Difference Between Urology and Nephrology (With Table)

Urology and Nephrology are two broad scientific studies of different branches, as Urology studies about the urinary system and whereas, Nephrology studies about the kidney and its related functions. But, the definitions, etymological meanings, fields, specialists, etc of both the terms are different from each other. Urology and Nephrology are related studies as well, as the urinary system and kidneys are interlinked with each other. Generally, a human body is constituted of two kidneys, but sometimes due to some serious issues, people also survive one kidney. The main function of the kidney is to excrete the excess dirt and water from the blood and it further that dirt and water are excreted from the urinary tract in the form of urine. Therefore, Urology and Nephrology are interrelated. And one more point that is to be noted is that one should drink lots of water to keep their blood clean and to run a smooth assessment of the urinary tract and kidneys.

Urology vs Nephrology

The main difference between Urology and Nephrology is that both the studies differ from each other, even after the studies are almost the same. Urology is the scientific study of the field of medicine that is associated with the diagnosis, treatment, and management of diseases related to the urinary tract if male and female. On the other hand, Nephrology is the scientific study of the field of medicine that is only associated with the treatment and diagnosis of diseases related to the kidney of both Male and females.

Urology is the scientific study of the field of medicine that is associated with the diagnosis, treatment, and management of diseases related to the urinary tract if male and female. The specialist who looks after the department of Urology is commonly known as a Urologist. One should seek help from the Urologist when he/she finds problems such as urinary tract infection, urinary incontinence, difficulty while urinating, bladder stones, prostate cancer, testicular cancer, etc.

On the other hand, Nephrology is the scientific study of the field of medicine that is only associated with the treatment and diagnosis of diseases related to the kidney of both males and females. The specialist who looks after the department of Nephrology is commonly known as a Neurologist. One should seek help or guidance from a Nephrologist when he/she finds problems such as diabetes, kidney infection, chronic kidney disease, kidney stone, kidney failure, etc.

Comparison Table Between Urology and Nephrology

Parameters of Comparison Urology Nephrology
Definition Urology refers to the study of the urinary tract and its related parts such as the urinary bladder, uterus, prostate, kidney, etc of both males and females. Nephrology refers to the study of the kidney and its related parts of the human body.
The etymology of the termsThe term Urology is constituted with two terms and they are ‘uro’ that was derived from the Greek term ‘urine‘ meaning the urine system. And the other term is ‘logy’ that was derived from the Greek term ‘logos’ meaning ‘study of’.The term Nephrology is constituted with two terms and they are ‘nephro’ that was derived from the Greek term ‘nephros’ meaning kidney. And the other term is ‘logy’ that was derived from the term ‘logos’ meaning ‘study of’.
Specialist The specialist who looks after the department of Urology is termed a Urologist. The specialist who looks after the department of Nephrology is termed a Nephrologist.
Deals WithThe Urologist deals with the problems such as urinary tract infection, urinary incontinence, if there’s difficulty while urinating, bladder stones, prostate cancer, testicular cancer, etc.The Nephrologist deals with the problems such as diabetes, chronic kidney disease, kidney infection, kidney stones, kidney failure, etc.
Main Job of the Specialist The Urologist directly aims at the problems or diseases related to the urinary tract of both males and females. The Nephrologist directly aims at the problems or diseases related to the kidney.
Type of Specialist Urology generally falls under the categorial specialty of surgery. Nephrology generally falls under the categorial specialty of medicine.
Related Sub FieldsUrology also deals with the subfields of Urology such as Urology Oncology, Minimally Invasive, Prosthetics and Genitourinary Reconstruction, Endourology and Stone Diseases, etc.Nephrology also deals with the subfields of Nephrology such as Onconephorology, Uro-Nephrology, Home-Based Dialysis, Cardio-Nephrology, etc.

What is Urology?

The study of the urinary system of a human body and its related parts is known as Urology. Urology is only associated with the treatment of problems occurring in the urinary tract, urinary bladder, prostate, etc. Urology generally falls under the categorial specialty of surgery. Urology also gives special interest to both male and female reproductive systems as well. Since we know the kidney generates the urine and through the urinary tract, it connects to the bladder, and therefore it is further extricated in the form of urine. Therefore, the study of urology also requires the study of kidneys, uterus, urethra, etc.

