  6. The explanations and examples presented in this article are exceptionally helpful. A well-organized and comprehensive guide to understanding ‘this’ and ‘these’ pronouns.

    Reply
  7. The post successfully explains the main difference between ‘this’ and ‘these’ pronouns in a comprehensive manner. Clear examples are provided to highlight their applications. Great work!

    Reply
  8. The detailed explanations and practical examples make this article an excellent resource for clarifying the rules governing the use of ‘this’ and ‘these’. Phenomenal work!

    Reply
  9. The article is highly informative, offering a comprehensive understanding of the rules and usage of ‘this’ and ‘these’ pronouns. Well done.

    Reply
  10. This is a fantastic guide to understanding the correct use of ‘this’ and ‘these’. Such a well-organized explanation with practical examples and rules.

    Reply

Leave a Comment

Want to save this article for later? Click the heart in the bottom right corner to save to your own articles box!