The world has turned into a global village with the advent of the biggest technology that we call the Internet. The internet has brought the whole world closer and the distances have been diminished. Every person has the facility of the internet these days. They can use this technology according to their liking. It has been a great source of education and knowledge for the young generation.
All the users also need to continuously upload and download their files. But does everybody know the difference between these two terms? It can confuse some minds if the difference is not clear to them and can cause some damage to work.
Upload vs Download
The difference between upload and download is that upload means to send the data to a website or server while download means to transfer the data from some website or server to your device.
For example, if you upload your picture to Facebook, you are sending data from your device to that particular website. Similarly, if you are downloading some movie, you are transferring that data from that website to your device whether it is your laptop, smartphone or your computer. The other differences between upload and download are shown in the description table below.
Comparison Table Between Upload and Download (in Tabular Form)
|Parameter of Comparison||Upload||Download|
|Definition||Transfer of data from your device to some other location.||Transfer of data from some other location to your device.|
|Speed Requirements||Most people do not need a high upload speed.||Most people need a high download speed as compared to upload speed.|
|Internet Protocols||FTP (File Transfer Protocol) is used mostly.||HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol) is used mostly.|
|Risk of virus||Less risk of the virus when uploading to the server.||More risk of the virus when downloading from the server.|
|Client||It sends the data from the client to the server.||It sends the data from the server to the client.|
|Examples||Sending photos over an email to a friend.||Downloading a movie from some site.|
What is Upload?
Upload means transferring the data from your computer to the internet. Here, the computer is the client and the internet is the server.
Many times, you ‘upload’ data on the website. For example, sending an email to a friend, uploading a picture on Facebook, uploading a video on YouTube, all of these require the data to be transferred to some other location or website.
Mostly, there is little risk of transferring the virus while you upload something to the website. But if there is a virus already on your computer due to the downloading of some malicious content, chances are it can also transfer the virus to those files.
You might have noticed how Google scans your files for viruses whenever you are about to send an email with attachments. But still, it does not check for larger file attachments.
File Transfer Protocol (FTP) is used for uploading the data on the internet. A client-server relationship is established and some credentials are shared. FTP works on TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol) and this protocol do not store data permanently in the server. But both FTP and HTTP can be used for uploading.
The reason why upload speed is slower than the download speed is that this is the demand of the average user. The bandwidth is divided into upload and download stream. The upload speed loses out because more bandwidth is allocated to downstream.
What is Download?
The download means transferring the data from the internet to your computer. Here, the computer is the server and the internet is the client. Many times, you have to ‘download’ data from the website. For example, downloading a video, song or book from the website requires the transfer of data from some website to your computer.
Sometimes, there is a risk of the virus while downloading something from the website. The best practice for this is to install an anti-virus system on your computer. The other thing is to always download from the trusted sites and avoid those websites which look suspicious to you. You can always scan the downloaded files from anti-malware software before running them.
Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) is used for downloading the data on the internet. A client-server relationship is established and some credentials are shared. You see HTTP every day while using the internet because when you visit a website, the URL starts with https. This protocol is also built on TCP. But both FTP and HTTP can be used for downloading.
Users prefer to have download speed greater than the upload speed. That is because users average users need to download books, songs, and movies in HD quality. Generally, there is no requirement for users to upload something in high quality.
Main Differences Between Upload and Download
The distinct features that differentiate between upload and download are:
- Transfer of data from your device to some other location is called uploading while the transfer of data from some other location to your device is called downloading.
- They differ in their speed requirements. Most people do not require a high upload speed but instead, need a high download speed.
- FTP is mostly used for uploading while HTTP is mostly used for downloading.
- There is less risk of the virus when data is uploaded to some website whereas there is a high risk of the virus when data is being downloaded from the internet to your computer.
- Upload sends the data from the client to the server while download sends the data from the server to the client.
There are multiple uses of uploading and downloading. With this facility, we have been able to share pictures with our loved ones and send them important files over the internet.
We have been able to download movies for entertainment purposes and refresh ourselves and books to read and gain knowledge from.
The ones who are privileged to have this facility should use this with the utmost purpose of goodwill. The power of the internet lies in your hands.
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