AcceptとExceptの違い(表付き)

Accept and Except are the two words that have completely different meaning in the English language but still they cause a lot of confusion among people.

Accept vs Except

difference between Accept and Except is that “Accept” means to agree or approve of something while except means to exclude something from a sentence. Accept stands as a verb in part of speech whereas except stands as a preposition or conjunction in the part of speech.

Examples: 1) Accept – I ‘accept’ your proposal. 2) Except – I can invite everyone, ‘except’ Jason.

Although they have two entirely different meanings, “accept” and “except” are sometimes misunderstood for one another. To help make it easy, remember these sentences

  1. “The company accepts applications from everyone, except convicted felons.”
  2. “All of her friends were accepted into the same school, except the one who did not apply.”

Accept /əkˈsept/ – This word is often used to show that an idea (or perhaps a person) is acknowledged and agreed to.

Synonyms for the word “accept” may include consent, allow in, receive, obtain, admit, permit, approve, agree to, agree with, acquire, take in, get or tolerate.

Except /ikˈsept/ – This word is often used to show that someone or something has been left out of a certain group.

Synonyms for the word “except” may include excluding, leave out, other than, not including, apart from, aside from, besides, count out, but not, all but, but, save or omitting.

Comparison Table Between Accept and Except

比較のパラメータAcceptそれ外
Phonetics / Pronunciationəkˈsɛptɪkˈsɛpt
Part of speech / Grammar動詞Preposition / Conjunction
使用法Shows approvalPoints to what is left out
定義ReceiveNot including
She accepted the award.I like all fruit, except papayas.
Definition 2Allow以外
例2He was accepted into Harvard.She could do nothing except cry.

What is Accept?

As a verb, “accept” means to allow or receive. It originally stemmed from the Latin prefix “ad-” (to) with the term “capere” (take). This formed the Latin word “accipere” (take something to oneself). Through time, this became the late Middle English word we know as “accept”.

What is Except?

Used as a preposition or conjunction, “except” means to not include. It originally stemmed from the Latin prefix “ex-” (out of) with the term “capere” (take).

This formed the Latin word “excipere” (taken out). Through time, this became the late Middle English word we know as “except”.

Main Differences Between Accept and Except

Like many word-duos in English, the two words “accept” and “except” can easily be mixed up, and often are, due to their similar pronunciations. However:

  1. These two words are spelled differently.
  2. They are pronounced similarly, but slightly differently.
  3. While they have the same ending of -cept, the beginnings of the words are different.
  4. “Accept” means to agree or take in, “except” means to leave out.
  5. Consider this mental image: “Accept” is to welcome someone into your home, while “except” is to welcome everyone BUT that person.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) About Accept and Except

Can you start a sentence with Except?

Yes, you can start a sentence with the word ‘Except’ even though it usually comes in the middle of the sentence. Generally, a sentence starts with the word ‘Except’ when there is a need to highlight the part of the sentence which states an exemption to the message in the sentence.

Here is an example of how you can form such a sentence- “Except for the kitchen and drawing rooms, the entire home were fully furnished”.

Does the comma go before or after Except?

Except is a word that can be used as a preposition as well as a conjunction. When it comes as a preposition it precedes a noun or a pronoun and no comma is required before or after the word ‘Except’. But when it is used as a conjunction it links two phrases, clauses, or sentences. In such cases, a comma is used before the word ‘Except’.

However, when ‘Except’ is used along with a conjunction like ‘That’ or ‘When’ a comma is not required. For instance, here is a sentence that fits this context: “She looks beautiful except when she gets angry”.

How do you use ‘Accept’ in a sentence?

Accept is a transitive verb and is used to describe the act of willingness to receive or to believe something. Here is an example where the word is used in a sentence: “I will accept your apology only if you say it in public”.

What type of verb is Accept?

Accept is a transitive verb that is used with an object. That means the verb “accept” is followed by a noun which is the object that receives the action denoted by the verb. For example, “The employees accepted the new rules as they tend to improve the overall working conditions”.

However, in a passive sentence, the noun or pronoun precedes the verb ‘Accept’. For example, “Eventually the folklores came to be accepted as true stories”.

What is the synonym of ‘Accepted’?

There are a few synonyms that can replace the word ‘Accepted’. But their usage depends on the sentence. Accordingly, some of the synonyms are approved, acknowledged, and authorized.

結論

The English language can be confusing! There are so many words for any given thing, and also words with multiple meanings.

There are even words that are spelled the same and sound the same but mean different things or words that have more than one way to spell them! It can spin the heads of even native speakers and can make English that much more difficult to learn as a second language.

While these two words are often misused and confused with each other, they are not blatant homophones, although some people may see them to be.

Taking note of their distinct phonetics, you will notice there is a minor contrast at the beginnings of the words. Although they can be a bit hard to hear, the difference is there.

“Accept” uses a short A or short E phonic to begin the word, depending on the speaker, while “except” uses more of a short I phonic.

Here are some simple life hacks on how to remember the difference between the two:

  1. Accept starts with letter A, just like its synonyms “agree” and “approve”.
  2. “Except” starts with the letter E, just like its synonym “exclude”.
  3. You accept/approve/agree to things that you grade with an “A”.
  4. Except, you exclude things that you mark wrong or mark out with an “X”.

If ever you still feel a little unsure of yourself when it comes to these and other commonly-confused words, there is always the trusty internet to help you clarify them.

参考文献

  1. https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/accept
  2. https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/accept
  3. https://www.collinsdictionary.com/dictionary/english/except
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