Tundra vs Desert: Difference and Comparison

Earth has many types of biomes. Tundra and desert are two of them. Both of these biomes are dry and do not procure much rainfall. They do not possess a diversity of flora and fauna, but despite these similarities, they have many differences.

Key Takeaways

  1. Tundra is a cold, treeless biome with permafrost covering vast Arctic and Antarctic regions, while deserts are arid regions with little rainfall and sparse vegetation.
  2. Tundra is characterized by low temperatures and a short growing season, while deserts have high temperatures and are subjected to extreme weather conditions.
  3. Tundra is home to various wildlife adapted to its harsh environment, while deserts are home to animals and plants that have adapted to survive with limited water resources.

Tundra vs Desert

Tundra has a cold climate for most of the year and a very short summer season. There is no vegetation on the tundra due to its low temperature except a few shrubs. Deserts have hot climates having plants and animals that can survive with limited water resources. They lie on the equator of the earth.

Tundra vs Desert

Tundra is a cold and dry biome. Only two seasons are available here, winter and summer. However, summer here is very short. Not much vegetation can be seen here, for its low temperature. Mostly dwarf-like shrubs, such as mosses and lichens, grow here.

The desert is a very dry place. Rainfall does not occur. Deserts can have various types. Hot deserts and cold deserts are mostly known. For the scarcity of rain, not much vegetation is available here. Generally, cactus-like trees grow here.

Comparison Table

Parameters of ComparisonTundraDesert
Definition Tundra is a very cold and dry biome that has snow-covered lands.Desert is a dry biome that can be dry or cold, with sand or ice-covered lands, respectively.
LocationTundra is near the poles of the earth.The desert is located towards the equator of the earth.
TemperatureTundra is always cold, and the temperature here is always low.Deserts have two types hot desert and cold desert.
GreeneryVegetation and greenery are rare here. Mostly mosses and lichens can be seen.Cactus, acacia, date palm, etc., can be seen in a hot desert, and algae, grasses, etc., can be found in a cold desert.
SnowSnowfall occurs in the tundra.Snowfall can be seen only in a cold desert.

What is Tundra?

The Tundra biome is cold, dry, and dark. The Tundra biome is located near the poles of the earth, in the northern and southern hemispheres. Tundra stretches to Alaska, Canada, Russia, Greenland, Iceland, Scandinavia, and sub-Antarctic islands.

Also Read:  Anejo vs Reposado: Difference and Comparison

The temperature of this biome is very low. There are primarily two seasons available here, winter and summer. But summers are neither very warm nor long here.

The word tundra comes from the Russian language, which means “upland” or “treeless mountain tract”. Tundra has barren, treeless lands covered with snow.

The vegetation here does not retain variation. Chiefly, dwarf shrubs grow here like mosses and lichens. Lack of rain and sunlight keep this biome barren.

Animals here have thick skin and fur to adapt themselves to the weather. Animals like polar bears, arctic foxes, musk ox, and seals can be found here.


What is Desert?

A Desert is a dry, barren biome located towards the equator of the earth. Deserts can be of many types. The hot desert stretches across North Africa, the Middle East, northwestern parts of the Indian Subcontinent, Australia, Southwestern areas of the United States, and Chile.

And cold deserts can be seen in Greenland, parts of North America, the south pole of the Antarctic, and India’s Ladakh.

The Desert is an adverse place for flora and fauna. Both hot and cold deserts are dry and barren. Rainfall is insufficient here. Snowfall appears in cold deserts.

Lands of hot deserts are covered with sand, and lands of the cold desert are covered with snow. Trees are not available in the desert. Cactuses grow here in abundance as they do not need much water.

Animals in deserts live in burrows and under rocks. In hot deserts, animals are functional at night when the weather gets cooler. Animal species do not have much variety here.

Also Read:  Absolutism vs Relativism: Difference and Comparison

Animals like foxes, jackrabbits, kangaroo rats, and pocket mice are common animals that can be seen in hot deserts. And animals like dung beetles, fennec foxes, Mexican coyotes, sidewinder snakes, etc., can be seen in a cold desert.


