Difference Between Yeast Infection and BV (With Table)

Yeast Infection and Bacterial Vaginosis both are the most common infection that is caused in women. They both lead to pain, discomfort and cause vaginitis. Almost every female went through one of these two once in a lifetime.

They both are a type of infection that happens in the vagina, and their symptoms are also similar, but they are different from each other because of their different reasons for causes and various treatments related to it.

Yeast Infection vs BV

The difference between Yeast Infection and Bv is that yeast infection is caused by the outgrowth of yeasts, whereas Bv is caused by the outgrowth of Bacterias. In addition to this, their treatments are also different. They both have slight differences in their symptoms. Yeast infection caused redness, inflammation in the vulva, irritation, and itching in the vagina, whereas Bv causes irritation and burning sensation while urinating.

Yeast Infection is caused by the outgrowth of yeast naturally present in the body called Candida. They cause pain and discomfort and are usually accompanied by burning, irritation, and itching in the vagina. The vaginal discharge caused by the yeast infection is thick and white, and they are generally odorless.

Bv stands for Bacterial Vaginotisis. They are caused when certain bacteria are excessively grown. They show the same symptoms, just like yeast infections. They cause a vaginal discharge that is thin and white or gray. They are generally very smelly and have a fishy odor. They are caused mostly in women aged 15-44. The ph of the body is changed and is greater than 4.5.

Comparison Table Between Yeast Infection and BV

Parameters of ComparisonYeast InfectionBV
DefinitionAn infection in the vagina due to the excessive growth of already presented yeast in the body.Bacterial infection in the vagina is caused due to an unbalance of a variety of bacterias.
pH of VaginaThe pH level of the vagina get to equal or less than 4.5The pH level of the vagina is greater than 4.5.
SymptomsSome symptoms include: burning, itching, and irritation, redness, and inflammation in the vulvaVaginal itching, and burning during urinating. Redness and inflammation of the valva.
OdorIn this infection, it does,t cause any odor.This infection generally causes a stinky fishy odor.
Color of dischargeThe color of vaginal discharge is white in color.The color of vaginal discharge is white or pale yellow in color.

What is Yeast Infection?

A type of yeast called Candida is naturally present in our body, and when this yeast grows excessively, they cause infection in the vagina or vulva. This infection can cause pain and discomfort in women. It is not a transmissible infection but can get escalated due to sexual intercourse.

This infection can happen for a variety of reasons, such as more frequent sex or pregnancy, a weak immune system, or hormonal contraceptive pills. The infection can have symptoms like itching in the vagina, burning sensation, irritation, redness, or inflammation in the vulva, etc. 

The infection can lead to vaginal discharge, which is of thick, white color resembles cottage cheese. This infection doesn’t cause any odor. The ph level of the vagina can go to less than or equal to 4.5. Women suffering from diabetes are more prone to these infections. This infection is caused to almost 3 out of 4 women, but they are mild. In some cases, they can be a serious problem.

What is BV?

Bv stands for Bacterial Vaginosis. It is a vaginal infection that is caused by the imbalance of certain kinds of Bacteria. One of these bacterial strains is Gardnerella Vaginalis which causes these infections. It is not a sexually transmitted infection, just like a yeast infection, but it can be one of the reasons for changing the pH of the vagina.

Their symptoms are almost the same as yeast infection, except redness and inflammation are very uncommon. They can cause vaginal discharge that is mostly thin, white, or gray. Unlike Yeast infections, this infection can cause foul-smelling and a fishy smell in your vagina.

The ph of the vagina, in this case, is greater than 4.5. There are some common causes of Bv that include douching, pregnancy, multiple sex partners, etc. They are most common in women aged 15-44.

Main Differences Between Yeast Infection and BV

  1. Yeast infection is a kind of vaginal infection that happens when the yeast present in our body goes out of control, whereas Bv is a Bacterial infection in the vagina which is caused due to imbalance of bacteria.
  2. In yeast infection, the ph of the vagina is less than or equal to 4.5, whereas, In Bv, the ph is greater than 4.5.
  3. The symptoms of yeast infection include itching, burning, and irritation in the vagina, along with redness and inflammation in the vulva. Whereas in Bv, it is the same symptoms as that of yeast infection, but redness and inflammation are not there.
  4. In yeast infection, there is a thick white vaginal discharge which has a consistency of cottage cheese, whereas, in Bv, one suffers from a thin, gray, and white vaginal discharge.
  5. In Yeast infection, there is pain and discomfort but no vaginal odor, whereas, in Bv, there is discomfort and also foul-smelling and fishy odor.

Conclusion

Either it’s Yeast infection or Bv, they both cause discomfort and pain. These both infections put health in bad condition. One can only prevent them by having a healthy lifestyle and cleanliness, especially in the vaginal areas.

Sometimes, they are mild, so they are not easy to recognize, and one can’t think that it is happening or not. They are a bit hard to distinguish. Yeast infection and Bv both have similar symptoms with some slight differences like in odor, in the type of discharge, etc. It is better to keep an eye on the symptoms of one feel like this and talk to the concerned doctor before it is escalated.

References

  1. https://www.bmj.com/content/2/6079/93.abstract
  2. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1046/j.1439-0507.2001.00627.x
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