Difference Between Anthropology and History (With Table)

Although the subject material of both Anthropology and History somewhat identical to each other, they vary vastly in certain ways. Anthropology and history are two distinct fields of research that are both concerned with humans. Aspirants may pursue higher education as well as consider job opportunities in these subject fields.

Anthropology vs History

The difference between Anthropology and History is that anthropology’s goal is to reveal the authentic essence of humans, while History’s main goal is to learn about and appreciate the past. History is a wider concept than that of Anthropology as it is the study of the past that includes the study of humans, whereas Anthropology is the study of only humans and their behavior.

Anthropology is described as the study of human beings and the analysis of the data concerning their behavior. Anthropology is the study of humans, while anthropology is the study of humanity’s history and cultures. An anthropologist is an individual who studies anthropology. Human nature, genetics, traditions, and civilizations in the present and past, including past human beings, are the main themes of research.

History is a wide area of research, although anthropology is a branch of it. Essentially, history is the study of the experience of human cultures. Everything that has happened in the past is history, and everything that will happen in the future will become part of it. This covers both oral and written versions of history, but written sources get further attention.

Comparison Table Between Anthropology and History

Paramètres de comparaisonAnthropologieL'histoire
DéfinitionStudy about the different aspects of Human Beings.Study of Past.
Objectif principalThe real existence of human beings is discovered.To learn about historical time (Especially focusing on Humans).
PortéeSmaller (Subsection of History)Plus large
ProfessionalAnthropologistHistorian
Analysis and EvaluationHuman Behaviour.Every phenomenon, including the whereabouts of humans.

Qu'est-ce que l'anthropologie?

Anthropology is a branch of science dealing with human nature, genetics, environments, and civilizations in the present and past, including past human beings. Cultural anthropology investigates the cultural context, including values and attitudes, while social anthropology investigates behavioral trends.

Anthropology’s primary goal is to research humans, both historical and present, with an emphasis on cultural and biological knowledge of the human experience. This interdisciplinary emphasis distinguishes anthropology from other humanities and natural sciences.

Linguistic anthropology is the study of how language affects social behavior. Biological or physical anthropology is the study of human creation. Cultural anthropology, which is generally considered a subset of social anthropology, encompasses both ethnographic film (in which photography, film, and new media are used for research) and the study of “visuals,” such as painting, visual pictures, and cinema.

Anthropology offers both Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of Science degrees. Higher education services in the same area improve an individual’s abilities and ability to do better at work. The professions one might consider after pursuing the degree in this subject are, Archivists Archaeologists, Linguists, Social Workers in Media Houses, Tour Guides, Culture Resource Managers, and Curators, etc. Some even might consider being a research scholar or explore the teaching profession.

What is History?

The study of the past is defined as history. The term “history” refers to the retrieval, analysis, accumulation, configuration, description, and understanding of data about historical events.

Historians use historical evidence, oral narratives, biological markers, and tangible things like artwork and artifacts to transform history into context.

History commonly applies to the analytical field that employs narration to explain, explore, challenge, and interpret a series of historical events, as well as the patterns of cause and effect that are connected to them.

Historians use myths to interpret and reflect the past. They also argue over which narrative best describes an incident and the importance of various causes and consequences. Historians often question the essence of history and its utility by addressing the discipline’s analysis as a goal in and of itself, as well as a means of offering a “perspective” on current issues.

Historians write in the sense of their own time, taking into account the prevailing views of how to understand the history at the time, and occasionally writing to offer lessons about their own culture.

History is also available as a graduate and postgraduate degree at several universities and colleges around the world. The same makes for higher study in the form of M. Phil. and Ph.D. degrees, allowing for a successful academic future. The professions one might consider after pursuing this degree are Information Manager, Library Systems Analyst, Records Manager, Research Assistant, and Online Search Specialist. One might consider the teaching profession too.

Main Differences Between Anthropology and History

  1. By description, Anthropology is the study of the different phases and aspects of human beings, whereas history is the research, investigation, and inspection of the past.
  2. The main objective of Anthropology is to have human beings’ true existence is revealed. Whereas, in the case of history, the main objective is to scrutinize the past, especially regarding humans.
  3. In terms of scope, Anthropology is a smaller one when compared to History as Anthropology is just part of the latter.
  4. The professional who is an expert in the field of Anthropology is referred to as an Anthropologist, and the one who is a learned expert in History is called Historian.
  5. The main matter of analysis and evaluation in the case of Anthropology is Human behavior, and in the case of History, it is about anything and everything that occurred in the past, specifically the events which involve Humans.

Conclusion

Anthropology and History are two diverse subjects that have a vast difference among them. However, Anthropology is a subpart of the other one. Anthropology mainly focuses on humans and their behavior from past as well as present and sometimes the professionals, an expert in this subject, i.e., Anthropologists can anticipate the future doings of humans. 

Whereas History completely and exclusively is the study of the past, of not just human beings but of everything and anything, which happened before. There are reasons why these subjects are so important and one being for anthropology is that one needs to understand and analyze human behavior as it can help solve many social and philosophical problems, and for history, it is, one needs to know the foundation from where they came from.

Références

  1. https://psycnet.apa.org/record/1955-05458-000
  2. https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=w8hcDwAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PT6&dq=history&ots=2mAY9PcMH-&sig=Ii6T5DcFiX5OgY_4kyadSqmjmNU
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