Diferencia entre sintaxis y gramática (con tabla)

Syntax vs Grammar

Languages are fun to learn. However, only those who can understand the Gramática y Syntax can easily write and speak any language in the correct sense. Many of us may think that the terms Gramática y Syntax are one and the same, however, there is a spring difference between the two.

los diferencia entre Syntax y Gramática es eso Syntax is a part of Gramática which mainly deals with putting together words in the proper sense, while Gramática is a set of rules that defines the grammatical structure of a language.

Sin embargo, lo anterior no es la única diferencia. Una comparación entre ambos términos sobre ciertos parámetros puede arrojar luz sobre aspectos sutiles:


 

Comparison Table Between Syntax and Grammar (in Tabular Form)

Parámetro de comparaciónSyntaxGramática
SentidoSyntax deals with sentence structure only.Grammar is a group of rules setting forth the correct usage of language.
AlcanceSyntax is mainly about the order of the words. Syntax does not include Grammar, hence it can be considered as having limited scope.Grammar includes Syntax and hence can be considered as having wide scope.
SubsetsSyntax does not have any further diversificationGrammar is further diversified into two types viz. Morphology and Syntax
Level of OperationSyntax operates at a micro level, that is, Syntax is all about word structuring or determining which word comes before and after another wordGrammar operates at a macro level, that is, Grammar is all about the correct structure of the overall language and not just focussing on words and sentences
ComposiciónSyntax is having a free and easy nature or in other words, can be considered as optional. Syntax does not tell anyone how to use any rules nor lays down any rules.Grammar is more authoritarian in nature. It lays down certain rules to be followed regarding the grammatical structure of language.
AplicabilidadMost people may not be aware of Syntax structures. Syntax is more of a deeper study which may be known to literature or language scholars.Most people will be aware of Grammar and rules related thereto. Grammar is something that is followed in daily use.
Order of PrecedenceSyntax is learned after studying GrammarGrammar is learned first before studying Syntax

 

What is Syntax?

Syntax is derived from the French term “sintaxe”. Syntax in simple meaning means arranging together. From a language perspective, Syntax can be considered as an arrangement of words.

Syntax is a part of Gramática. Syntax is how linguistic elements (such as words) are put together to form constituents (such as phrases or clauses). In other words, Syntax can be called a part of Gramática which specifically deals in structuring of words or sentences.

Syntax is all about words and how to arrange the words to create a perfect or well-organized sentence. Learning of Syntax is important to create well defined and structured sentences intended to convey the right meaning and perspective of the speaker or writer. Syntax is a linguistic discipline which studies the structure of a sentence.

Syntax is a subset of Gramática. In this sense, Syntax operates at a micro-level to understand and study a certain set of rules and principles for the formation of organized sentences. Syntax is often considered a point of concern in poesía. Syntax is also commonly elaborated concerning diction i.e. the choice of words of the poet.

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Syntax 1
 

What is Grammar?

Gramática means a certain group of rules or procedures that dictate how a language should be used (written/spoken) in the right sense. In simple terms, Gramática sets forth the ground law for creating right structured documents free of any construction errors in words or sentences. Gramática can be considered as a method to put the words in a way to create proper and organized sentences. Gramática lays down the rules of forming sentences.

Gramática is further subdivided into two categories. One is known as morphology and the other is known as Syntax. Morphology is mainly to do with  internal structure of words. Though the English language may not have that much morphology, other languages, especially certain European languages, have a lot of morphology in their languages. Syntax deals with the organization of words which includes ordering of words.

Gramática can be considered as having macro scope because it lays down the foundation and overall rules for the construction of sentences and words. Gramática can be known as a starting point for any person to learn to help write and speak in the desired language.

Gramática is a set of structural rules which dictates how to construct sentences, words, phrases in a language.Gramática can be regarded as something which puts forth a certain position or proposition. Further, Gramática also recommends certain approaches to be followed. The rules and Gramática vary from language to language. But at an overall level Grammar can be considered as prescriptive in nature.

Gramática

Main Differences Between Syntax and Grammar

  • Syntax deals with structuring of words or arrangement of words. Gramática deals with rules relating to overall sentence construction in a  language.
  • Syntax does not include Gramática. Gramática includes Syntax.
  • Syntax has limited scope. Gramática has wider scope.
  • Syntax operates at a micro level i.e. only focuses on the arrangement of words. Gramática focuses on the macro level i.e. it deals with the rules regarding the construction of sentences, words, phrases.
  • Syntax is not so common in daily usage. Gramática plays an important part in daily use.
  • Syntax is optional. Gramática has a prescriptive approach.

 

Conclusión

Mastery over Syntax y Gramática is important if one wants to speak and write fluently in any language. Syntax y Gramática form an important and solid foundation for composing perfect sentences and structures. As Gramática includes Syntax, there may be a possibility in some cases that Syntax y Gramática may overlap due to the subtle difference between these two terms.

It is recommended that one should make it a point to master Syntax y Gramática of any language. The reason being mastering these aspects while studying a language can enable a person to construct clear and perfect sentences and words thereby leaving a lasting impression in the audience.


 

Word Cloud for Difference Between Syntax and Grammar

La siguiente es una recopilación de los términos más utilizados en este artículo sobre Syntax and Grammar. Esto debería ayudarlo a recordar términos relacionados tal como se usan en este artículo en una etapa posterior.

Difference between Syntax and Grammar