Difference Between Vtach and Vfib (With Table)

Vtach and Vfib are quite similar conditions that arise when the heartbeat or the heart count of a person gets irregular or unusual. Either it would be too fast or too slow. Vtach is termed Ventricular Tachycardia, and on the other side, Vfib is termed Ventricular Fibrillation. Both of these conditions are somehow the result of abnormal heart rhythm, also called heart arrhythmia.

Vtach vs Vfib

The difference between Vtach and Vfib is that Ventricular Tachycardia(Vtach) is a medical term that is used to define irregular heart impulses, and it mostly arises in those individuals having valvular heart disease. On the other side, Ventricular Fibrillation (Vfib) is an emergency medical condition that generally results in a heart attack. In Vfib, the lower heart chamber shudders, and the heart would not be able to pump blood which consequently leads to heart failure.

Ventricular Tachycardia (Vtach) is a medical condition that defines irregular heart impulse, and it is usually triggered due to some other heart problem or disorder. This condition is categorized into various aspects, and most of them are genetic. That is, the medical issue or condition is passed from the parents to the kids.

Ventricular Fibrillation (Vfib) is an emergency medical condition that leads to cardiac arrest. There are certain causes of Vfib including, myocarditis, drowning, severe body infection, heart disorder or failure, etc. This condition usually triggers heart failure, but with proper treatment and measures, one can find a way to treat this issue.

Comparison Table Between Vtach and Vfib

Parameters of ComparisonVtachVfib
What is it? Vtach is a medical term that is used to define irregular heart impulses and it mostly arises in those individuals having valvular heart disease. Vfib is an emergency medical condition in which the lower heart chamber shudder, and the heart would not be able to pump blood which consequently leads to heart failure.
CausesThe major causes are not particularly known but it is usually triggered by congestive heart failure, cardiomyopathy, structural heart disorder, etc.Vfib is caused by aortic stenosis, electrical shock, LQTS, Brugada syndrome, cardiomyopathies, heart failure, etc
Risk FactorsRisk factors include extreme electrolyte deformities, heart disorders, etc. A person with heart issues or a family history of vtach has a higher risk of this condition.The risk of Vfib includes damage of heart cells, cardiomyopathy, intake of illegal drugs, etc.
TreatmentCardioversion, radiofrequency catheter ablation, vagal manoeuvres, etc. Defibrillation, CPR, coronary angioplasty, and stent placement, etc.
FrequencyMust be higher than 100 beats per minute and reach up to 200 beats.350 to 500 beats per minute

What is Vtach?

Ventricular Tachycardia (Vtach) is a medical condition that may arise due to the ingestion of some recreational, medical drugs. In this condition, it is observed that the heart tissues develop contraction activity, and this would occur at regular time intervals but the escalated rate remains more than a hundred heartbeats per minute.

It is quite difficult to evaluate the exact reason or factor that triggered or resulted in Vtach medical condition. But usually, it develops by some heart disorder, which includes structural heart disorder, cardiomyopathy, congestive heart failure, and an ischemic heart condition. The possibilities or risk of Ventricular Tachycardia will consequently increase if there is any type of pressure or strain induced on the cells of the heart. To alleviate the risks, it is advised to have proper medical treatment and also improve the living or lifestyle pattern up to some extent.

What is Vfib?

Ventricular Fibrillation (Vfib) is a serious medical condition associated with heart disorder and irregular heartbeat. In this condition, the heartbeat would get faster and may also reach up to three thousand heartbeats per minute. Vfib is a haphazard condition in which there is no alignment or coordination between the contraction impulse activity. This medical condition also affects or impacts the rate and the rhythm. If not treated wisely and immediately, then this may also lead to the death of the person.

Various reasons that caused Vfib including, aortic stenosis, electrical shock, LQTS, Brugada syndrome, cardiomyopathies, heart failure, etc. To treat this medical condition, several medications (like antiarrhythmic agents, dietary supplements, and blood pressure support) and treatments are recommended.

Main Differences Between Vtach and Vfib

  1. Ventricular Tachycardia(Vtach) and Ventricular Fibrillation (Vfib) are two medical conditions that are associated with heart disorder. Vtach is a medical term that is used to define irregular heart impulses, and it mostly arises in those individuals having valvular heart disease. On the other side, Vfib is an emergency medical condition in which the lower heart chamber shudder, and the heart would not be able to pump blood which consequently leads to heart failure.
  2. Various factors are responsible for Vtach and Vfib. The major reasons that caused vtach are not particularly known, but it is usually triggered by congestive heart failure, cardiomyopathy, structural heart disorder, etc. On the contrary, Vfib is caused by aortic stenosis, electrical shock, LQTS, Brugada syndrome, cardiomyopathies, heart failure, etc
  3. The risk of Ventricular Tachycardia(Vtach) and Ventricular Fibrillation (Vfib) get escalated by several factors. Risk of vtach includes extreme electrolyte deformities, heart disorders, etc. A person with heart issues or a family history of vtach has a higher risk of this condition. On the contrary, the risk of vfib includes damage of heart cells, cardiomyopathy, intake of illegal drugs, etc.
  4. A person suffering from vtach and vfib is recommended with some treatment and medications, which consequently helps to treat the person. Treatment for Ventricular Tachycardia(Vtach) includes Cardioversion, radio frequency catheter ablation, vagal manoeuvres, anti-arrhythmic drugs. In medications, beta-blockers and blood pressure support are effective. On the other side, treatment for Ventricular Fibrillation (Vfib) includes Defibrillation, CPR, coronary angioplasty, and stent placement, etc.
  5. Vtach and Vfib have different frequencies. Vtach is fast but has a regular rhythm, and it would be higher than 100 beats per minute and reach up to 200 beats. On the contrary, Vfib is also fast but has an irregular rhythm with 350 to 500 beats per minute.

Conclusion

Ventricular Tachycardia (Vtach) and Ventricular Fibrillation (Vfib) are the medical conditions in which the heartbeat gets irregular and consequently results in arrhythmia. Vfib is comparatively more serious, which affects the rate and the rhythm and also leads to death if not treated timely. In both of these medical conditions, it is essential to examine the causes and symptoms seriously so that accurate and most suitable treatment and medication should be taken.

References

  1. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/cc2369
  2. https://www.ahajournals.org/doi/abs/10.1161/01.cir.89.3.1068

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