Main Differences Between Tundra and Desert

  1. Tundra is a very cold and dry biome. Snowfall happens here regularly, so the lands here are snow-covered. Desert, on the other hand, is a dry biome that can be hot or cold. Lands of the hot desert are covered with sand, and the cold desert has ice-covered lands.
  2. Tundra can be found near the poles of the earth. In contrast, the desert is located towards the equator of the earth. The location of hot deserts are situated between 15° and 30° north or south of the equator, and cold deserts can be seen at higher latitudes.
  3. The tundra biome exists in Alaska, Greenland, Canada, Russia, Iceland, and sub-Antarctic islands. Hot deserts can be seen in places like North Africa and the Middle East, and Mongolia’s Gobi Desert is an example of a cold desert.
  4. Tundra is cold throughout the year. Snowfall occurs here throughout the year. Here the temperature is always low. On the other hand, deserts are always dry, the hot desert is very hot, and snowfall occurs in the cold desert.
  5. In tundra, low temperature does not help greenery to grow. Vegetation is rare here. Primarily mosses and lichens can be seen. Even in deserts, a variety of vegetation can not be found. In hot deserts, cactus, acacia, and date palm grow in quantity. And in cold deserts, mainly algae, grasses grow.
Difference Between Tundra and Desert
  1. https://brill.com/content/books/10.1163/ej.9789004148970.I-459.27

Last Updated : 24 June, 2023

dot 1
One request?

I’ve put so much effort writing this blog post to provide value to you. It’ll be very helpful for me, if you consider sharing it on social media or with your friends/family. SHARING IS ♥️

24 thoughts on “Tundra vs Desert: Difference and Comparison”

  1. The comprehensive comparison of tundra and desert environments elucidates the nuanced distinctions between these ecological regions. It’s a fascinating read for anyone interested in the natural world.

    • The article’s emphasis on the specific adaptations of flora and fauna in tundra and desert biomes provides valuable insights into the remarkable resilience of life forms in challenging environments.

    • I found the detailed analysis of tundra and desert climates to be incredibly informative. It enriches our knowledge of the diverse ecosystems that exist across the globe.

  2. The article offers an insightful comparison of the tundra and desert ecosystems, emphasizing their unique climate, vegetation, and animal adaptations. The distinctions are clearly articulated.

    • I couldn’t agree more. Understanding the specific characteristics and challenges of these biomes enriches our appreciation for the natural world.

  3. The contrasting features of tundra and desert biomes are elucidated with scientific rigor and clarity. This analysis deepens our understanding of the diverse environments on Earth.

    • I appreciate the scientific approach taken to compare the tundra and desert biomes. It enhances our awareness of the environmental variations across different regions.

    • The detailed descriptions of tundra and desert landscapes provide valuable insights into the distinctive ecological conditions present in these habitats.

  4. The distinction between tundra and desert biomes has been elucidated with precision. This article serves as an excellent resource for understanding the unique characteristics of these ecological regions.

    • I agree. It’s crucial to comprehend the environmental factors that differentiate tundra and desert landscapes, and this article does an excellent job of conveying that information.

  5. The in-depth exploration of tundra and desert ecosystems underscores the importance of understanding the complex interactions between climate, geography, and biodiversity. It’s a thought-provoking piece of scientific literature.

    • Absolutely. The scientific discourse on the unique characteristics of tundra and desert biomes encourages a deeper appreciation for the ecological richness of our planet.

  6. The article meticulously outlines the differences between tundra and desert biomes, highlighting critical factors such as temperature, greenery, and geographical locations. It’s a valuable piece of scientific literature.

    • Absolutely. The article’s focus on the ecological parameters of these biomes deepens our understanding of the environmental diversity present on Earth.

  7. The article provides a compelling analysis of the distinctive attributes of tundra and desert biomes, shedding light on their ecological significance. It’s an intellectually stimulating exploration of Earth’s diverse landscapes.

  8. The information provided about the differences between tundra and desert is very detailed and accurate. It clearly explains the unique characteristics of each biome and the kinds of flora and fauna that can be found there.

    • I appreciate the thoroughness of the explanation. It’s essential to understand the specific features of these biomes to appreciate their ecological significance.

  9. The article effectively outlines the key differences between tundra and desert biomes. It provides valuable insights into the climatic conditions, vegetation, and animal life in these distinct habitats.

    • I found the comparisons between the tundra and desert climates particularly enlightening. The discussion on temperature, greenery, and snowfall provides a comprehensive view of these biomes.

    • Absolutely, the details about the specific animal species that inhabit these regions are fascinating. It’s remarkable how different life forms have adapted to survive in such extreme environments.

  10. The comparison of tundra and desert biomes is presented in a comprehensive and well-structured manner. The features, climate, and biodiversity of these regions are clearly delineated for better understanding.

    • The detailed explanation of tundra and desert landscapes sheds light on the ecological dynamics at play. It’s essential knowledge for appreciating the diversity of our planet.

    • I found the insights into the animal life in tundra and desert environments to be particularly informative. The distinct adaptations of wildlife in these biomes are fascinating.


Leave a Comment

Want to save this article for later? Click the heart in the bottom right corner to save to your own articles box!