The term Urology is constituted with two terms and they are ‘uro’ that was derived from the Greek term ‘urine’ meaning the urine system. And the other term is ‘logy’ that was derived from the Greek term ‘logos’ meaning ‘study of’. Therefore, the term itself concludes the meaning that is the study of the urinary system. Also, the person or specialist who deals with the Department of Urology is termed a Urologist.

Urology has several sub-branches. It is divided into various branches such as or the doctor specializing in the specific sub-branch such as Urology Oncology, Minimally Invasive, Prosthetics and Genitourinary Reconstruction, Endourology and Stone Diseases, etc. Also, it specifically studies surgery as its specialty.

What is Nephrology?

Nephrology directly studies the importance of the kidney and its functions. Its main job is to know about the kidney and its related parts. Nephrology is constituted with two terms and they are ‘nephro’ that was derived from the Greek term ‘nephros’ meaning kidney. And the other term is ‘logy’ that was derived from the term ‘logos’ meaning ‘study of’. Here, the term indicates the study of kidneys. The kidney is a very important part of the human body, as it purifies the dirt and excess water, and the extra water drains out from the body in the form of urine. It is said to be the first step that is taken by the body to supply water with the help of blood vessels.

The study of Nephrology deals with the problems such as diabetes, chronic kidney disease, kidney infection, kidney stones, kidney failure, etc. And, the person who specializes in the field of Nephrology is known as a Nephrologist. The main job of the Nephrologist is to look after the kidney and its related parts that cause any kind of dysfunction of the kidney.

Even though Nephrology is concluded as the main branch but at the same time, it has several sub-branches or specializing categories such as Onconephorology, Uro-Nephrology, Home-Based Dialysis, Cardio-Nephrology, etc. And, it specifically categorizes in the medicinal field.

Main Differences Between Urology and Nephrology

  1. Urology refers to the study of the urinary tract and its related parts such as the urinary bladder, uterus, prostate, kidney, etc of both males and females. On the other hand, Nephrology refers to the study of the kidney and its related parts of the human body.
  2. The term Urology is constituted with two terms and they are ‘uro’ that was derived from the Greek term ‘urine’ meaning the urine system. And the other term is ‘logy’ that was derived from the Greek term ‘logos’ meaning ‘study of’. On the other hand, the term Nephrology is constituted with two terms and they are ‘nephro’ that was derived from the Greek term ‘nephros’ meaning kidney. And the other term is ‘logy’ that was derived from the term ‘logos’ meaning ‘study of’.
  3. The specialist who looks after the department of Urology is termed a Urologist. On the other hand, the specialist who looks after the department of Nephrology is termed a Nephrologist.
  4. The Urologist deals with the problems such as urinary tract infection, urinary incontinence, if there’s difficulty while urinating, bladder stones, prostate cancer, testicular cancer, etc. On the other hand, the Nephrologist deals with the problems such as diabetes, chronic kidney disease, kidney infection, kidney stones, kidney failure, etc.
  5. The Urologist directly aims at the problems or diseases related to the urinary tract of both males and females. On the other hand, the Nephrologist directly aims at the problems or diseases related to the kidney.
  6. Urology generally falls under the categorial specialty of surgery. On the other hand, Nephrology generally falls under the categorial specialty of medicine.
  7. Urology also deals with the subfields of Urology such as Urology Oncology, Minimally Invasive, Prosthetics and Genitourinary Reconstruction, Endourology and Stone Diseases, etc. On the other hand, Nephrology also deals with the subfields of Nephrology such as Onconephorology, Uro-Nephrology, Home-Based Dialysis, Cardio-Nephrology, etc.

Conclusion

Urology and Nephrology are the two important branches of the human body. These two branches are interrelated with each other, hence one cannot process its functions without the other. Urology is the branch that deals with the process or problems of the urinary tract. On the other hand, Nephrology is the branch that deals with the problems of kidneys. One should take proper measures to maintain the Urological system and Nephrological system. The best measure that one can take is that you should drink lots of water, and avoid smoking and drinking, and regular exercise is also good for health as well.

References

  1. https://bmcresnotes.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1756-0500-7-258
  2. https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=bKg3BQAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PP1&dq=urology+and+nephrology&ots=I0Mfg9behX&sig=bw7PFD_H855Yso7IAo7Zo5zbe5s
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