Difference Between Barometers and Manometers (With Table)

The scientific world and its inventions have made a great impact and difference in many fields and have created feasibility in study, analysis and management. Several inventions and discoveries have made it possible for people to know about a certain term or thing, precisely making them informative and literate.

Before certain inventions were made, people used to make rough decisions and predictions by using traditional methodologies about certain things and used to often lack perfection in their results. Inventions of several devices to measure several aspects of science and the environment have been helpful to mankind. Two of such great inventions to measure atmospheric pressure are 1. Barometers and 2. Manometers.

Barometers vs Manometers

The difference between barometers and manometers is in terms of the presence of an open-ended tube. Barometers possess open-ended tube. On the other hand, manometers do not possess open-ended tube. The design and function of barometers are rather limited than the design and functions in manometers.

A scientific device used to calculate atmospheric pressure is called a barometer. The minor fluctuations in pressure that are caused by weather and its different elements are measured by barometers. By the time people got familiar with this invention, many other subtypes of it were introduced by taking into consideration several parameters like the material used to make them and their methods for measurements—for example, water barometers, mercury barometers, Fitzroy barometers etc.

A scientific device used for measurement and indication of pressure is called a manometer. It is not only used to measure air pressure but also used for the measurement of other pressures that are lower than the air pressure. A manometer’s construction involves several other elements, which makes it different from a barometer. For instance, it consists of a “u” shaped tube and has either mercury or water for calculations.

Comparison Table Between Barometers and Manometers

Paramètres de comparaison Barometers Manometers
Invented in/on16431661
InventorsEvangelista TorricelliOtto von Guericke
Sous-typesWater barometers, Mercury barometers, Fitzroy barometers, Fortin barometers, Sympiesometers, Wheel barometers, Vacuum Pump Oil barometers, Aneroid barometers, MEMS barometers.U-tube manometers, Differential U-tube manometers, Inverted U-tube manometers, Micro manometers, Inclined manometers, Ring-Balance manometers, Digital manometers, Analog manometers.
Les usagesMeasurement of atmospheric pressure, Whether forecasting, Used in scuba diving to keep track of the diver’s air tank, In smartphone’s fitness applications, In smartphone’s GPS chip for faster locks and delivery of altitude data.Measurements of smaller or larger pressure differences, Monitoring of gas pressure in water pipelines, Measurement of water pressure, Mercury Absolute manometers are used for various purposes in power plants, Used in research laboratories.
AvantagesHigh density, low vapour pressure, Moderate rate of evaporation, Non-sticky, Opaque surface.Less maintenance, Fewer costs, Feasible manufacturing, Excellent accuracy and sensitivity.
Désavantages Some types of barometers are easy to transport while some are not, with High chances of contamination of the liquid.Large in size and bulky, Requires levelling, Condensation introduces errors, Poor dynamic performance.

What are Barometers?

A scientific device used to calculate atmospheric pressure is called a barometer. In the year 1643, Evangelista Torricelli invented the first barometer. However, it is also found that the water barometer was invented by Gasparo Berti between 1640 to 1643. The derivation of the word “barometer” is done from an ancient Greek word “, báros”, which means weight and “métron”, which means measure.

The Measurement of atmospheric pressure by a barometer is referred to as barometric pressure. The equation by which we can find the barometric pressure is “Patm= ρgh”. The minor fluctuations in pressure that are caused by weather and its different elements are measured by barometers. There are several other applications of barometers depending on their subtypes.

Several other applications of a barometer and its subtypes include, Measurement of atmospheric pressure, Whether forecasting, Used in scuba diving to keep track of the diver’s air tank. It is also used in the smartphone’s GPS chip which ensures quick locks and also delivers altitude data.

There are several types of barometers classified on parameters, like the material used to make them and their methods for measurements-for example, Water barometers, Mercury barometers, Fitzroy barometers, Fortin barometers, Sympiesometers, Wheel barometers. Barometers that use vacuum pump oil as a working substance are called Vacuum Pump Oil barometers.

Barometers gave their disadvantages and advantages. Some of its advantages include high density, low vapour pressure, moderate rate of evaporation, non-sticky, opaque surface, and some of its disadvantages include high chances of contamination of the liquid.

What are Manometers?

A scientific device used for measurement and indication of pressure is called a manometer. It is not only used to measure air pressure but also used for the measurement of other pressures that are lower than the air pressure. The manometer was invented by Otto Van Guericke in the year 1661.

Light oils, water and mercury, are some of the liquids used in a manometer for measurement. A manometer is also used to measure smaller or larger pressure differences. For higher accuracy and efficient results, mercury is used prominently in manometers as it has a high density as compared to other liquids.

It has several other subtypes which include, U-tube manometers, Differential U-tube manometers, Inverted U-tube manometers, Micro manometers, Inclined manometers, Ring-Balance manometers, Digital manometers, Analog manometers. These several types have several applications and have their independent properties and constructions.

Several applications of manometers include Measurements of smaller or larger pressure differences, Monitoring of gas pressure in water pipelines, Measurement of water pressure. Mercury Absolute manometers are used for various purposes in power plants, Used in research laboratories.

Manometers have their disadvantages and advantages. Some of its advantages include less maintenance, fewer costs, feasible manufacturing, excellent accuracy and sensitivity, and some of its disadvantages include large in size and bulky, requires levelling, condensation introduces errors, poor dynamic performance.

Main Differences Between Barometers and Manometers

  1. Manometers can calculate other pressures along with atmospheric pressure. On the other hand, barometers can calculate only atmospheric pressure.
  2. Barometers do not possess an open-ended tube. On the other hand, manometers do possess an open-ended tube.
  3. Barometers were invented in the year 1643. On the other hand, manometers were invented in the year 1661.
  4. The design and functionality in barometers are rather limited than the design and functions in manometers.
  5. Manometers have both open outlets. On the other hands, barometers have one closed outlet, which has a vacuum.

Conclusion

Both the devices have several applications. These applications have proven to be helpful in various fields and have been significant to mankind.

They do have some disadvantages, but their evolution ever since their establishment is remarkable, and the disadvantages will be overcome in future generations.

Their methods and accurate results are helpful in science and technology. Mankind has made abundant use of these devices ever since they were invented.

Références

  1. https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=gohJZ5GlCOwC&oi=fnd&pg=PA1&dq=manometers&ots=92r3wYfsXx&sig=x1yUot31rTZ9efE-8u1hHQ_Fshs
  2. https://academic.oup.com/gji/article-abstract/48/3/281/615208
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