Difference between Xanax and Valium (With Table)

Xanax and valium are two drugs that have a practical application to treat anxiety disorders. Both Xanax and valium are minor tranquilizers. Although both the drugs are similar, they are not exactly alike. Xanax is an intermediate onset benzodiazepine. It has a half-life of 8 to 20 hours. On the other hand, valium is a rapid onset benzodiazepine, which works by improving the effects of GABA (gamma-amino butyric acid). 

Xanax vs Valium

The difference between Xanax and Valium is that the generic name of Xanax is alprazolam. On the other hand, the generic name of valium is diazepam. Xanax has practical use in the treatment of panic and anxiety disorders. In contrast, valium has practical use in the treatment of seizure disorders, muscle spasms, and anxiety.

Xanax is a member of the class of generic drugs called benzodiazepines. It is an intermediate onset benzodiazepine, which has a half-life of 8 to 20 hours and has practical use in treating seizure disorders, muscle spasms, and anxiety. Xanax has a slow reaction time and mobility. It may cause drowsiness and confusion. More severely, it can cause depression of the CNS ( Central Nervous System ) in the patient. 

Valium is a generic drug that is a member of the class called benzodiazepines. It is a rapid onset benzodiazepine, which works by improving the effects of GABA (gamma-aminobutyric acid). Valium has practical use in the treatment of seizure disorders, muscle spasms, and anxiety. Valium can likely cause confusion, drowsiness, and lightheadedness in the patient. More severely, it can cause depression of the CNS ( Central Nervous System ).

Comparison Table Between Xanax and Valium

Parameters of ComparisonXanaxValium
DefinitionXanax is an intermediate onset benzodiazepine, which has a half life of 8 to 20 hours. Valium is a rapid onset benzodiazepine, which works by improving the effects of  GABA (gamma-aminobutyric acid).
Practical applicationIt has practical use in the treatment of panic and anxiety disorders.It has a practical use in the treatment of seizure disorders, muscle spasms, and anxiety.
Generic nameThe generic name of Xanax is alprazolam.The generic name of valium is diazepam.
Available formsThe drug is available in concentrated oral solution, and tablets.The drug is available in oral solution (concentrated and unconcentrated), tablets, rectal gel, and intravenous solution.
Standard DosageThe standard dosage of Xanax varies from 0.25mg to 0.5 mg three times in a day. The standard dosage of valium ranges from 2mg to 10mg two to four times in a day. 
Side effectsXanax has side effects such as changes in weight and constipation. Valium has side effects such as ataxia, rash, euphoria, and diarrhoea. 

What is Xanax?

Xanax is a member of the class of generic drugs called benzodiazepines. It has practical use in the treatment of panic and anxiety disorders. Moreover, the use of Xanax needs medical evaluation by a physician and a prescription to procure. It is an intermediate onset benzodiazepine, which has a half-life of 8 to 20 hours. Xanax is a generic drug used to treat neutral conditions like anxiety. 

The generic name of Xanax is alprazolam. The drug is available in the form of concentrated oral solutions and tablets. The standard dosage of Xanax varies from 0.25mg to 0.5 mg three times a day. The typical treatment of Xanax is short term. In addition, it has a practical application in treating anxiety in children above seven years of age and adults. 

Xanax has a slow reaction time and mobility. It may cause drowsiness and confusion. More severely, it can cause depression of the CNS ( Central Nervous System ) in the patient. Xanax is a D category at the time of pregnancy. In addition, it has the potential to cause abuse and dependence. 

The consumption of Xanax shall take place under the strict supervision of the physician. It can cause harmful side effects in the elderly and patients with a high risk of falls. The drug shall be in use for a short period. 

What is Valium?

Valium is a generic drug that is a member of the class called benzodiazepines. It has practical use in the treatment of seizure disorders, muscle spasms, and anxiety. The use of valium needs medical evaluation by a physician and a prescription to procure. Valium is a rapid onset benzodiazepine, which works by improving the effects of GABA (gamma-aminobutyric acid).

The generic name of valium is diazepam. The drug is available in oral solution (concentrated and unconcentrated), tablets, rectal gel, and intravenous solution. The standard dosage of valium ranges from 2mg to 10mg two to four times a day. The typical treatment of valium is short term. However, the after-effects of valium take a long time to wear off completely. 

Valium can likely cause confusion, constipation, drowsiness, nausea, and light-headedness in the patient. More severely, it can cause depression of the CNS ( Central Nervous System ). In addition, it is a D category drug at the time of pregnancy. During the intake of valium, patients are not allowed to consume grapefruit or grapefruit juice. 

Valium can cause harmful side effects in the elderly and patients with a high risk of falls. Patients consuming the drug shall be in close contact with their physicians. Conclusively, Valium should be used for a short period to prevent any severe after-effects. 

Main Differences Between Xanax and Valium

  1. The generic name of Xanax is alprazolam. On the other hand, the generic name of valium is diazepam.
  2.  Xanax has practical use in the treatment of panic and anxiety disorders. In contrast, valium has practical use in the treatment of seizure disorders, muscle spasms, and anxiety. 
  3. The dosage of Xanax varies from 0.25mg to 0.5 mg three times a day. However, the standard dosage of valium ranges from 2mg to 10mg two to four times a day. 
  4. Xanax  is available in the form of concentrated oral solutions and tablets. On the other hand, valium is available in oral solution (concentrated and unconcentrated), tablets, rectal gel, and intravenous solution.
  5. Xanax is an intermediate onset benzodiazepine. It has a half-life of 8 to 20 hours. In contrast,  valium is a rapid onset benzodiazepine, which works by improving the effects of GABA (gamma-aminobutyric acid). 

Conclusion

Although xanax and valium belong to the same class of generic drugs, they are not alike. The generic name of Xanax is alprazolam. On the other hand, the generic name of valium is diazepam. Xanax is an intermediate onset benzodiazepine. It has a half-life of 8 to 20 hours. In contrast,  valium is a rapid onset benzodiazepine, which works by improving the effects of GABA (gamma-aminobutyric acid). 

The dosage of Xanax varies from 0.25mg to 0.5 mg three times a day. However, the standard dosage of valium ranges from 2mg to 10mg two to four times a day. Xanax  is available in the form of concentrated oral solutions and tablets. On the other hand, valium is available in oral solution (concentrated and unconcentrated), tablets, rectal gel, and intravenous solution.

The dosage, practical use, available forms, generic name, and period of each drug varies from the other. Therefore, it is justifiable to conclude that Xanax and Valium are different generic drugs. 

References

  1. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/027153848190020X
  2. https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.2190/DE.37.4.e
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