Diferencia entre comercio exterior e inversión extranjera (con tabla)

A trade between two or more countries that connects their various markets is called foreign trade. An investment made by an organization or a particular individual in some other country is called as foreign investment.

Comercio exterior vs inversión extranjera

los difference between foreign trade and foreign investment is that trade involves the movement of goods while investment involves an objective to earn profits based on only monetary transactions. The prominent difference is that foreign trade deals with goods while foreign trade deals with capital. By capital, it means monetary underpinnings.

Also, another key difference between foreign trade and foreign investment is that foreign investment also involves the buying and selling of the goods along with the movement of goods.

La inversión extranjera está relacionada específicamente con el modelo de negocio particular 'A', el cambio de divisas y las inversiones de capital.

Comparison Table Between Foreign Trade and Foreign Investment

Parámetros de comparaciónComercio ExteriorInversión extranjera
ObjetivoImpulsado por las gananciasRetorno a largo plazo
VentajaMercados internacionalesCapital a largo plazo para una empresa
IntenciónDotaciones de recursosRequisito de capital
ResultadoUna fusión de varios mercadosInversión adicional al mercado

¿Qué es el Comercio Exterior?

Trades are either done within a state, city, province, countries or between two or more countries. In the inflow of goods in a country is called import and the outflow of goods to other countries is called export.

El comercio exterior crea oportunidades para que el productor de bienes se extienda más allá de sus propios mercados. Técnicamente, el comercio exterior implica llegar únicamente a los mercados extranjeros.

Also, because the foreign goods enter the local markets, the local products too have to equalize their rates to be in the market which gives a tough competition to the local vendors and the exporters. It is often assumed that foreign products are better than domestic ones. But this may or may not be true.

¿Qué es la inversión extranjera?

Foreign investment involves the monetary handling of machinery, buildings, properties, etc which is a kind of investment done by a person or multinational companies outside the home country. This is done by purchasing some shares of a company to get a profit out of it or pooling in their own money and taking rights are a part of the company in a foreign land.

To make it simple, foreign investment is the inflow of monetary capitals (not goods) and funds. As understood that due to foreign trade practices, the local producers to indulge in investing their money in the foreign market.

La inversión se realiza en términos monetarios, inversión, compra de acciones o una fianza contractual.

Principales diferencias entre comercio exterior e inversión extranjera

Objetivo

The main objective of foreign trade is to ensure they gain profits by entering the international market through the import mechanism. The foreign investment seeps into the objective of gaining long term self-generated capital returns.

Los rendimientos de la inversión extranjera podrían incluir la participación en una empresa con sede en un país diferente.

El otro objetivo es que el comercio exterior conecte los mercados de dos o muchos países del mundo geográficamente separados a través de un determinado intercambio de bienes.

In contrast to foreign trade, foreign investment engages in further investment other than the goods only. The investment to or in the company is executed in the form of any technology, provision of resources or direct involvement of money.

Ventaja

La ventaja del comercio exterior es que conecta varios tipos de mercados específicos de los diferentes países que están marcados en el globo.

On the other end of the spectrum, foreign investment calls out to engage in additional investment. This additional investment can be anything that resonates with the constant fast-tracked globalization.

Ahora bien, todos los países no necesariamente poseen o crean todos los tipos de recursos y, por lo tanto, se requiere comercio exterior para satisfacer las necesidades de demanda de cualquier recurso en particular.

Let’s say that the foreign trade fills in the deficient gaps of supply in a country. The foreign investment deals with fulfilling the capital requirement of other companies.

Es decir, el dinero y los fondos que se invierten en una empresa local provienen de una fuente que proviene de otro mercado / nación.

Intención

The intention is directly related to the wants of people and organizations. The intention of foreign trade is to quest the resource needs, requirements demand through trade taking place in order to address the gaps of demand.

Por ejemplo, los EAU no cultivan sus propios vegetales.

The onions are imported from Karnataka, rice from Kerela, pulses from Maharashtra, etc. It can also be said that the foreign trade addressed ‘human-made’ needs while foreign investment deals with ‘human-want’ needs.

The intention of foreign investment is nested by foreign nations or out of country organizations to gain a percentage benefit in the profit of another countries business model. That means that they want the control, semi ownership and have a say in the management of that particular organization.

Resultado

As per the understanding through the objectives, advantages, and intention is that both the markets are profit drive; be it through goods inflow or outflow or capital investment.

 Foreign trade gives an opportunity to enter the global market and reach out to the places that would value goods and produces. The result is better income and creating a niche in the market.

A foreign investment gets a benefit to holding right and has a deciding power in the stakes of a company which is not a part of their country law. As every country has its own laws; be it legal or business, the foreign investors look at better long-term generated monetary returns.

Conclusión

Para aumentar el PIB del país, es decir, el producto interno bruto, tanto el comercio exterior como las inversiones extranjeras actúan como catalizadores del desarrollo económico.

Pero, ambos conscientes de que el escenario social, económico y político del país puede cambiar; es importante conocer algunos aspectos.

Ser consciente de las fluctuaciones de las tasas de interés, el valor de la moneda, las opciones de inversión, el mercado de valores, los acuerdos comerciales, las ventas y las operaciones de fabricación mediante el uso de la lente de un enfoque global es un parámetro importante a tener en cuenta.

Referencias

  1. https://www.jstor.org/stable/1924829
  2. https://siepr.stanford.edu/sites/default/files/publications/302wp.pdf