Prepositions are the words that describe – direction, movement, or position of an object or person.
Through and Across are the most commonly used prepositions in the English language that are considered synonymous. They indicate the position, direction, and movement of an object or living being from one place to another.
Through vs Across
The difference between through and across is that Through is used to describe movement in three-dimensional space. It is also used to describe the inward movement.
Across is used to describe movement on a certain surface or a two-dimensional space. It is also used both as a preposition and an adverb.
Through is a preposition that indicates completion and as an adverb, it is used as a comparative or superlative degree.
- I love walking through the forest.
- The office is open Monday through Friday.
- She opened coffee shops across the city and they are very successful.
- We took a boat across the river.
Comparison Table Between Through and Across (in Tabular Form)
|Parameter of Comparison||Through||Across|
|Character||It is used as both preposition and adverb. It is used to describe movement from one side to the other.||It is used as both preposition and adverb. It is used to describe the transverse movement of a person or object.|
|Usage of area||It is used in three-dimensional space.||It is used in two-dimensional space.|
|Special Usage||Through has a special usage when it comes to union with something long and thin.||Across has no such special usage as through.|
|Sense||Through gives the sense of in.||Across gives a sense of on.|
|Easy way to remember||If we move from one place to another or in something, like a tunnel, window, etc we use through.||However, if the space is open in which the object is moving, we use the word across.|
When to Use the Word Through?
The word through can be used as preposition and adverb. It is used in a three- dimensional space. It is described as an inward movement.
If we move from one place to another or in something, like a tunnel, window, etc we use through. But there are limits on top, bottom, sides, a crowd of people, etc.
The ways to use Through:
- From beginning to end: The shopping mall will remain open from Tuesday through Sunday.
- From one side to the other: Look outside through the window.
- The train was running through the tunnel.
- As a result of We lost the project through the carelessness of the employees.
- Usage: Rani placed the order through the web portal.
- Completion: The teacher is going through your homework.
- Relationship: I am related to her through our uncles.
- Way of spreading: I heard about your wedding through an acquaintanceship.
- Going in/out of a process: To cure the disease, you must go through the treatment process.
When to Use the Word Across?
The word can be used as both preposition and adverb. It is used to describe movement in a two-dimensional space. It is described as an outward movement.
It is used to describe the transverse movement of a person or object. However, if the space is open in which the object is moving, we use the word across. It is used to explain the overall appearance where there is a straight path between two ends like the place, road, field, river, etc.
The ways to use Across:
- Opposite side: The grocery shop is across the road.
- From one point to the other: We shall take a boat across the river.
- Finding: By chance, I came across your Japanese article.
- Other: The kid has drawn several lines across the wall.
- All over: She has opened book stores across the state to help the poor.
- Other: My dog is happily running across the garden.
Main Differences Between Through and Across
- Through is used for three-dimensional space whereas across is used for two-dimensional space.
- Through is used to describe inward movement. It is used to describe movement from one side to the other. Across is used to describe outward movement. It is used to describe the transverse movement of a person or object.
- Through has a special usage when it comes to union with something long and thin. But across has no special usage like through.
- Through we move from one place to another or in something, like a tunnel, window, etc we use through. Across if the space is open in which the object is moving, we use the word across.
- Through cannot be used in measurement and orientation terms but across is widely used to associate these terms.
So, which one do you feel is the right usage for you – through and across? Always make sure that both these terms link to grammar and they expect you to make proper usage of both.
- He was walking through a desert
- He was walking across the desert
Which one of the above sentences do you think is correct? Yes, across is the perfect term to be used here. He was walking
through across a desert.
As desert is a two-dimensional open space, walking here should be associated with across and not through.
Thus now you have a clear concept of these two grammatical terms. Choose wisely!