Difference Between UTI and Yeast Infection (With Table)

The human body is very complex. All the organs and body parts work all the time, and thus they have complications if not taken care of. When we exercise, we make our body fit to work properly and to be free of diseases. But there are some diseases which can have many reasons such as lack of cleanliness, our wrong actions, or some infections. 

Such two very common infections caused are UTI and Yeast infection which are caused due to certain bacterial and fungus infections. They have different diagnoses and treatments.

UTI vs Yeast Infection

The difference between UTI and Yeast Infection is that UTI affects the bladder and urethra, whereas Yeast Infection affects the vagina and vulva. UTI affects urination, and you can experience pain during urination. Yeast infection causes pain and itchiness in vaginal areas and also pain in urination. Also, UTI is caused by bacterial infection, whereas Yeast infection is caused by a fungal infection.

UTI stands for Urinary Tract Infection caused by the bacterias which affect the bladder and urethra. They affect urination, and one can experience pain during urination. The bacteria enter the urethra from the genitals or anal areas. Its symptoms include pelvic pain, urine turned pink or red, pain in the back or lower abdomen.

Affecting the vagina and vulva areas, Yeast infection is mainly caused by a fungal infection. A fungus named Candida is grown in the vagina, which causes problems in the vaginal areas. Occurs mostly due to the hormonal changes in women. Yeast infections are very common. Some symptoms include thick vaginal discharge from the vagina, pain during sex, swelling of the vagina, rash around the vulva and vagina, etc.

Comparison Table Between UTI and Yeast Infection

Parameters of ComparisonUTIYeast Infection
SymptomsSome symptoms of UTIs are burning and itching sensation in the vaginal areas, strong odor in urine, frequent urge to urinate, and typically affects urination.Burning and itching in the vagina, white vaginal discharge, pain during sex, etc are the symptoms of yeast infection.
DiagnosisFor the diagnosis of UTI, a urine sample is needed.For yeast infection, physical exams are conducted to collect the sample from the infected area.
DurationThe duration of UTI is from 1-2 days to a couple of weeks depends on severity.The duration of Yeast infection is from few days and can go up to 6 months though it depends on the severity and is rare to extend that much.
TreatmentThey are treated by having antibodies and takes less time to recover unless it is not very serious.They are treated by having antifungal medications such as oral tablets, ointments, creams, suppositories.
CausesThey are caused by a bacterial infection.It is caused by a fungus called Candida.

What is UTI?

UTI stands for Urinary Tract Infection, and just as the name, it affects mostly the bladder and urethra. They cause pain and discomfort during urination. This infection of the urinary tract can also affect kidneys and ureters. When certain kinds of bacteria enter the urinary tract and thus causes infection.

They are more common in women than in men because the urethra or female is shorter than men, which lets them enter women’s body easily than in males. Also, there is no age barrier for this to happen, and it can happen to females of all age groups. Some risk factors for UTIs are :

  • Pregnancy
  • Sexual intercourse
  • Due to kidney or bladder stones
  • Certain kinds of contraceptives

In UTI, one can experience pain in the pelvic region, oink or red-colored urine, a continuous urge to urinate, and can also have fever and vomiting on rare occasions. They are treated using antibodies and are recovered in 2-3 days depends on how severe it is.

What is Yeast Infection?

Overgrowth of fungus called Candida in Vaginal areas is known as a Yeast infection. It is caused in the vagina and vulva most often but can also affect the mouth, gut, penis, anus, and other parts of the body. Many risk factors cause yeast infections in women, such as:

  • Weak immune system 
  • Use of vaginal sprays or douching
  • Having uncontrolled diabetes
  • Unhygienic and tight underwear 

Causing at least 75% of the women around the world once in their lifetime, yeast infection is mainly due to hormonal changes and is not a sexually transmitted infection. Those women who are not sexually active can also get these infections. They can be treated with anti-fungal medicines and ointments.

Main Differences Between UTI and Yeast Infection

  1. UTI is caused when bacteria enter the urethra from genital or anal areas, whereas yeast infection is caused by a fungus called Candida.
  2. UTI affects the bladder and urethra, whereas Yeast infection affects the vagina and vulva areas.
  3. UTI causes pain during urination, whereas Yeast infection causes pain as well as discomfort in vaginal areas and also during urination.
  4. UTI is treated by having antibodies and takes less time to recover, whereas Yeast infection is treated by having antifungal medicines or ointments.
  5. UTI usually gets over after 1-2 days depends on the severity, whereas Yeast infection can take anywhere between 2 days to 6 months, also depends on severity.
  6. For UTI diagnosis, a urine sample is needed to take for examination, whereas for Yeast infection, physical examination is consulted, and samples are taken from infected areas.

Conclusion

Though both infections will not cause danger to life, they both can cause long-term uncomfortably and, if escalated, then can cause some uninvited health problems. The above symptoms are not very different, and it can be confusing to recognize at first. But once if you get the problem, it should not be taken easily.

Since you have got to know the difference between these two, it is advisable that if these symptoms should not be avoided. If you come across any of the symptoms, it is recommended to consult the doctor early without giving them chances to escalate.

References

  1. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0090429510000336
  2. https://pmj.bmj.com/content/79/934/428.short
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