Difference Between WAP and Router (With Table)

Today most of the duties and tasks are carried out by the usage of the internet. Several people make the most use of internet access for several purposes. However, internet accessibility differs from device to device and place to place. There are several devices available for making the internet accessible. These devices make sure that there is a healthy and strong internet connection that avoid lagging and buffering. Two of such devices are 1. WAP or Wireless Access Point and 2. Router.

WAP vs Router

The difference between WAP or Wireless Access Point and Router is their purpose. The primary purpose of WAP (Wireless Access Point) is to wirelessly allow and connect clients. On the other hand, the primary purpose of a router is to drift the traffic from different network elements that make it a networking device.

The Wireless Access Point or WAP is an access point that allows other devices to connect to a wired device. It is a networking hardware device. The access point may or may not be connected to a router, though in wireless routers, the access point is considered the indispensable part. The access point is straight away connected to a regional network that is wired. However, the regional network must be introduced to a wireless access point and wireless router technology.

A networking device that is meant for forwarding data packets among several computer networks and to point traffic functions on the internet is known as the router. The data is sent in the forms of packets from various routers, and finally, it is reached to its destination node. A connection between two or more data lines from different IP networks and a router is formed. A router reads the network address information whenever a data packet arrives on any of the data lines and then infers its destination node to where it is supposed to reach.

Comparison Table Between WAP and Router

Parameters of ComparisonWAPRouter
MeaningThe access point that allows other devices to connect to a wired device is known as the Wireless Access Point or WAP.A networking device meant for forwarding data packets among several computer networks and point traffic functions on the internet is known as the router.
PurposeFor extension of the reach of a wireless network, Increase the number of users.To form a connection multiple devices, including computers, mobile phones etc., to form a local area network that is managed, provide an internet connection to all the connected devices, Controlling the flow of data, Providence of segmentation, Inferring the suitable path for sending data packets etc.
FunctionsWireless Telephony Application Interface (WTAI), Optimized protocol stack, Wireless Markup language (WML), Programming model etc.Throughput, Range, Bands, Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO), Beamforming etc.
More suitable forLarger enterprises, firms and organizations, Web newsgroups, Instant messaging etc.Households, small businesses etc.
SubtypesThe standalone access point, Controller access point, Single frequency access point, Dual-band access point, In-wall access point, Ceiling access point, Commercial access point, Enterprise level access point.Wireless routers, Wired router, Edge router, Core router, Virtual router.

What is WAP?

The access point that allows other devices to connect to a wired device is known as the Wireless Access Point or WAP. It is a networking hardware device. The access point may or may not be connected to a router, though in wireless routers, the access point is considered the indispensable part. The access point is straight away connected to a regional network that is wired.

Based on several parameters, various types of wireless access points include standalone access point, controller access point, single frequency access point, dual-band access point, in-wall access point, ceiling access point, commercial access point, enterprise-level access point, multifunction access point etc. These types of access points are used for various purposes in different niches.

Special security and safety considerations for wireless access points are included. A common safety measure of wireless traffic encryption is considered by the majority of people. The maximum number of clients that access the wireless access point varies depending on several factors like types of access points, saturation in the client environment etc. The range is also varying depending on several factors.

There are several uses of wireless access points. The primary purposes of wireless access point include an extension of the reach of a wireless network, increase the number of users etc. However, the wireless access point is used in larger enterprises, firms and organizations, web newsgroups, instant messaging etc. as well.

What is Router?

A networking device that is meant for forwarding data packets among several computer networks and to point traffic functions on the internet is known as the router. It has various purposes and is used in different places. The data is sent in the forms of packets from various routers, and finally, it is reached to its destination node.

A connection between two or more data lines from different IP networks and a router is formed. A router reads the network address information whenever a data packet arrives on any of the data lines and then infers its destination node to where it is supposed to reach. The determination of the destination node is done by the router.

The other purposes of the router include forming a connection multiple devices including computers, mobile phones etc. to form a local area network that is managed, to provide an internet connection to all the connected devices, controlling the flow of data, providence of segmentation, inferring the suitable path for sending data packets determination of the destination node etc.

Several types of routers are available in the market that includes wireless routers, wired router, edge router, core router, virtual router etc. People choose the routers depending on the purpose. Several features are also taken into consideration while choosing the routers, including throughput, range, bands, multiple inputs, multiple outputs (MIMO), beamforming etc.

Main Differences Between WAP and Router

  1. The WAP is a sub-device that acts within the local area network and connects more devices to the network. On the other hand, the router is a hub that forms a local area network by managing all the connected devices.
  2. All the wireless routers can play the role of an access point, but not all the wireless access points can function as routers.
  3. The wireless access point provides access to various devices to the local area network. On the other hand, the router not only manages the local networks but also communicates with the networks that are outside and performs other functions as well.
  4. Several types of wireless access points include standalone access point, controller access point, single frequency access point etc., on the other hand, several types of routers include virtual routers, core routers etc.
  5. The wireless access points are more suitable for enterprises and firms that require a higher level of internet accessibility. On the other hand, the router is more suitable for optimum usage of the internet in households and small businesses.

Conclusion

Both wireless access points and routers stay true to their purposes and make sure that there is enough internet accessibility. They stand up to their purposes, and people find them very useful to complete their duties and tasks.

Although, the users must be careful and must take the necessary safety measures so that their internet access is not disrupted and no harm is caused. Prevention measures must be taken to avoid such mishaps.

References

  1. https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/1041061/
  2. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S014036640800025X
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